National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

Vigorous System Impacting the Northwest; Large System To Affect East

A potent storm system is delivering heavy rainfall, strong winds, rough surf and beach erosion along the Pacific Northwest coast with mountain snow inland. Expect a couple more systems to arrive late week into the weekend. Meanwhile, another developing large scale system will deliver a heavy rain and renewed flood threat to much of the East late Wednesday through Friday, which may impact travel. Read More >

Customize Your



National Weather Service, Eastern Region Subseries

Papers 1 to 22 are in the former series, ESSA Technical Memoranda, Eastern Region Technical Memoranda (ERTM) are available from the National Weather Service Eastern Region, Scientific Services Division, 630 Johnson Avenue, Bohemia, NY 11716. Contact Ken Johnson at ER SSD.

Papers 23 to 37 are in the former series, ESSA Technical Memoranda, Weather Bureau Technical Memoranda (WBTM). Beginning with 38, the papers are now part of the series, NOAA Technical Memoranda NWS.

Beginning with 23, the papers are available from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, Sills Bldg., 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161. Prices vary for paper copy and for microfiche. Order by accession number shown in parentheses at end of each entry.

ESSA Technical Memoranda

ERTM 1    Local Uses of Vorticity Prognoses in Weather Prediction. Carlos R. Dunn. April 1965.
ERTM 2    Application of the Barotropic Vorticity Prognostic Field to the Surface Forecast Problem. Silvio G. Simplicio. July 1965.
ERTM 3    A Technique for Deriving an Objective Precipitation Forecast Scheme for Columbus, Ohio. Robert Kuessner. September 1965.
ERTM 4    Stepwise Procedures for Developing Objective Aids for Forecasting the Probability of Precipitation. Carlos R. Dunn. November 1965.
ERTM 5    A Comparative Verification of 300 mb. Winds and Temperatures Based on NMC Computer Products Before and After Manual Processing. Silvio G. Simplicio. March 1966.
ERTM 6    Evaluation of OFDEV Technical Note No. 17. Richard M. DeAngelis. March 1966.
ERTM 7    Verification of Probability of Forecasts at Hartford, Connecticut, for the Period 1963-1965. Robert B. Wassall. March 1966.
ERTM 8    Forest-Fire Pollution Episode in West Virginia, November 8-12, 1964. Robert O. Weedfall. April 1966.
ERTM 9    The Utilization of Radar in Meso-Scale Synoptic Analysis and Forecasting. Jerry D. Hill.    March 1966.
ERTM 10    Preliminary Evaluation of Probability of Precipitation Experiment. Carlos R. Dunn. May 1966.
ERTM 11    Final Report. A Comparative Verification of 300 mb. Winds and Temperatures Based on NMC Computer Products Before and After Manual Processing. Silvio G.Simplicio. May 1966.
ERTM 12    Summary of Scientific Services Division Development Work in Sub-Synoptic Scale Analysis and Prediction - Fiscal Year 1966. Fred L. Zuckerberg.
ERTM 13    A Survey of the Role of Non-Adiabatic Heating and Cooling in Relation of the Development of Mid-Latitude Synoptic Systems. Constantine Zois. July 1966.
ERTM 14    The Forecasting of Extratropical Onshore Gales at the Virginia Capes. Glen V. Sachse. August 1966.
ERTM 15    Solar Radiation and Clover Temperatures. Alex J. Kish. September 1966.
ERTM 16    The Effects of Dams, Reservoirs and Levees on River Forecasting. Richard M. Greening. September 1966.
ERTM 17    Use of Reflectivity Measurements and Reflectivity Profiles for Determining Severe Storms. Robert E. Hamilton. October 1966.
ERTM 18    Procedure for Developing a Nomograph for Use in Forecasting Phenological Events from Growing Degree Days. John C. Purvis and Milton Brown. December 1966.
ERTM 19    Snowfall Statistics for Williamsport, Pa. Jack Hummel. January 1967
ERTM 20    Forecasting Maturity Date of Snap Beans in South Carolina. Alex J. Kish. March 1967.
ERTM 21    New England Coastal Fog. Richard Fay. April 1967.
ERTM 22    Rainfall Probability at Five Stations Near Pickens, South Carolina, 1957-1963. John C. Purvis. April 1967.
WBTM ER 23    A Study of the Effect of Sea Surface Temperature on the Areal Distribution of Radar Detected Precipitation Over the South Carolina Coastal Waters. Edward Paquet. June 1967. (PB-180-612).
WBTM ER 24    An Example of Radar as a Tool in Forecasting Tidal Flooding. Edward P. Johnson. August 1967 (PB-180-613).
WBTM ER 25    Average Mixing Depths and Transport Wind Speeds over Eastern United States in 1965. Marvin E. Miller. August 1967. (PB-180-614).
WBTM ER 26    The Sleet Bright Band. Donald Marier. October 1967. (PB-180-615).
WBTM ER 27    A Study of Areas of Maximum Echo Tops in the Washington, D.C. Area During the Spring and Fall Months. Marie D. Fellechner. April 1968. (PB-179-339).
WBTM ER 28    Washington Metropolitan Area Precipitation and Temperature Patterns. C.A. Woollum and N.L. Canfield. June 1968. (PB-179-340).
WBTM ER 29    Climatological Regime of Rainfall Associated with Hurricanes after Landfall. Robert W. Schoner. June 1968. (PB-179-341).
WBTM ER 30    Monthly Precipitation - Amount Probabilities for Selected Stations in Virginia. M.H. Bailey. June 1968. (PB-179-342).
WBTM ER 31    A Study of the Areal Distribution of Radar Detected Precipitation at Charleston, S.C. S.K. Parrish and M.A. Lopez. October 1968. (PB-180-480).
WBTM ER 32    The Meteorological and Hydrological Aspects of the May 1968 New Jersey Floods. Albert S. Kachic and William Long. February 1969. (Revised July 1970). (PB-194-222).
WBTM ER 33    A Climatology of Weather that Affects Prescribed Burning Operations at Columbia, South Carolina. S.E. Wasserman and J.D. Kanupp. December 1968. (COM-71-00194).
WBTM ER 34    A Review of Use of Radar in Detection of Tornadoes and Hail. R.E. Hamilton. December 1969. (PB-188-315).
WBTM ER 35    Objective Forecasts of Precipitation Using PE Model Output. Stanley E. Wasserman. July 1970. (PB-193-378).
WBTM ER 36    Summary of Radar Echoes in 1967 Near Buffalo, N.Y. Richard K. Sheffield. September 1970. (COM-71-00310).
WBTM ER 37    Objective Mesoscale Temperature Forecasts. Joseph P. Sobel. September 1970. (COM-71-0074).

