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Alaska Area Forecast Discussions

FXAK69 PAFG 201058

Northern Alaska Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Fairbanks AK
258 AM AKDT Sat Jul 20 2019


A rapidly deepening low pressure system will traverse the North
Slope today, resulting in wind gusts up to 40 mph in the Brooks
Range passes and wind gusts in excess of 50 mph this afternoon and
evening east of Deadhorse. Wind gusts of 60 mph possible near
Barter Island. Additional rainfall amounts of one quarter to one
half inch across much of the North Slope today, and one half to
one inch possible across the Brooks Range.

Elevated surf is possible for the southwest facing shorelines on
St Lawrence Island, Diomede and Chukchi Sea coast south of Point
Hope Sunday and Monday as the pressure gradient strengthens
between an area of low pressure over Siberia and high pressure
over Western Alaska.

Aloft, at 500 mb, a 520 dam low is located in the high Arctic,
with a shortwave extending southwest across the western Beaufort
Sea and into the Chukchi Sea. This shortwave will quickly move
east across the Arctic Coast today and move over Banks Island
Saturday night. The parent low will slide eastward and waken
through the weekend and early next week. A 562 dam low in the
southern Gulf of Alaska this morning will meander around the Gulf
of Alaska through the next several days, while a ridge axis
extends north into the southern Bering Sea from the north Pacific.
The ridge axis will build north and east across Alaska Sunday and
Monday, becoming centered along the Alcan border Tuesday.

A 1003 mb low over the Western Brooks Range this morning will
quickly deepen as it lifts northeast today to be a 998 mb low
near Nuiqsut later this morning, continuing northeast this
afternoon to be a 998 mb low 75 nm north of Kaktovik this
afternoon, and a 998 mb low over Banks Island by early Sunday
morning. High pressure will build eastward behind the low Saturday
evening and night across the North Slope. A weather front will
push across the West Coast and the Interior today, with another
weather front pushing across the North Slope Sunday. High pressure
will build northeast across the Interior Sunday into Monday.

Models...00Z model suite initialized well against the 00Z RAOBS
and the 00Z surface obs. Models are in good agreement with the
overall synoptic pattern through Tuesday, at which point
solutions begin to diverge. At the mesoscale level though,
differences are apparent in the near term. 00Z model solutions
differ in the exact timing and placement of the rapidly deepening
low moving across the North Slope today, with the NAM moving the
low the furthest north and the ECMWF being the slowest. The
differences in the track and timing will make the exact placement
of the strongest winds on the eastern Arctic Coast difficult.
Model convective indices show limited instability today, primarily
along a line from Dot Lake to Chicken and east.

North Slope and Brooks Range: A rapidly deepening low will move
across the North Slope today and over the Beaufort Sea by this
evening, bringing strong winds and rainfall. In the Brooks Range
passes, southwest winds of 20 to 30 mph with gusts to 40 mph are
expected this morning, continuing into this afternoon. As the low
moves northeast, west winds will increase to 20 to 35 mph with
gusts to 50 mph mainly east of Nuiqsut this afternoon and evening,
with 60 mph possible near Barter Island. Upgraded the High Wind
Watch for zone 204 to a High Wind Warning for wind gusts to 60
mph. Strong wind headlines remain in place for zones 203, 205, and
206. Rainfall will accompany the low. Additional rainfall amounts
of one quarter to one half inch across much of the North Slope
today, and one half to one inch possible across the Brooks Range.
On Sunday, another weather front will push across the North
Slope, bringing another round of rain to the region. Temperatures
warming Sunday and Monday.

West Coast and Western Interior: A weather front moving across the
West Coast and Western Interior today will bring more rain to the
region, with the best rain chances occurring along a line from
Unalakleet to Galena and north. Heaviest rainfall amounts will be
north of a Kotzebue to Ambler line, with amounts ranging from a
quarter of an inch to half an inch, with isolated higher amounts
in the favored upslope areas. Elsewhere rainfall amounts will
generally be a tenth of an inch or less. On Sunday and
continuing into Monday, the pressure gradient tightens across
over the Bering and Chukchi Seas, resulting in southwest winds of
20 to 30 mph. Latest guidance suggest that this will lead to
elevated surf for southwest facing shorelines on St Lawrence
Island, Diomede and Chukchi Sea coast south of Point Hope Sunday
and Monday. At this time, coastal flooding is not anticipated.
Temperatures warming Sunday and Monday.

