National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

Soaring Forecast for Albuquerque NM
National Weather Service Albuquerque NM
1915 MDT Sunday June 13 2021

This forecast is for Monday, June 14, 2021:

If the trigger temperature of 88.5 F/31.4 C is reached...then
   Thermal Soaring Index....................... Fair
   Maximum rate of lift........................ 1549 ft/min (7.9 m/s)
   Maximum height of thermals.................. 21696 ft MSL (16018 ft AGL)

Forecast maximum temperature................... 100.0 F/38.2 C
Time of trigger temperature.................... 1200 MDT
Time of overdevelopment........................ None
Middle/high clouds during soaring window....... None
Surface winds during soaring window............ More than 30 mph
Height of the -3 thermal index................. 18118 ft MSL (12440 ft AGL)
Thermal soaring outlook for Tuesday 06/15...... Excellent


Remarks... 

Sunrise/Sunset.................... 05:51:56 / 20:21:51 MDT
Total possible sunshine........... 14 hr 29 min 56 sec (869 min 56 sec)
Altitude of sun at 13:06:54 MDT... 78.17 degrees

Upper air data from numerical model forecast valid on 06/14/2021 at 0600 MDT

Freezing level.................. 17096 ft MSL (11418 ft AGL)
Convective condensation level... 20349 ft MSL (14671 ft AGL)
Lifted condensation level....... 21127 ft MSL (15449 ft AGL)
Lifted index.................... -1.6
K index......................... +3.3

