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Overview

Several lines of showers and thunderstorms developed ahead of a cold front. Pockets of wind damage were noted across portions of the area, with evidence of 3 tornadoes found within damage areas in Wabash, Noble and White counties in Indiana.
 

Tornadoes:

Tornado 1- Wabash, Indiana
Wabash County

Date March 31, 2016
Time (Local) 556 pm EDT
EF Rating 1
Est. Peak Winds 105 mph
Path Length 0.75 miles
Max Width 60 yards
Injuries/Deaths 0

Summary:

The tornado destroyed a old, small metal outbuilding, tore metal roofing from a nearby pole barn and shifted a single wide manufactured home 4 feet off its cinderblock foundation. Several trees suffered damage ranging from snapped limbs to uprootings. A home suffered porch damage with a well-constructed wooden playground set being dragged about 30 yards to the east.

Track Map

Track Map EF-Scale

Downloadable KMZ File

Tornado 2- Albion, Indiana
Noble County

Date March 31, 2016
Time (Local) 549 PM - 550 PM EDT
EF Rating EF1
Est. Peak Winds 90 mph
Path Length 0.50 miles
Max Width 30 yards
Injuries/Deaths 0

Summary:

The tornado caused damage to the roof and walls of a barn, as well as snapping power poles shortly after touching down. Debris was carried to the next property where several pine trees were snapped or uprooted. The entire roof of a log cabin was removed and thrown to the northeast into an adjacent woods, where some debris from the previous barn was also found.

Track Map

Track Map EF-Scale

Downloadable KMZ File

Tornado 3- Wolcott, Indiana
White County

Date March 31, 2016
Time (Local) 405 PM - 408 PM EDT
EF Rating EF0
Est. Peak Winds 85 mph
Path Length 3.1 miles
Max Width 120 yards
Injuries/Deaths 0

Summary:

A tornado was found on the edge of a swath of wind damage. A barn was destroyed with it's debris being carried several miles. The tornado remained over mainly open fields until pushing over several steel power poles at their base on US-24.  A large pole barn suffered moderate roof damage as winds entered a gap on the bottom of the structure. A home suffered minor roof damage.

Track Map

Track Map EF-Scale

Downloadable KMZ File

 

The Enhanced Fujita (EF) Scale classifies tornadoes into the following categories:

EF0
Weak

65-85 mph
EF1
Moderate
86-110 mph
EF2
Significant
111-135 mph
EF3
Severe
136-165 mph
EF4
Extreme
166-200 mph
EF5
Catastrophic
200+ mph
ef-scale

Photos & Video:

Wabash, IN EF1 (Pictures from NWS Survey)

Photo Photo Photo
Mobile Home Shifted off Cinderblocks Old Metal Outbuilding Destroyed Piece of wood driven into ground

Albion, IN Damage (Pictures from Noble County EMA)

Photo Photo Photo Photo
Trees damage/Roof removed Tornado Damage Picnic table and Swing Set thrown
Tornado Damage
Roof Damage to barn
Tornado Damage
South half of roof removed
Straight Line Winds

Wolcott, IN EF0 Damage (Pictures from White County EMA)

Photo Photo Photo
Roof Damage to Barn
 
Roof and side panels removed
 
Large area of roof removed
 

Radar:

Images at time of tornado

Radar Image Radar Image Radar Image

Radar Image at 5:56 PM EDT

Wabash, Indiana EF1

Radar Image at 5:49 PM EDT

Albion, Indiana EF1

Radar Image at 4:07 PM EDT

Wolcott, Indiana EF0


Storm Reports

Final summary coming soon.


Environment

Low pressure was working across the northern Great Lakes with a trailing cold front. A 40 knot low level (850 mb) jet was impinging on the forecast area, with mid level (500 mb) winds in excess of 80 knots.

Environment Environment Environment
Figure 1: Surface Map at 5 pm EDT Figure 2: 850 mb Wind/Pressure/Dewpoint at 5 pm Figure 3: 500 mb Pressure/Wind/Isotachs at 5 pm

While surface based CAPE (Convective Available Potential Energy) was on the lower side (500 to 750 J/KG), wind shear through much of the atmosphere was high in the 80 to 90 kt range with low level Storm Relative Helicity also favorable for rotation (200-300 m2/s2 ).

Environment Environment Environment
Figure 4: Surface Based CAPE at 5 pm Figure 5: 0-6 km Shear at 5 pm Figure 6: 0-1 km Storm Relative Helicity


SPC Outlooks

Environment Environment Environment
Figure 7: SPC Day 2 Outlook Figure 8: SPC Day 1 Outlook at 4 pm EDT Figure 9: Mesoscale Discussion

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