NOAA Technical Memoranda NWS

NWS    ER 38    Use of Primitive Equation Model Output to Forecast Winter Precipitation in the Northeast Coastal Sections of the United States. Stanley E. Wasserman and Harvey Rosenblum. December 1970. (COM-71-00138).
NWS    ER 39    A Preliminary Climatology of Air Quality in Ohio. Marvin E. Miller. January 1971. (COM-71-00204).
NWS    ER 40    Use of Detailed Radar Intensity Data in Mesoscale Surface Analysis. Robert E. Hamilton. March 1971. (COM-71-00573).
NWS    ER 41    A Relationship Between Snow Accumulation and Snow Intensity as Determined from Visibility. Stanley E. Wasserman and Daniel J. Monte. (COM-71-00763).
NWS    ER 42    A Case Study of Radar Determined Rainfall as Compared to Rain Gage Measurements. Martin Ross. July 1971.(COM-71-00897).
NWS    ER 43    Snow Squalls in the Lee of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Jerry D. Hill. August 1971. (COM-72-00959).
NWS    ER 44    Forecasting Precipitation Type at Greer, South Carolina. John C. Purvis. December 1971. (COM-72-10332).
NWS    ER 45    Forecasting Type of Precipitation. Stanley E. Wasserman. January 1972. (COM-72-10316).