Height  Temperature  Wind  Wind Spd  Lapse Rate  ConvectionT  Thermal  Lift Rate
ft MSL  deg C deg F   Dir   kt  m/s  C/km F/kft  deg C deg F   Index    fpm  m/s
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000  -66.7 -88.1   155   11    5   3.1   1.7   77.8 172.1    23.6      M    M
 45000  -60.7 -77.3   170    7    4   5.7   3.1   64.5 148.1    16.8      M    M
 40000  -52.0 -61.6   110    4    2   4.6   2.5   54.7 130.5    11.4      M    M
 38000  -49.2 -56.6   035    6    3   4.6   2.5   50.1 122.1     8.5      M    M
 36000  -46.4 -51.5   015   11    6   6.9   3.8   46.2 115.1     5.9      M    M
 34000  -41.2 -42.2   010   10    5   8.7   4.8   45.0 113.0     5.3      M    M
 32000  -35.9 -32.6   005    9    5   8.7   4.8   44.4 111.9     4.9      M    M
 30000  -30.7 -23.3   015    9    5   8.7   4.8   43.4 110.1     4.3      M    M
 29000  -28.1 -18.6   025    9    4   8.7   4.8   43.0 109.4     4.0      M    M
 28000  -25.6 -14.1   030    8    4   8.0   4.4   42.6 108.7     3.8      M    M
 27000  -23.2  -9.8   035    8    4   8.1   4.4   41.9 107.4     3.2      M    M
 26000  -20.7  -5.3   035    7    3   8.1   4.4   41.3 106.3     2.8      M    M
 25000  -17.7   0.1   045    6    3   7.6   4.2   40.6 105.0     2.2      M    M
 24000  -15.4   4.3   045    4    2   7.7   4.2   39.7 103.5     1.5      M    M
 23000  -13.2   8.2   045    3    2   7.7   4.2   39.0 102.2     0.9      M    M
 22000  -11.0  12.2   045    2    1   6.5   3.6   38.2 100.8     0.3      M    M
 21000   -9.0  15.8   035    2    1   6.7   3.7   37.0  98.7    -0.8   1482  7.5
 20000   -7.1  19.2   020    3    1   6.8   3.7   36.0  96.8    -1.7   1394  7.1
 19500   -6.1  21.0   015    3    1   7.5   4.1   35.6  96.0    -2.2   1350  6.9
 19000   -4.9  23.2   010    3    1   7.8   4.3   35.2  95.4    -2.5   1300  6.6
 18500   -3.8  25.2   005    3    1   7.8   4.3   34.9  94.8    -2.8   1251  6.4
 18000   -2.5  27.5   360    3    1   9.3   5.1   34.7  94.5    -3.0   1198  6.1
 17500   -1.1  30.0   355    3    1   9.2   5.0   34.6  94.3    -3.2   1142  5.8
 17000    0.2  32.4   350    3    1   9.5   5.2   34.5  94.2    -3.2   1086  5.5
 16500    1.7  35.1   350    3    1   9.7   5.3   34.5  94.1    -3.3   1028  5.2
 16000    3.2  37.8   350    3    2   9.7   5.3   34.5  94.2    -3.3    969  4.9
 15500    4.6  40.3   350    3    2   9.5   5.2   34.5  94.1    -3.4    912  4.6
 15000    6.0  42.8   350    4    2   9.6   5.3   34.5  94.0    -3.4    854  4.3
 14500    7.4  45.3   350    5    2   8.9   4.9   34.4  93.9    -3.5    798  4.1
 14000    8.8  47.8   350    5    3   8.9   4.9   34.2  93.6    -3.6    742  3.8
 13500   10.1  50.2   350    6    3   8.7   4.8   34.1  93.4    -3.7    687  3.5
 13000   11.4  52.5   345    6    3   8.6   4.7   33.9  93.0    -3.9    633  3.2
 12500   12.7  54.9   345    6    3   8.4   4.6   33.7  92.7    -4.1    579  2.9
 12000   14.0  57.2   340    7    3   8.2   4.5   33.5  92.3    -4.3    527  2.7
 11500   15.2  59.4   335    7    3   8.0   4.4   33.2  91.8    -4.6    475  2.4
 11000   16.3  61.3   330    7    4   7.7   4.2   32.9  91.3    -4.9    426  2.2
 10500   17.5  63.5   325    7    4   7.9   4.3   32.6  90.8    -5.2    376  1.9
 10250   18.1  64.6   325    7    4   7.3   4.0   32.5  90.4    -5.4    352  1.8
 10000   18.6  65.5   325    7    4   7.0   3.9   32.3  90.1    -5.7    330  1.7
  9750   19.1  66.4   320    7    4   7.3   4.0   32.0  89.7    -5.9    307  1.6
  9500   19.6  67.3   320    7    4   6.8   3.7   31.8  89.3    -6.2    285  1.4
  9250   20.0  68.0   320    7    3   6.5   3.6   31.6  88.9    -6.5    265  1.3
  9000   20.9  69.6   320    6    3   7.1   3.9   31.1  88.0    -7.1    222  1.1
  8750   21.4  70.5   315    6    3   5.8   3.2   30.9  87.6    -7.4    201  1.0
  8500   21.7  71.1   315    6    3   5.3   2.9   30.5  87.0    -7.8    184  0.9
  8250   22.1  71.8   315    5    3   6.2   3.4   30.2  86.4    -8.1    165  0.8
  8000   22.5  72.5   315    4    2   6.7   3.7   30.0  85.9    -8.5    145  0.7
  7750   22.9  73.2   315    3    2   4.1   2.3   29.7  85.5    -8.8    126  0.6
  7500   23.0  73.4   320    3    2   1.4   0.7   29.1  84.4    -9.5    116  0.6
  7250   23.1  73.6   320    2    1   2.3   1.3   28.5  83.3   -10.1    105  0.5
  7000   23.2  73.8   325    2    1   2.3   1.2   27.9  82.3   -10.8     94  0.5
  6750   23.4  74.1   325    1    1   2.8   1.5   27.4  81.3   -11.4     82  0.4
  6500   23.6  74.5   325    1    0   2.3   1.3   26.9  80.4   -11.9     69  0.4
  6250   23.7  74.7   330    1    0   4.1   2.2   26.3  79.4   -12.5     56  0.3
  6000   23.8  74.8   015    1    0  -7.5  -4.1   25.7  78.2   -13.2     47  0.2
  5750   20.6  69.1   000    0    0 -98.8 -54.2   21.7  71.1   -17.2    137  0.7
  5500      M     M     M    M    M     M     M      M     M       M      M    M

