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The National Weather Service in New York State has declared March 12 through 18, 2017 as Flood Safety Awareness Week.

The National Weather Service in Binghamton will feature information about a different flood topic each day during the awareness week.

Monday March 13, 2017

Flood Safety - Preparedness And Awareness

Nearly everyday, flooding happens somewhere in the United States or its territories. Flooding can occur in any of the fifty states or U.S. territories at any time of the year. It causes more damage in the united states than any other weather related event. On average, floods cause eight billion dollars in damages and eighty nine fatalities annually. Being prepared and knowing how to stay safe will help you and your loved ones survive a flood.

September 2011 Flooding in Binghamton, NY

Always be Prepare:

To find out what your flood hazard is and it's direct impacts are, go to: Flood Related Hazards.

You can also find out if you live in a flood plain by visiting our partners at FEMA at

There are many tips for what to do before, during and after a flood on our newly redesigned flood safety website at

Always be aware:

Find the latest forecasts and hazardous weather conditions at and National Weather Service Forecast Offices across the country work around the clock to ensure Watches, Warnings and Advisories are issued to alert you and your family to hazardous conditions to keep you safe.

The same information is available on your mobile device at Some smart phones are able to receive flash flood warning alerts via the Wireless Emergency Alerts System. For more information visit Weather Ready Nation's FAQ on Wireless Emergency Alerts.

Another tool to alert you to hazardous conditions is NOAA All Hazards Radio. This nationwide network of radio stations broadcasts continuous weather, river and other emergency information direct from National Weather Service offices and emergency officials. For more information, visit

Stay safe during a flood by knowing your risk and where to get the latest forecast and hazard information. Be a force of nature! 

Tuesday March 14, 2017

Today's topic: Turn Around Don't Drown

The phrase "Turn Around Don't Drown" has become a catchphrase in the media, classroom and even at home. It's one thing to see or hear the phrase, and another to put it into practice. Turn Around Don't Drown, or TADD for short, is a NOAA's National Weather Service campaign used to educate people about the hazards of driving a vehicle or walking through flood waters. During the past decade, hundreds of signs depicting the message have been erected at low water crossings.



Each year, more deaths occur due to flooding than any other thunderstorms related hazard. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention report that over half of all flood-related drownings occur when a vehicle is driven into hazardous flood waters. The next highest percentage of flood-related deaths is due to walking into or near flood waters. People underestimate the force and power of water. Many of the deaths occur in automobiles as they are swept downstream.


Just six inches of fast-moving water can knock an adult off their feet. Twelve inches of moving water can carry away most small cars, and twenty-four inches of rushing water can carry away most large vehicles including school busses. It is never safe to drive or walk into flood waters.


It is impossible to tell the exact depth of water covering a roadway or the condition of the road below the water. This is especially true at night when your vision is limited. It is never safe to drive or walk through flood waters. Any time you come to a flooded road, walkway, or path, follow this simple rule: Turn Around Don't Drown.


For more information on the TADD program, visit

For flood safety tips, visit

Wednesday March 15, 2017

Today's topic: Flood Hazards

Flooding is a coast-to-coast threat to the United States and its territories during every month of the year. Flooding typically occurs when prolonged rain occurs over several days, or when intense rain falls over a short period of time, or when ice or debris jam causes a river or a stream to overflow onto the surrounding area. Flooding can also result in the failure of a water controled structure, such as a levee or dam. The most common form of flooding is rain and/or snowmelt that accumulates faster than the soil can absorb it, or the rivers can carry it away. Approximately seventy-five percent of all Presidential Disaster declarations are associated with flooding. More information about these flood hazards can be found on the National Weather Service flood safety website at

The following will describe different forms of flooding:

Flash flooding: 

  • Flash flooding is floods that happen in a flash! This type of flood generally develops within six hours of the immediate cause. Causes can include heavy rain, ice or debis jams, or levee or dam failures. Flash floods are rapid rises in water level in streams or creeks above a predetermined flood level.  

Tropical Systems and Coastal Flooding:

June 1972 Hurricane Agnes Wilkes-Barre PA.