NWS    ER 46    An Objective Method of Forecasting Summertime Thunderstorms. John F. Townsend and Russell J. Younkin. May 1972. (COM-72-10765).
NWS    ER 47    An Objective Method of Preparing Cloud Cover Forecasts. James R. Sims. August 1972. (COM-72-11382).
NWS    ER 48    Accuracy of Automated Temperature Forecasts for Philadelphia as Related to Sky Condition and Wind Direction. Robert B. Wassall. September 1972. (COM-72-11473).
NWS    ER 49    A Procedure for Improving National Meteorological Center Objective Precipitation Forecasts. Joseph A. Ronco, Jr. November 1972. (COM-73-10132).
NWS    ER 50    PEATMOS Probability of Precipitation Forecasts as an Aid in Predicting Precipitation Amounts. Stanley E. Wasserman. December 1972. (COM-73-10243).
NWS    ER 51    Frequency and Intensity of Freezing Rain/Drizzle in Ohio. Marvin E. Miller. February 1973. (COM-73-10570).
NWS    ER 52    Forecast and Warning Utilization of Radar Remote Facsimile Data. Robert E. Hamilton. July 1973. (COM-73-11275).
NWS    ER 53    Summary of 1969 and 1970 Public Severe Thunderstorm and Tornado Watches Within the National Weather Service, Eastern Region. Marvin E. Miller and Lewis H. Ramey. October 1973. (COM-74-10160)
NWS    ER 54    A Procedure for Improving National Meteorological Center Objective Precipitation Forecasts - Winter Season. Joseph A. Ronco, Jr. November 1973. (COM-74-10200).
NWS    ER 55    Cause and Prediction of Beach Erosion. Stanley E. Wasserman and David B. Gilhousen. December 1973.(COM-74-10036).
NWS    ER 56    Biometeorological Factors Affecting the Development and Spread of Planet Diseases. V.J. Valli. July 1974. (COM-74-11625/AS).
NWS    ER 57    Heavy Fall and Winter Rain In The Carolina Mountains. David B. Gilhousen. October 1974. (COM-74-11761/AS).
NWS    ER 58    An Analysis of Forecasters' Propensities In Maximum/Minimum Temperature Forecasts. I. Randy Racer. November 1974. COM-75-10063/AS).
NWS    ER 59    Digital Radar Data and its Application in Flash Flood Potential. David D. Sisk. March 1975. (COM-75-10582/AS).
NWS    ER 60    Use of Radar Information in Determining Flash Flood Potential. Stanley E. Wasserman. December 1975. (PB250071/AS).
NWS    ER 61    Improving Short-Range Precipitation Guidance During the Summer Months. David B. Gilhousen. March 1976. (PB256427).
NWS    ER 62    Locally Heavy Snow Downwind from Cooling Towers. Reese E. Otts. December 1976. (PB263390/AS).
NWS    ER 63    Snow in West Virginia. Marvin E. Miller. January 1977. (PB265419/AS).
NWS    ER 64    Wind Forecasting for the Monongahela National Forest. Donald E. Risher. August 1977. (PB272138/AS).
NWS    ER 65    A Procedure for Spraying Spruce Budworms in Maine during Stable Wind Conditions. Monte Glovinsky. May 1980. (PB80-203243).
NWS    ER 66    Contributing Factors to the 1980-81 Water Supply Drought, Northeast U.S. Solomon G. Summer. June 1981. (PB82-172974).
NWS    ER 67    A Computer Calculation and Display System for SLOSH Hurricane Surge Model Data. John F. Townsend. May 1984. (PB84-198753).
NWS    ER 68    A Comparison Among Various Thermodynamic Parameters for the Prediction of Convective Activity. Hugh M. Stone. April 1985. (PB85-206217/AS).
NWS    ER 69    A Comparison Among Various Thermodynamic Parameters for the Prediction of Convective Activity, Part II. Hugh M. Stone. December 1985. (PB86-142353/AS).
NWS    ER 70    Hurricane Gloria's Potential Storm Surge. Anthony G. Gigi and David A. Wert. July 1986. (PB86-226644/AS).
NWS    ER 71    Washington Metropolitan Wind Study 1981-1986. Clarence Burke, Jr. and Carl C. Ewald. February 1987. (PB87-151908/AS).
NWS    ER 72    Mesoscale Forecasting Topics. Hugh M. Stone. March 1987. (PB87-180246/AS).
NWS    ER 73    A Procedure for Improving First Period Model Output Statistics Precipitation Forecasts. Antonio J. Lacroix and Joseph A. Ronco. Jr. April 1987. (PB87-180238/AS).
NWS    ER 74    The Climatology of Lake Erie's South Shoreline. John Kwiatkowski. June 1987. (PB87-205514/AS).
NWS    ER 75    Wind Shear as a Predictor of Severe Weather for the Eastern United States. Hugh M. Stone. January 1988. (PB88-157144).
NWS    ER 76    Is There A Temperature Relationship Between Autumn and the Following Winter? Anthony Gigi. February 1988. (PB88-173224).
NWS    ER 77    River Stage Data for South Carolina. Clara Cillentine. April 1988. (PB88-201991/AS).
NWS    ER 78    National Weather Service Philadelphia Forecast Office 1987 NOAA Weather Radio Survey & Questionnaire. Robert P. Wanton. October 1988. (PB89-111785/AS).
NWS    ER 79    An Examination of NGM Low Level Temperature. Joseph A. Ronco, Jr. November 1988. (PB89- 122543/AS).
NWS    ER 80    Relationship of Wind Shear, Buoyancy, and Radar Tops to Severe Weather 1988. Hugh M. Stone. November 1988. (PB89-1222419/AS).
NWS    ER 81    Relation of Wind Field and Buoyancy to Rainfall Inferred from Radar. Hugh M. Stone. April 1989. (PB89-208326/AS).
NWS    ER 82    Second National Winter Weather Workshop, 26-30 Sept. 1988: Postprints. Laurence G. Lee. June 1989.(PB90-147414/AS).
NWS    ER 83    A Historical Account of Tropical Cyclones that Have Impacted North Carolina Since 1586. James D. Stevenson. July 1990. (PB90-259201).
NWS    ER 84    A Seasonal Analysis of the Performance of the Probability of Precipitation Type Guidance System. George J. Maglaras and Barry S. Goldsmith. September 1990. (PB93-160802)
NWS    ER 85    The Use of ADAP to Examine Warm and Quasi-Stationary Frontal Events in the Northeastern United States. David R. Vallee. July 1991. (PB91-225037)
NWS    ER 86    Rhode Island Hurricanes and Tropical Storms A Fifty-Six Year Summary 1936-0991. David R. Vallee. March 1993. (PB93-162006)
NWS    ER 87    Post-print Volume, Third National Heavy Precipitation Workshop, 16-20 Nov. 1992. April 1993. (PB93-186625)
NWS    ER 88    A Synoptic and Mesoscale Examination of the Northern New England Winter Storm of 29-30 January 1990. Robert A. Marine and Steven J. Capriola. July 1994. (PB94-209426)
NWS    ER 89    An Initial Comparison of Manual and Automated Surface Observing System Observations at the Atlantic City, New Jersey International Airport. James C. Hayes and Stephan C. Kuhl. January 1995. (PB95-213492)
NWS    ER 90    Numerical Simulation Studies of the Mesoscale Environment Conducive to the Raleigh Tornado. Michael L. Kaplan, Robert A. Rozumalski, Ronald P. Weglarz, Yuh-Lang Lin, Steven Businger, and Rodney F. Gonski. November 1995.
NWS    ER 91    A Climatology of Non-Convective High wind Events in Western New York State. Thomas A. Niziol and Thomas J. Paone. April 2000. (PB2000-106392)
NWS    ER 92    Tropical Cyclones Affecting North Carolina Since 1586 - An Historical Perspective. James E. Hudgins. April 2000. (PB2000-106393)
NWS    ER 93    A Severe Weather Climatology for the Wilmington, North Carolina WFO County Warning Area. Carl R. Morgan. October 2001. (PB2002-101441)
NWS    ER 94    Surface-based Rain, Wind, and Pressure Fields in Tropical Cyclones over North Carolina since 1989. Joel Cline. June 2002. (PB2004-100997)
NWS    ER 95    A Severe Weather Climatology for the Charleston, South Carolina, WFO County Warning Area. Stephen Brueske, Lauren Plourd, Matthew Volkmer. July 2002. (PB2004-100998)
NWS ER 96      A Severe Weather Climatology for the WFO Wakefield, VA County Warning Area. Brian T. Cullen. May 2003. (PB2003-105462)
NWS ER 97      Severe Weather Climatology for the Columbia, SC WFO County Warning Area. Leonard C. Vaughan. September 2003. (PB2004-100999)
NWS ER 98        Climatology of Heavy Rainfall Associated with Tropical Cyclones Affecting the Central Appalachians. James Hudgins, Steve Keighton, Kenneth Kostura, Jan Jackson. September 2005. (PB2005-110418)