 * * * * * * Numerical weather prediction model forecast data valid * * * * * * 

           06/14/2021 at 0900 MDT          |       06/14/2021 at 1200 MDT        
                                           |
CAPE...   +10.1    LI...       +0.7        | CAPE...   +58.7    LI...       +0.5
CINH...   -95.8    K Index...  -1.8        | CINH...   -15.8    K Index...  +5.2
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -66.5 -87.7  160  11  6   4.0   2.2 | -65.8 -86.4  155  12  6   4.3   2.3
 45000 -60.1 -76.2  180   7  3   4.7   2.6 | -59.4 -74.9  155   7  4   3.5   1.9
 40000 -52.5 -62.5  175   3  2   5.8   3.2 | -53.3 -63.9  125   3  1   6.5   3.6
 38000 -48.9 -56.0  065   4  2   5.8   3.2 | -49.4 -56.9  070   5  3   6.5   3.6
 36000 -45.4 -49.7  050  10  5   6.8   3.7 | -45.5 -49.9  055   9  4   7.4   4.1
 34000 -40.8 -41.4  045  11  6   7.7   4.2 | -40.6 -41.1  055  11  6   8.1   4.5
 32000 -36.2 -33.2  040  12  6   7.9   4.3 | -35.7 -32.3  050  13  7   8.2   4.5
 30000 -31.0 -23.8  040  11  6   8.6   4.7 | -30.6 -23.1  050  12  6   8.5   4.6
 29000 -28.4 -19.1  040  11  6   8.7   4.7 | -28.1 -18.6  055  11  6   8.5   4.7
 28000 -25.9 -14.6  040  11  6   7.5   4.1 | -25.2 -13.4  055  10  5   7.0   3.9
 27000 -23.1  -9.6  040   9  5   7.6   4.2 | -23.1  -9.6  055   9  5   7.0   3.8
 26000 -20.8  -5.4  040   8  4   7.6   4.2 | -21.0  -5.8  055   8  4   7.0   3.8
 25000 -18.5  -1.3  040   7  4   7.7   4.2 | -18.9  -2.0  050   7  3   7.0   3.9
 24000 -16.2   2.8  040   6  3   7.7   4.2 | -16.8   1.8  050   5  3   7.1   3.9
 23000 -13.9   7.0  035   5  3   7.7   4.2 | -14.7   5.5  050   4  2   7.1   3.9
 22000 -11.7  10.9  035   4  2   7.0   3.8 | -12.5   9.5  050   4  2   8.4   4.6
 21000  -9.6  14.7  040   4  2   7.1   3.9 | -10.1  13.8  050   4  2   8.3   4.5
 20000  -7.5  18.5  040   4  2   7.1   3.9 |  -7.6  18.3  050   4  2   8.3   4.5
 19500  -6.4  20.5  040   4  2   8.3   4.6 |  -6.4  20.5  045   5  2   8.7   4.8
 19000  -5.1  22.8  030   4  2   8.7   4.8 |  -5.0  23.0  040   5  2   8.8   4.8
 18500  -3.8  25.2  025   4  2   8.7   4.8 |  -3.7  25.3  040   5  3   8.9   4.9
 18000  -2.5  27.5  015   4  2   9.2   5.0 |  -2.4  27.7  030   5  3   9.3   5.1
 17500  -1.1  30.0  005   4  2   9.2   5.0 |  -1.0  30.2  025   6  3   9.2   5.1
 17000   0.3  32.5  360   5  2   9.4   5.1 |   0.4  32.7  020   6  3   9.2   5.1
 16500   1.7  35.1  360   5  2   9.5   5.2 |   1.8  35.2  020   6  3   9.2   5.1
 16000   3.1  37.6  360   5  3   9.5   5.2 |   3.2  37.8  015   7  3   9.3   5.1