  • Coastal flooding generally occurs with a land-falling or near-land system such as a tropical storm or hurricane. Storm surge and large waves produced by hurricanes pose the greatest threat to life and property along the coast. Tropical systems can bring copious amounts of precipitation onshore. Tropical systems are not the only type of storms that can cause coastal inundation and storm surge. All times of the year storms can impact U.S. coastal regions. Pacific storm systems and nor'easters can create devastating floods as well.  

River flooding: 

  • River flooding occurs when river levels rise and overflow their banks or the edges of their main channel and inundate areas that are normally dry. River flooding can be caused by heavy rainfall, dam failures, rapid snowmelt and ice jams. River flooding is classified as minor, moderate, or major based on water height and impacts along the river. 
  • The three stages of river flooding are: 
    • Minor: low-lying areas adjacent to the stream or river, mainly rural areas and farmland and secondary roadways. 
    • Moderate: water levels rise high enough to impact homes and businesses near the river and some evacuations may be needed. 
    • Major: extensive rural and/or urban flooding is expected.

Understanding the different flood hazards and knowing the actions to take before, during, and afterwards can help you protect your life, the lives of your loved ones, and your property. Prepare now by visiting


Thursday March 16, 2017

Today's topic: National Weather Service Water Resources

The National Weather Service homepage,, provides up to date weather and water advisory, watch, and warning information for the U.S. and it's territories. However, the National Weather Service provides many additional resources to help emergency managers, public officials and private citizens make water decisions.

Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service (AHPS):

  • AHPS provides a suite of river and flood forecasts and water information to protect life and property and helps ensure the nation's economic well-being.

Flood Inundation Mapping:Flood inundation map example.

  • The ability to look into the future to see how many city blocks and roads might be flooded is becoming clearer with flood inundation mapping. NOAA's National Weather Service and national ocean service are collaborating with the USGS, USACE, FEMA, and other partners to develop these inundation maps for flooding.

Weather Prediction Center (WPC) Precipitation Forecasts:

  • WPC provides precipitation forecasts for the entire U.S., including Puerto Rico. WPC also issues excessive rainfall forecasts, short-range discussions on heavy rainfall events, and snowfall and freezing rain probabilities.

National Weather Service River Forecast Centers (RFC):

The National Weather Service has a network of thirteen RFCs across the united states. These RFCs collect, process, and provide water resource and river forecasts and information for major river basins across the country.

Flood Safety Awareness Website:

On this page, you will find information on what to do before, during and after a flood.

Staying aware of an evolving weather situation can help you prepare when flooding or other weather hazards impact your area. Be a force of nature!

Friday March 17, 2017

Today's topic: Partner Resources

The National Weather Service works with and relies on strategic partners involved in river observations, reservoir management, floodplain management, flood hazard mitigation, and flood preparedness and safety to reduce the loss of life and property due to floods. Today we are sharing some great tools from several of our partners.

American Red Cross

Federal Alliance For Safe Homes (FLASH)

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

United States Army Corps of Engineers

United States Geological Survey

The National Weather Service works with many key partners to complete the mission of protecting life and property. Some additional key partners are the National Hydrologic Warning Council, Association of State Floodplain Managers, the National Safety Council, media outlets, and many other government and private sector organizations. For more information about any of our partners, or to learn about partners local to your area, contact your local nws office.

As we wrap up the 2017 Flood Safety Awareness Week, remember, flooding can occur in ANY of the fifty states or U.S. territories at any time of the year. Prepare yourself, your family, and your home. Be aware of potential flooding in your area, Turn Around Don't Drown, and help make the U.S. a more Weather Ready Nation!



The weather safety topics for the remainder of the week will be as follows:

  • Monday, Preparedness and Awareness.
  • Tuesday, Turn Around Don't Drown.
  • Wednesday, Flood Hazards.
  • Thursday, National Weather Service Water Resources.
  • Friday, Partner Resources.

Use the blue tabs at the top of the page move through each day.

For more information, contact:

David Nicosia

Warning Coordination Meteorologist for NOAA's National Weather Service
Binghamton, NY 13290
Phone: 607-770-9531 x 223
Awareness Logo containing NOAA, NWS, Building shot, NY State Logo and Skywarn logos.