National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce


The National Blend of Models (NBM) is a nationally consistent and skillful suite of calibrated forecast guidance based on a blend of both NWS and non-NWS numerical weather prediction model data and post-processed model guidance. The goal of the NBM is to create a highly accurate, skillful and consistent starting point for the gridded forecast. This new way to produce NDFD grids will be helpful providing forecasters with a suite of information to use for their forecasts. The NBM is considered an important part of the efforts to evolve NWS capabilities to achieve a Weather-Ready Nation.


The first version of the NBM was released January 6, 2016 in CONUS AWIPS 16.1.1, after Congress mandated that the NWS develop a blended model approach following Hurricane Sandy in 2012. This first version used 3 models (GFS, GEFS mean, CMCE mean) and covered temperature, wind, and sky cover over the CONUS region two times a day. Version 2, released November 15, 2016 in CONUS and OCONUS AWIPS 16.2.2, added coverage over Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico.

Further versions aim to expand on the current NBM capabilities. Version 3 makes major changes to the blend capabilities. Over CONUS, V3.0 will run hourly from 0-36 hours. The number of models used in the blend has also been greatly increased, and now includes numerous mesoscale and short-range models in addition to global models used in previous versions. In addition to temperature and winds, the version 3.0 will produce precipitation forecasts, Ceiling height and Visibility, as well as supporting weather, snow, and ice forecasts. Additionally V3.0 will add precipitation to Alaska and Hawaii. 

For NWS employees and affiliates, more information on versions and development can be found at the NWS Insider NBM Page, and the NBM VLab Page. [Login required]


Performance Examples

Hurricane Matthew, October 7, 2016 12z - Wind Gusts
(Blend 48hr forecast)

Hurricane Matthew wind gust comparisons

Upper left: NDFD, Upper right: Blend, Lower left: GMOS, Lower right: URMA (observations)

Sacramento, CA, January 11, 2017 00z - 06hrQPF
(Blend 36hr forecast)

Upper left: NDFD, Upper right: Blend, Lower left: WPC, Lower right: URMA (observations)

Front in southwest USA, December 17, 2016 00z - Temperature
(Blend 12hr forecast)

Upper left: NDFD, Upper right: Blend, Lower left: GMOS, Lower right: URMA (observations)

More detailed examples are available at the NWS Insider NBM Performance Page [NWS and affliates only; login required]

Training and Additional Information Resources

For more information on the National Blend of Models, please see the following training resources and publications. 

Training Modules

Reference Publications

Reference Presentations