National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

Flash Flood Threat Shifts to Florida; Snowy in the Northern Plains; Fire Danger in the West

Showers and thunderstorms may produce flash flooding in northern and central Florida into Tuesday; and gusty winds and hail are also possible across the area Sunday. A strong cold front will bring below average temperatures and wintry precipitation to the northern High Plains. Elevated fire weather conditions are expected across parts of the Northwest and southern California. Read More >



How do I program my radio?


Please see the NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards website and your radio manual. If you have further questions, please write, e-mail, or phone the NWS office that serves your area (see this map to find the right office).


Which counties should I program my radio to alarm for?


Different people have different weather information needs. A general recommendation is to include the county you are in, plus one or two nearby counties, particularly those to the northwest, west, and southwest. If you plan to use the radio for road trips, you can save money by buying a non-SAME radio, which will alert for all watches and warnings transmitted from the nearest NWR station.


My new NOAA Weather Radio needs FIPS (SAME) codes programmed into it. What are they?


FIPS (Federal Information Processing Standard) or SAME (Specific Area Message Encoding) codes are the same. They are six-digit numbers that represent all, or part of, a county, independent city, or parish. The second and third digits represent the state (for example, 40 = Oklahoma); the fourth through sixth digits represent the county/city/parish (for example, 109 = Oklahoma County in Oklahoma), and the first digit identifies what section of that county, city, or parish is being described. That digit is usually a zero, which means "all" the area defined by the other five digits.


This stupid radio alarms for every warning issued for the whole state! Why is that?!


Several people have written or phoned with this complaint with the added comment that they turned the radio's alert feature off. We really don't want you to do that! The purpose of the WR-SAME technology was to help prevent this from happening.

If your radio alarms for distant warnings, one of two things has probably happened. Either you purchased a radio that is not SAME-compatible (if you can't program county codes into it, it's not SAME-compatible) or your radio is not programmed for the right counties. Check to ensure that the "FIPS Code" list contains only the code for the county you are in, and perhaps one or two nearby counties. Also be sure that any "wild card" entries are removed (for example, "999999" is often used as an "all counties" indicator).

Other possible explanations (which are much less common) include a miscoded warning or a defective radio.


Where can I find information on special needs NOAA weather radios?


This page provides information about special-needs NOAA weather radios. The information is intended to assist those who are deaf or hard-of-hearing.