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National Hurricane Center  --- Tropical Weather Defintions & Preparedness Information  


NHC Active Tropical Cyclones

Active Tropical Cyclones

Indicates areas/chances of tropical/sub-tropical cyclone development over the next 48  hours

Atlantic Tropical Weather Discussion

NHC Data in GIS Formats

Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook

Highlights the location of areas of disturbed weather and shows the     2- and 5-day probabilistic genesis potential. This product is updated from June 1 through November 30. Special outlooks may be issued as conditions warrant.


Weather Hazards MapNational Forecast Maps

Weather Hazards

Map displays active watch, warnings, advisories and short term forecasts in the lower 48 states. Map automatically refreshes every five minutes.

Loop of sea-level pressures and fronts through day 7

National Data Buoy Center

National Data Buoy Center

NDBC provides hourly observations from a network of about 90 buoys and 60 Coastal Marine Automated Network stations. All stations measure wind (speed/direction/gust) and barometric pressure and air temperature.


Tropical Cyclone Potential Impacts Graphics

Hurricane Threats and Impacts

An interactive display to communicate local tropical storm and hurricane decision-making information based upon on local forecast databases, local statements, and hurricane threats and impact grids.

Hurricane Local Statement - Interactive Text Reader

Hurricane Local Statement Interactive Text Reader

It is active whenever tropical cyclone watches/warnings are in effect locally, and refreshed with each issuance of the Hurricane Local Statement (HLS)  by your local forecast office.

NWS Albany: Hurricane Local Statement


Tropical Atlantic Weather Map

Tropical Atlantic Weather Map

Surface analysis of weather features across the tropical Atlantic.

 Tropical Atlantic Infrared Satellite

Tropical Atlantic Satellite Imagery


NHC Aircraft Reconnaissance

Latest Surface Analysis Short Range Forecast Maps

Surface Analysis

The Weather Prediction Center (WPC) produces surface maps which depicts the analysis of  highs, lows, fronts, troughs, outflow boundaries, squall lines, and drylines.

Regional Observations

NOAA nowCOAST - GIS mapping Portal

Radar Albany NY


WSR-88D Doppler Radar

Albany NY
Montague NY
Dual-Pol Data | Training
Northeast Sector | Loop
Southeast Sector | Loop
| Loop



Storm Prediction Center

Storm Prediction Center Overview Graphic / Map

Radar of the contiguous United States with Storm Prediction Center outlook.


Storm Reports

These reports are preliminary and are plotted and listed "as is" from NWS Local Storm Reports usually sent in real-time.

Albany's Preliminary Local Storm Reports


Experimental Potential Storm Surge Flooding Map

Along the coast, storm surge is often the greatest threat to life and property from a hurricane. The size of a storm surge for a particular location depends on a number of factors. Storm surge is very sensitive to the shape of the coast, and to changes in storm track, intensity, forward speed, and size. Tidal height at the time of maximum storm surge is an important factor.


Depression <39
T. Storm 39-73
Hurricane 1 74-95
Hurricane 2 96-110
Hurricane 3 111-129
Hurricane 4 130-156
Hurricane 5 > 156

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale


Category 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane's sustained wind speed.

Effects and Damage Estimates


Tropical Cyclone Climatology

The official hurricane season for the Atlantic Basin (the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico) is from June 1st to November 30th.

The peak of the season is from mid-August to late October. However, deadly hurricanes can occur anytime in the hurricane season.

Tropical Cyclones - pdf brochure

Hurricane Tracks

Historical Hurricane Tracks

NOAA Historical Hurricane Tracks Tool - interactive database.

More than 6,000 tropical cyclones, ranging from 1842 and occurring in over seven major ocean basins around the world,  are now searchable thanks to the incorporation of NOAA’s International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS) data set.



Precipitation Forecast & Guidance

6-hour QPF

Local / Regional Forecasts

Shows forecasted precipitation for a given time period.

6-hour QPF Days 1-3

Regional 6-hourly Graphics

Northeast River Forecest Center QPF Forecast


Quantitative Precipitation
Forecast Discussion

QPF Forecasts

Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts issued by the Weather Prediction Center.

Day 1-3 QPF Loops:
6-hour --- 12-hour --- 24-hour

Day 1-7 QPF Loop



Flash Flood Guidance


Flash Flood Guidance

Flash Flood Guidance is an estimate of the amount of rainfall required over a given area during a given duration to cause small streams to flood issued by Northeast River Forecast Center.

Flash Flood Guidance Graphics

Probabilistic Guidance

About Product Suite

Probabilistic Guidance

This product provides a probabilistic forecast of rainfall over the continental United States in 6-hour and 24-hour increments issued by the Weather Prediction Center.


Excessive Rainfall

The Excessive Rainfall graphics provide a forecast of the potential for flash flooding across the continental United States.

Excessive Rainfall Discussion

Excessive Rainfall


Mesoscale Precipitation Discussions

Provide short term guidance during heavy rain events leading to a threat of flash flooding to the NWS Weather Forecast Offices, River Forecast Centers, the media, emergency managers and interested partners.

Meteorological Model Ensemble River  Forecasts (MMEFS)

The purpose is to provide users with a short-term situational awareness by providing the probabilistic exceedence information relative to NWS flood categories and providing the ensemble river forecasts that in turn show a range of outcomes.



Local Products

Example WSW


Definitions and Preparedness Information