 15500   4.6  40.3  360   5  3   9.6   5.3 |   4.6  40.3  015   7  3   9.3   5.1
 15000   6.0  42.8  360   6  3   9.6   5.3 |   6.0  42.8  010   7  4   9.3   5.1
 14500   7.4  45.3  360   6  3   9.3   5.1 |   7.4  45.3  010   7  4   9.4   5.2
 14000   8.9  48.0  360   6  3   9.3   5.1 |   8.8  47.8  015   7  4   9.4   5.2
 13500  10.3  50.5  360   6  3   9.3   5.1 |  10.2  50.4  015   7  4   9.4   5.1
 13000  11.7  53.1  360   6  3   9.2   5.1 |  11.6  52.9  015   7  4   9.4   5.1
 12500  13.1  55.6  005   7  3   8.7   4.8 |  13.0  55.4  015   7  4   9.3   5.1
 12000  14.3  57.7  005   7  4   8.4   4.6 |  14.4  57.9  015   7  4   9.2   5.0
 11500  15.6  60.1  005   8  4   7.7   4.2 |  15.8  60.4  020   7  3   8.8   4.8
 11000  16.6  61.9  005   8  4   6.6   3.6 |  17.0  62.6  015   6  3   8.1   4.4
 10500  17.7  63.9  010   8  4   7.0   3.8 |  18.3  64.9  015   6  3   8.8   4.9
 10250  18.1  64.6  010   7  4   5.3   2.9 |  19.4  66.9  015   5  3   7.1   3.9
 10000  18.4  65.1  010   7  3   5.0   2.8 |  19.9  67.8  015   5  3   7.8   4.3
  9750  18.8  65.8  010   6  3   5.3   2.9 |  20.4  68.7  015   4  2   5.5   3.0
  9500  19.4  66.9  010   5  3   4.4   2.4 |  20.7  69.3  020   4  2   5.6   3.1
  9250  19.7  67.5  010   5  2   4.9   2.7 |  21.2  70.2  020   3  2   7.9   4.3
  9000  19.9  67.8  010   4  2   5.0   2.8 |  21.7  71.1  015   3  1   7.6   4.2
  8750  20.2  68.4  010   3  2   4.7   2.6 |  22.2  72.0  015   2  1   6.7   3.7
  8500  20.5  68.9  005   3  1   4.7   2.6 |  22.7  72.9  015   2  1   8.2   4.5
  8250  20.8  69.4  005   2  1   5.1   2.8 |  23.4  74.1  010   2  1  10.4   5.7
  8000  21.2  70.2  360   2  1   5.3   2.9 |  24.2  75.6  010   2  1  10.0   5.5
  7750  21.5  70.7  350   1  1   4.2   2.3 |  24.9  76.8  360   1  1   9.2   5.0
  7500  21.7  71.1  335   1  0   4.4   2.4 |  25.5  77.9  360   1  1   9.0   5.0
  7250  22.1  71.8  315   1  0   7.3   4.0 |  26.3  79.3  355   1  1  10.6   5.8
  7000  22.7  72.9  300   1  0   8.7   4.8 |  27.1  80.8  350   1  1  10.9   6.0
  6750  23.3  73.9  285   1  0   9.1   5.0 |  27.9  82.2  345   1  1  10.3   5.6
  6500  24.0  75.2  280   1  0   9.6   5.2 |  28.6  83.5  340   1  1  10.4   5.7
  6250  24.7  76.5  275   1  0   9.1   5.0 |  29.4  84.9  340   1  1   9.3   5.1
  6000  25.4  77.7  275   1  0  12.2   6.7 |  30.1  86.2  335   1  1  13.3   7.3
  5750  26.9  80.4  270   1  0  32.7  18.0 |  32.2  90.0  315   1  1  52.9  29.0
  5500     M     M    M   M  M     M     M |     M     M    M   M  M     M     M

