National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

Drought Conditions

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Local Drought Statement
Latest Drought Monitor Graphics
Soil Moisture
Precipitation Outlooks
Monthly and Seasonal Drought Outlooks
Acknowledgements and Related Links

Local Drought Information Statement:
Latest Drought Monitor Graphics:

U.S. Drought Monitor

Drought Monitor for Midwest

Drought Monitor for Iowa

Drought Monitor for Illinois

The categories of drought are defined as follows:

Abnormally Dry (D0) - Going into drought: short-term dryness slowing planting, growth of crops or pastures; fire risk above average. Coming out of drought: some lingering water deficits; pastures or crops not fully recovered.

Moderate Drought (D1) - Some damage to crops, pastures; fire risk high; streams, reservoirs, or wells low, some water shortages developing or imminent, voluntary water use restrictions requested.

Severe Drought (D2) - Crop or pasture losses likely; fire risk very high; water shortages common; water restrictions imposed.

Extreme Drought (D3) - Major crop/pasture losses; extreme fire danger; widespread water shortages or restrictions.

Exceptional Drought (D4) - Exceptional and widespread crop/pasture losses; exceptional fire risk; shortages of water in reservoirs, streams, and wells, creating water emergencies.


Note:  Drought categories are based on broad-scale indicators over "climate districts" (the gray division lines on the U.S. map above).  The Midwest and state maps below it attempts to delineate the drought categories on a smaller scale map.  Note that because the categories do not follow county lines, the "transition areas" on the regional and state maps may be larger than indicated above.  Also, small-scale factors, such as localized heavy rain from thunderstorms, may affect the drought level over a small area, which may not necessarily be reflected in the maps above. 


The U.S. Drought Monitor is a weekly collaborative effort between a number of federal agencies including NOAA/ NWS, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, and the National Drought Mitigation Center. Details and explanations of the Drought Monitor can found at:


You can report and view specific drought impacts via the Drought Impact Reporter at:

Soil Moisture:
CPC daily soil moisture anomaly
CPC soil moisture anomaly trend

Crop Moisture Index


Additional soil moisture 
information is available at the MRCC's Midwest Moisture Daily Update                                                 




For the impact on areas crops, visit these USDA sites:

Illinois Weather and Crop Information
Iowa Weather and Crop Information



For wildfire potential, visit the National Interagency Fire Center's Wildland Fire Assessment System.



 Precipitation Outlooks:

    Precipitation forecasts are available from  Weather Prediction Center (WPC) 

Day 1 - Rainfall amount forecast

Day 2 - Rainfall amount forecast

Image of 24 Hour HPC Deterministic QPF Image of 48 Hour HPC Deterministic QPF

Day 3 - Rainfall amount forecast

Day 4-5 - Rainfall amount forecast

Day 3 Rainfall amount forecast Days 4-5 Rainfall amount forecast

Day 6-7 - Rainfall amount forecast

7 Day Total - Rainfall amount forecast

Days 6-7 Rainfall amount forecast 7 Day Total Rainfall amount forecast


For probabilistic temperature and precipitation outlooks for week 2 and longer into
the future,
consult the following Climate Prediction Center (CPC) Web Sites:

8 to 14 Day Outlook:

CPC 8-14 day outlook

30 Day Outlook:

90 Day Outlook:


Monthly and Seasonal Drought Outlooks:


CPC Monthlyl Drought Outlook

CPC Seasonal Drought Outlook


Acknowledgements and Related Links:

The drought monitor is a multi-agency effort involving NOAA's National Weather Service and National Climatic Data Center, the USDA, State and Regional Center Climatologists and the National Drought Mitigation Center. Information for the drought statements has been gathered from NWS, FAA and CoCoRaHS observation sites, Iowa State and Illinois Cooperative Extension Services, the USDA, COE and USGS.

Local weather, climate and water information -

Drought Monitor -

Illinois State Water Survey Drought Site -

Iowa State University Cooperative Extension Service -

Missouri Department of Natural Resources -

Additional river information -

NOAA Drought Page -
Climate Prediction Center - 
NIDIS Logo NIDIS - National Integrated Drought Information System  -