Central and Eastern Interior: A weather front moving across the
Interior today will bring increased southwesterly winds.
Southwest winds of 10 to 20 mph are expected during the day, with
gusts up to 25 mph possible across the Yukon Flats. This could
bring additional smoke to communities in the Yukon Flats. As the
front moves eastward it will bring scattered to widespread showers
from the Upper Koyukuk Valley to the Southeastern Brooks Range,
with isolated showers elsewhere. Isolated thunderstorms possible
this afternoon mainly east of a line from Dot Lake to Chicken.
Warmer and drier conditions expected Sunday and Monday as high
pressure builds in. Temperatures start an upwards trend on Sunday,
with temperatures in the 80s once again making an appearance by

Coastal Hazard Potential Days 3 and 4...None.


A deepening surface low moving across the Brooks Range and North
Slope today will bring gusty west to southwesterly winds,
especially north of the Yukon River. Minimum relative humidity
levels are expected to remain above 35 percent and temperatures
are expected to be in the mid 70s in the warmest locations in the
Yukon Flats to near Eagle. A weather front pushing east across
the West Coast and Interior today will bring showers with it. The
best wetting rain chances are along a line from the Seward
Peninsula to Coldfoot and north, with most of the shower activity
south of there expected to be more isolated in nature.
Thunderstorm activity limited today to a line from Dot Lake to
Chicken and east this afternoon.

The area of most concern, the Yukon Flats, will see slightly
cooler temperatures today, with highs in the upper 60s to mid 70s
and minimum relative humidity values in the upper 30s. Conditions
will remain somewhat dry as the area is not expected to receive
wetting rains.

As ridging aloft builds in Sunday and Monday, a warming trend will
ensue, with highs in the upper 70s and lower 80s returning to the
Interior by Monday.


A quarter of an inch to one inch of rainfall is expected across
much of the North Slope and the Brooks Range through Sunday as a
series of systems move through the area. This will cause some
minor rises in rivers that drain the Brooks Range.


High Wind Warning for AKZ204.

Small Craft Advisory for PKZ210-PKZ210-PKZ215-PKZ220-PKZ225-

Gale Warning for PKZ240-PKZ245.


JUL 19

FXAK68 PAFC 201211

Southcentral and Southwest Alaska Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Anchorage AK
411 AM AKDT Sat Jul 20 2019


The upper-level pattern remains much the same as previous days,
with much of southern Alaska situated underneath a col or area of
weak flow between two upper-level lows positioned over the Gulf
and Beaufort Sea and two ridges positioned over the Bering and
Yukon. A weak shortwave is attempting to pierce the region of the
col from the northwest but is weakening and shearing apart as it
moves over the Alaska Range. This feature is expected to weaken
further and become absorbed into the flow around the main low over
the Gulf.

At the surface, a weak surface low well south of Seward is
advecting a more stable, marine airmass along with low stratus
and areas of rain from Cordova and Prince William Sound south and
west across the eastern Kenai Peninsula and Kodiak Island.
Farther inland, an unstable airmass, slightly moderated by a
cooler, southerly flow aloft, produced another round of isolated
showers and thunderstorms across the Copper River Basin as well as
over portions of the Kenai and Talkeetna Mountains yesterday.
These areas of convection, however, diminished quickly following
sunset. More organized convection did linger through the overnight
hours over the Alaska Range, aided by the upper-level support
from the aforementioned shortwave.

Elsewhere, low clouds and onshore flow continues across southwest
Alaska as conditions remain stable underneath the ridge. Gusty
northwesterly winds across the Pacific coast of the AKPEN are
slowly winding down as the pressure gradient between the ridge and
trough relaxes. Farther west, widespread stratus and areas of fog
linger as the ridge extends across the Bering and Aleutians.