           06/14/2021 at 1500 MDT          |       06/14/2021 at 1800 MDT        
                                           |
CAPE...    +3.2    LI...       -0.3        | CAPE...    +2.9    LI...       -0.8
CINH...    -0.0    K Index...  +9.2        | CINH...    -0.5    K Index...  +8.2
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -66.2 -87.2  160  14  7   4.4   2.4 | -66.1 -87.0  155  12  6   3.8   2.1
 45000 -59.8 -75.6  160   9  4   3.5   1.9 | -60.0 -76.0  155   9  4   4.0   2.2
 40000 -53.7 -64.7  080   3  2   6.7   3.7 | -53.3 -63.9  090   3  1   6.7   3.7
 38000 -49.6 -57.3  060   5  3   6.7   3.7 | -49.3 -56.7  060   3  2   6.7   3.7
 36000 -45.6 -50.1  055   7  4   7.5   4.1 | -45.2 -49.4  045   4  2   7.6   4.1
 34000 -40.7 -41.3  060  10  5   8.1   4.4 | -40.3 -40.5  060   8  4   8.2   4.5
 32000 -35.8 -32.4  065  13  7   8.2   4.5 | -35.4 -31.7  065  12  6   8.2   4.5
 30000 -30.7 -23.3  060  12  6   8.6   4.7 | -30.5 -22.9  070  11  6   8.3   4.5
 29000 -28.1 -18.6  060  11  6   8.6   4.7 | -28.0 -18.4  070  11  6   8.3   4.5
 28000 -25.1 -13.2  060  10  5   7.2   4.0 | -25.1 -13.2  070  10  5   6.8   3.7
 27000 -23.0  -9.4  055   9  5   7.2   3.9 | -23.1  -9.6  065  10  5   6.8   3.7
 26000 -20.8  -5.4  055   8  4   7.2   3.9 | -21.2  -6.2  060   9  5   6.8   3.7
 25000 -18.7  -1.7  055   7  4   6.8   3.7 | -19.1  -2.4  055   8  4   7.6   4.2
 24000 -16.7   1.9  050   6  3   6.9   3.8 | -16.9   1.6  050   7  4   7.6   4.2
 23000 -14.7   5.5  040   5  3   7.0   3.8 | -14.7   5.5  045   6  3   7.7   4.2
 22000 -12.5   9.5  035   5  3   9.0   5.0 | -12.3   9.9  035   5  3   9.5   5.2
 21000  -9.9  14.2  035   5  2   8.9   4.9 |  -9.5  14.9  030   5  2   9.4   5.1
 20000  -7.2  19.0  040   5  2   8.9   4.9 |  -6.6  20.1  030   4  2   9.4   5.1
 19500  -5.9  21.4  040   5  2   9.1   5.0 |  -5.2  22.6  025   4  2   9.6   5.3
 19000  -4.5  23.9  040   5  2   9.2   5.0 |  -3.8  25.2  025   4  2   9.7   5.3
 18500  -3.2  26.2  035   5  2   9.2   5.0 |  -2.3  27.9  020   4  2   9.7   5.3
 18000  -1.8  28.8  035   5  2   9.4   5.2 |  -0.8  30.6  020   4  2   9.6   5.3
 17500  -0.4  31.3  035   4  2   9.4   5.2 |   0.6  33.1  015   4  2   9.6   5.3
 17000   1.1  34.0  035   4  2   9.5   5.2 |   2.1  35.8  015   4  2   9.7   5.3
 16500   2.5  36.5  030   4  2   9.6   5.3 |   3.5  38.3  010   4  2   9.8   5.4
 16000   3.9  39.0  030   4  2   9.6   5.3 |   5.0  41.0  010   3  2   9.8   5.4
 15500   5.4  41.7  025   4  2   9.7   5.3 |   6.5  43.7  010   3  2   9.8   5.4
 15000   6.8  44.2  025   4  2   9.7   5.3 |   7.9  46.2  005   3  2   9.8   5.4
 14500   8.3  46.9  025   4  2   9.6   5.3 |   9.4  48.9  005   3  2   9.7   5.3
 14000   9.7  49.5  025   4  2   9.6   5.3 |  10.9  51.6  360   3  2   9.7   5.3
 13500  11.2  52.2  020   4  2   9.6   5.2 |  12.3  54.1  360   3  2   9.7   5.3
 13000  12.6  54.7  020   4  2   9.5   5.2 |  13.8  56.8  355   3  2   9.7   5.3
 12500  14.0  57.2  020   4  2   9.6   5.3 |  15.2  59.4  355   3  2   9.7   5.3
 12000  15.5  59.9  015   4  2   9.7   5.3 |  16.7  62.1  350   3  2   9.6   5.3
 11500  16.9  62.4  015   4  2   9.6   5.3 |  18.1  64.6  350   3  2   9.6   5.3
 11000  18.4  65.1  010   4  2   9.2   5.0 |  19.5  67.1  345   3  2   9.4   5.2
 10500  19.8  67.6  010   3  2  10.4   5.7 |  21.0  69.8  345   3  2  10.4   5.7
 10250  21.3  70.3  005   3  2   9.6   5.3 |  21.8  71.2  345   3  2   9.7   5.3
 10000  22.0  71.6  005   3  2   9.5   5.2 |  23.2  73.8  340   3  2   9.6   5.3
  9750  22.7  72.9  005   3  2   9.9   5.4 |  24.0  75.2  340   3  2   9.8   5.4
  9500  23.5  74.3  360   3  2  10.0   5.5 |  24.7  76.5  335   3  2   9.9   5.4
  9250  24.2  75.6  360   3  2   9.7   5.3 |  25.4  77.7  335   3  2   9.7   5.3
  9000  25.0  77.0  360   3  2  10.1   5.6 |  26.2  79.2  335   3  2  10.1   5.5
  8750  25.7  78.3  355   3  2   8.7   4.8 |  26.9  80.4  335   3  2   8.6   4.7
  8500  26.3  79.3  355   3  2   9.1   5.0 |  27.5  81.5  330   3  2   9.0   5.0
  8250  27.1  80.8  350   3  2  10.7   5.9 |  28.3  82.9  330   3  2  10.6   5.8
  8000  27.9  82.2  350   3  2  10.5   5.8 |  29.1  84.4  330   3  2  10.4   5.7
  7750  28.7  83.7  345   3  1   9.6   5.3 |  29.8  85.6  325   3  2   9.6   5.3
  7500  29.3  84.7  345   3  1   9.2   5.1 |  30.5  86.9  325   3  2   9.1   5.0
  7250  30.1  86.2  340   3  1  10.5   5.8 |  31.2  88.2  325   3  2  10.1   5.5
  7000  30.9  87.6  340   3  1  10.8   5.9 |  32.0  89.6  325   3  2  10.2   5.6
  6750  31.7  89.1  335   3  1  10.4   5.7 |  32.8  91.0  320   3  2  10.4   5.7
  6500  32.5  90.5  335   3  1  10.5   5.8 |  33.6  92.5  320   3  2  10.8   5.9
  6250  33.2  91.8  335   3  1   9.4   5.2 |  34.3  93.7  320   3  1   9.4   5.2
  6000  34.0  93.2  330   3  1  14.5   8.0 |  35.1  95.2  320   3  1  11.0   6.0
  5750  36.4  97.5  325   2  1  60.2  33.0 |  36.6  97.9  315   3  1  36.1  19.8
  5500     M     M    M   M  M     M     M |     M     M    M   M  M     M     M
________________________________________________________________________________

