National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

Birmingham Cold Weather Facts


 

Birmingham Freeze Facts (1985-2014/2015 Winter Season)

Freeze Facts

  • Earliest last freeze – February 3rd, 1945
  • Average date of last Spring freeze – March 25th
  • Latest Spring freezing temperature – April 23rd, 1986
  • Earliest Autumn freezing temperature - October 18th, 1948
  • Average date of first Autumn freeze - November 9th
  • Latest first freeze – January 10th, 1932

Coldest Temperature ever: -10 on February 13th, 1899

Coldest Maximum Temperature ever: 13 on December 12th, 1962

Greatest number of hours with consecutive minimum temperatures of 32 degrees or below

  • 116 hours – January 23rd-28th, 1940
  • 110 hours – January 15th-20th, 1977
  • 95 hours – February 2nd-6th, 1996
  • 92 hours – December 21st-25th, 1989
  • 89 hour – December 23rd-27th, 1983
  • 72 hours – January 9th-12th, 1982

Greatest number of days with consecutive minimum temperatures of 32 degrees or below (1895 - 2012)

  • 27 days – December 24th, 1980 – January 19th, 1981
  • 20 days – February 6th, 1968 – February 25th, 1968
  • 20 days – December 14th, 1963 – January 2nd, 1964
  • 18 days – January 26th, 1978 – February 12th, 1978
  • 17 days – January 7th, 1918 – January 23rd, 1918
  • 17 days – January 18th, 1940 – February 3rd, 1940
  • 17 days – December 29th, 1968 – January 14th, 1969
  • 17 days -- January 15th, 2014 -- January 31st, 2014

Most number of days with a minimum temperature of 32 degrees or below per month (1900 - 2012)

  • 27 days -- January 2014
  • 25 days – January 1940, December 1963, February 1968, January 1978
  • 24 days – January 1976, January 1977, January 1981, January 1985
  • 23 days – January 1948, January 1958, February 1978, February 2015 
  • 22 days – February 1947, January 1961, February 1963, December 1976, January 1984, December 1985, December 2010  
October April
4 days – 1957
5 days – 1983
3 days – 1910, 1913, 1965, 1987
4 days – 1950, 1987

 

Mean number of days with a minimum temperature of 32 degrees or below per month (1895 - 2015):  

  • January – 14
  • February – 10
  • March – 5
  • April – 1
  • October – <1
  • November – 6
  • December – 12
  • Annual – 47

At or Below Zero Degrees Readings (1895 - 2015)

  • -10 – February 13th, 1899
  • -6 – January 21st, 1985
  • -4 – January 30th, 1966
  • -4 – January 20th, 1985
  • -2 – January 24th, 1963
  • -1 – January 11th, 1982
  • 0 – January 17th, 1982

Most number of days with minimum temperature 32 degrees or below in a calendar year (1895 - 2015)

  • 81 – 1968
  • 77 – 1969
  • 75 – 1963
  • 74 – 1978
  • 73 – 2010
  • 72 – 1958

Least number of days with minimum temperature 32 degrees or below in a calendar year (1895 - 2015)

  • 20 – 1921
  • 22 – 1931, 1939
  • 23 – 1907, 1922, 1923, 1933 
  • 25 – 1897
  • 27 – 1911
  • 28 – 1944
  • 29 – 1908, 2012

Birmingham Snow Facts (1895-2015)

Top Five Snow Days

  1. 10.3” – March 13th, 1993
  2. 9.5” – January 23rd, 1940
  3. 8.1” – January 28th, 1904
  4. 8.0” – January 30th, 1936 and December 31st, 1963

Top Five Snow Events

  1. 13.0” – March 12th-13th, 1993
  2. 11.0” – January 29th-30th, 1936
  3. 9.5” – January 23rd, 1940
  4. 8.1” – January 28th, 1904
  5. 8.0” – December 31st, 1963


Earliest Snow

Trace = October 20, 1913

Measurable = November 24, 1938 & 1950

1”> November 24th, 1950

4”> December 22nd, 1929


Latest Snow

Trace = April 25, 1910

Measurable = April 3, 1987

1”> April 3rd, 1987

4”> April 3rd, 1987

Major snow events

  • 13" March 12-13, 1993
  • 11" January 29, 1936
  • 10" January 23, 1940
  • 8" December 31, 1963
  • 7" March 25, 1924
  • 6" December 22, 1929

Monthly Snow Normals (1981-2010) Average and Max (Year)  (1895 - 2015)

Month
Normal Amount
Average Amount
Max/Year
January 0.6” 0.8" 10" (1940)
February 0.1” 0.3" 11.9” (1936)
March 0.6” 0.3" 13” (1993)
April 0.2 <0.1" 8.5” (1963)
October 0.0 Trace 8.1" (1904)
November 0.0 <0.1" 7.6” (1987)
December 0.1” 0.3" 7.4” (1930)
Annual 1.6” 1.6 13.0” (1992-93 season)

 

White Christmas Data (December 22nd-27th) Christmas Day Snows are in Bold

Measurable Snow

  • 5.5' -- December 22nd, 1929
  • 1.0” – December 22nd, 1935

Trace Amounts

  • December 22nd, 1949
  • December 27th, 1950
  • December 24th, 1961
  • December 27th, 1961
  • December 22nd, 1963
  • December 23rd, 1963
  • December 24th, 1963
  • December 23rd, 1966
  • December 24th, 1966
  • December 27th, 1967
  • December 22nd, 1969
  • December 24th, 1980
  • December 24th, 1985
  • December 25th, 1989
  • December 23rd, 1990
  • December 24th, 1990
  • December 22nd, 1993
  • December 23rd, 1993
  • December 25th, 1993
  • December 23rd, 1995
  • December 24th, 1995
  • December 26th, 2000
  • December 25th, 2010
  • December 26th, 2010
  • December 26th, 2012