Models remain in good agreement with the overall synoptic
picture. The biggest challenges in the short term continue to be
the extent of low cloud cover across Southcentral and the
potential development of a marine layer advecting up Cook Inlet
this morning. Most guidance shows low-level moisture advection in
association with up-inlet flow lending credence for the
development of marine stratus; however, the evolution of this
remains to be seen as there is an absence of this anywhere in the
Cook Inlet this morning. The challenges in regard to the extent of
cloud cover and possible marine layer development will also have
a cascading impact on not only temperature but smoke transport as
well. Therefore, confidence in these forecast parameters is low.

Beyond the weekend, guidance is signaling the return of
widespread shower and thunderstorm activity south and east of the
Alaska Range as the airmass destabilizes and easterly shortwaves
propagate across Southcentral Alaska. There is average confidence
in this solution given overall model agreement. Differences are
with the timing of these shortwaves moving across Southcentral.



PANC...General VFR conditions will prevail with southerly winds
continuing through the morning hours and ceilings remaining at or
above 5,000 ft. The challenge to the forecast remains the extent
to which smoke and low cloud cover reaches the airport complex as
a result of the enhanced up-inlet flow, mainly during the morning
hours. The Turnagain wind and scattered cloud cover overnight has
resulted in a weaker surface inversion as compared to previous
nights, so the thinking remains that any smoke advected over the
terminal will not be thick enough to reduce visibility below VFR.
Still, there is a slight possibility that smoke may reduce to 6SM
at times this morning once the Turnagain winds decrease.

The previous forecast mentioned the potential for a marine layer
to move up Cook Inlet this morning. This also looks less likely
as satellite imagery shows a lack of marine stratus. Therefore,
any indication of low clouds has been kept out of the 12Z TAF



Southcentral...Fairly cloudy conditions are expected over the
area through tonight along with some isolated to scattered
showers due to a low pressure system in the Gulf. This will result
in cooler daytime temperatures and higher humidities. Skies will
begin clearing on Sunday as the low moves south and high pressure
moves in. The atmosphere will be fairly stable, with only the
Copper River Basin having a slight chance of thunderstorms today.

Southwest...Fire weather concerns remain minimal over southwest
Alaska through the weekend as the ridge maintains its presence
over the region with continued cloud cover, weak onshore flow and
cooler temperatures.



A low pressure system in the Gulf will push moisture into
Southcentral today. This will result in cloudier and cooler
conditions along with some isolated to scattered showers. The low
will push off to the south tonight, allowing high pressure to
build into the area. Showers will come to an end and skies will
slowly clear on Sunday.


morning through Tuesday morning)...

A weak upper level ridge over the eastern Bering has begun to
slowly drift eastward this morning. Meanwhile at the surface, the
ridge is centered over the central Aleutians, allowing for
onshore flow across the southwest coast. This, combined with
plentiful moisture, will allow for low level clouds and fog along
the coast through the morning hours today. Light showers are
possible late Saturday overnight into Sunday, though any chance of
precipitation will favor the coastal areas. As the ridge travels
eastward through Tuesday, chances of showers diminish, though low
level fog and stratus will continue to be the forecast challenge.


Saturday morning through Tuesday morning)...

Northwesterly flow over the eastern Aleutians and Alaska Peninsula
will subside this morning as the ridge of high pressure in place
over the eastern Bering slowly drifts eastward. The next two
features of note include a North Pacific low and a Siberian low.
First, the North Pacific low approaches the central Aleutians and
lifts a front over Atka Sunday morning before moving eastward
Monday. While the low center remains south of the Aleutian Chain,
precipitation will spread from west to east, reaching Unalaska by
Monday evening. Secondly, an upper level trough currently over
Siberia supports the strengthening of a surface low through Monday
morning. While the low center will not enter the Bering, the
front associated with the low is expected to approach the western
Bering by Saturday evening. This will bring a broad swath of
southwesterly small- craft winds to the far western Bering waters.
By Sunday morning, winds increase to gale-force as the front
lifts into the northwestern Bering Sunday afternoon. Winds
diminish by Monday as the front weakens. Low level stratus and
areas of fog across the Bering are likely to persist under this
pattern through Tuesday.


.MARINE (Days 3 through 5; Monday through Wednesday)...

