National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

How to Report

There are a variety of ways to report weather to the NWS office in Blacksburg, VA. You can use any/all of these to reach us, though the web based form is preferable. Below the contact info are the types of information we'd like you to report. Please be sure to include the location of the weather event, e.g. 5 miles northwest of Columbus. You may also indicate if you are a trained spotter, a ham radio operator, a member of law enforcement, or other affiliation if applicable. Also use the tabs below for what reports we are looking for. 


Submit Report
Use this Web Based Form: Submit Report
Please only select the options below if you are not able to utilize the preferred "Submit Report" option above.


Tornado: A violently rotating column of air extending from a thunderstorm cloud to the ground. The Enhanced Fujita Tornado Intensity Scale is used to categorize tornadoes

Funnel Cloud: A condensation funnel extending from the base of a towering cumulus or cumulonimbus, associated with a rotating column of air that is not in contact with the ground (and hence different from a tornado). A condensation funnel is a tornado, not a funnel cloud, if either a) it is in contact with the ground or b) a debris cloud or dust whirl is visible beneath it.

Wind Damage

What kind of damage did the wind cause?

  • Small limbs down (less than 4" in diameter)
  • Large limbs/branches down (4" or in diameter)
  • Trees snapped or uprooted
  • Power lines down
  • Structural damage and/or Roof damage


What size hail did you see?

  • Pea Size: 0.25 inches
  • Small Marble: 0.50 inches
  • Penny: 0.75 inches 
  • Nickel: 0.88 inches
    Any hail size at or above a Quarter (1.00 inches) is severe thunderstorm criteria:
  • Quarter: 1.00 inches
  • Half Dollar: 1.25 inches
  • Ping Pong Ball: 1.50
  • Golf Ball: 1.75 inches
  • Hen Egg: 2.00 inches
  • Tennis Ball: 2.50 inches
  • Baseball: 2.75 inches
  • Grapefruit: 4.00 inches
  • Softball: 4.50 inches


What kind of flooding was observed?

  • Minor street flooding
  • Low water crossings flooded
  • Widespread flooding
  • Home/Business flooded
  • Creek/Stream out of banks
  • River out of banks

Heavy Rain

  • How much rain fell, (e.g. 1.50").
  • What period of time did the rain fall? (e.g. 1 hour 15 minutes.)
  • Was the rainfall measurement estimated or measured with equipment?

Snow Info

  • How much snow fell (to nearest tenth of an inch if possible), e.g. 3.5".
  • What period of time did the snow fall? (e.g. 1 hour 15 minutes.)
  • What time did you measure/observe 4" to 5" of snowfall? (e.g. 4:30 PM.)
  • Was the snowfall measurement estimated or measured?

Freezing Rain/Icing

  • How much icing was observed (to nearest tenth of an inch if possible), e.g. 0.5".
  • What period of time did the ice accumulate? (e.g. 2 hours 30 minutes.)
  • What time did a 1/4 inch of ice occur (e.g. 4:30PM)
  • Was the ice measurement estimated or measured?