NWS ER 99        A Severe Weather Climatology for the WFO Blacksburg, Virginia, County Warning Area. Robert Stonefield, James Hudgins. January 2007.
NWS ER 100      Tropical Cyclones Affecting North Carolina Since 1586 - an Historical Perspective. James Hudgins. October 2007.
NWS ER 101     A Severe Weather Climatology for the Raleigh, NC, County Warning Area. Clyde Brandon Locklear. May 2008.
NWS ER 102     A Severe Weather Climatology for the Wilmington, OH WFO County Warning Area (1950-2004). Michael D. Ryan.  May 2008.

NWS ER 103     A Climatology of Flash Flood Events for the National Weather Service Eastern Region. Alan M. Cope  June 2009.
NWS ER 104     An Abbreviated Flash Flood/Flood Climatology (1994-2007) for the WFO Blacksburg, VA County Warning Area. Robert Stonefield and Jan Jackson.   September 2009.
NWS ER 105     Dense Fog Climatology for the Blue Ridge Foothills and Piedmont Areas of the Blacksburg, VA County Warning Area for the Period 1973-2008. Jan Jackson, Ken Kostura and William Perry. February 2011.

NWS ER 106     Climatology of Storm Data Events for the NWS Mount Holly Forecast Area. Al Cope. March 2016.

Other Region's Technical Memorandum