Sub gales are expected to persist through Wednesday over the Gulf
of Alaska waters. A front moving into the western Bering Sea
Monday may result in near gale force wind west of 180.


.LONG TERM FORECAST (Days 4 through 7; Tuesday through Friday)...

Long range models are generally in good agreement through
Wednesday then begin to diverge. The overall general concept of
low pressure in the north central Bering Sea with a trough over
the Bering and moist onshore flow into western Alaska is
consistent between the models. The Bering Sea and Aleutians will
see a continuation of lows tracking across the region.

The mid to long range for the Gulf and southern mainland looks to
be under generally weak low pressure over the Gulf with weak
ridging over the southern mainland. The models are in good
agreement with the upper level high moving into the Yukon
Territory with an upper level low over the Gulf of Alaska. This
pattern is indicative of a return to more seasonal temperatures
and precipitation over the southern mainland for the middle to
later part of next week.


MARINE... Gale warning 185 411




FXAK67 PAJK 201441

Southeast Alaska Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Juneau AK
641 AM AKDT Sat Jul 20 2019

.SHORT TERM.../Through Sunday night/...A weak ridge is situated
over Southeast Alaska and a broad area of low pressure with
multiple low level circulations spans the Gulf of Alaska. Aloft, a
large upper level low is located over the Gulf. The Polar Jet
remains well north while the Sub-Tropical Jet is well to the
south. A minor enhancement of easterly upper level winds exists
around the northern periphery of the upper low and easterly wave
clouds are evident in satellite imagery. As with yesterday,
convective conditions exist aloft, while solidly stratiform
conditions exist near the surface with trapped low level moisture.
Low ceilings and light winds are expected once again today.
Exception may be Lynn Canal, where a southerly wind between 10 and
20 kts continues. Periods of light rain and/or drizzle will occur
over most of the panhandle today, with drier, but continued
cloudy conditions overnight. Sunday should be a little better with
light precipitation mainly over the southern zones and along the
coast mountains up to about Tracy Arm.

Biggest change to the short term forecast was to go with a `high
PoP, low QPF` depiction in grids to reflect another day with
periods of light rain and drizzle. Changes to high temps were
made using bias corrected National Blend and GFS. No significant
changes to overnight lows. Overall forecast confidence is average.

LONG TERM.../ Monday to Saturday as of 9 pm Friday / Aloft the
general pattern is fairly similar but not progressive and not
supporting of strong features to spread across the area. An upper
level low west-southwest of Haida Gwaii roughly near 50N/140W will
weaken and drift closer to Haida Gwaii through the week. Models
diverge late week on the track of the low and how fast it will
move out.

Surface pressure pattern over the gulf and northwest Canada shows
very little in way of any pressure gradient, with weaker pressure
inland, which has been supported by the thermal heating leading
to lower pressures. By the end of the week, models try to show
the upper low in the gulf pushing off into Canada as weak ridging
builds over the northeast Gulf and Panhandle. Confidence remains
low through the end of next week as there is large model spread
in timing and placement of synoptic features.

Kept pops in the 20 to 40 percent range through the week using a
blend of the GFS/SREF for pops on Monday. No significant weather
systems are anticipated through next week. Easterly waves moving
in from the east around the upper low in the Gulf can increase
pops for certain areas next week, however at this time there is
low confidence in timing and placement of these waves. Daytime
highs are still expected to slowly climb for much of the panhandle
into the 70s for Monday and Tuesday. Slightly above average
temperatures expected for the rest of the week. Lows will not get
that cool with lows from the upper 40s to lower 50s.


.AVIATION...Light rain or drizzle is adding to the trapped
moisture for most of the Panhandle. Driest areas are N Lynn Canal
and southern terminals - PAKW and PAKT, Although there are some
low clouds there, too. A few areas of LIFR so far. Not looking
for a lot of improvement later today.


.MARINE...Earlier, N Lynn Canal kept going at 20 KT, but is now
laying down. Considering that it may ramp up again this afternoon.
If you are working on the outside the new model runs are predicting
the surface ridge building over the Gulf again by Sunday and
Sunday Night. Look for westerlies with not to much wind but 4 to 5
FT seas with a short period.


.AJK Watches/Warnings/Advisories...




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