This product is issued twice per day, at approximately 730 AM and 730 PM local 
time. It is not continuously monitored nor updated after its initial
issuance. 

The information contained herein is based on rawinsonde observation and/or
numerical weather prediction model data taken at the Albuquerque International
Sunport site in Albuquerque, New Mexico at

                   North Latitude:  35.03806 deg
                   West Longitude: 106.62194 deg
                   Elevation: 5298.6 feet (1615 meters)

and may not be representative of other areas, especially along and east of 
the Sandia and Manzano Mountains. Note that some elevations in numerical weather
prediction models differ from actual station elevations, which can lead to
data which appear to be below ground.  Erroneous data such as these should
not be used.

The content and format of this report as well as the issuance times are subject
to change without prior notice.  Comments are welcome and should be directed
to one of the addresses or phone numbers shown at the bottom of this page.

DEFINITIONS:

CAPE (Convective Available Potential Energy) - An integrated measure of the
     energy available for convective development, also known as the positive 
     area on a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  Larger
     values are indicative of greater instability and the possibility of 
     stronger convective activity, including thunderstorms.  Values around or
     greater than 1000 suggest the possibility of severe weather should
     convective activity develop.

CINH (Convective Inhibition) - An integrated measure of the amount of energy
     needed to initiate convective activity, also known as the negative area on
     a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  The more negative
     this number, the more energy is required to initiate convection.  This
     inhibitive energy can be overcome through surface heating, cooling aloft,
     lifting mechanisms (orographic, frontal, gravity waves, etc.)

Convective Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the
     average saturation mixing ratio in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass,
     if heated sufficiently from below, will rise dry adiabatically until it 
     just becomes saturated.  It estimates the base of cumulus clouds that are
     produced by surface heating only.

Convection Temperature (ConvectionT) - The surface temperature required to make
     the airmass dry adiabatic up to the given level.  It can be considered a
     "trigger temperature" for that level.

Freezing Level - The height where the temperature is zero degrees Celsius.

Height of Stable Layer - The height (between 12,000 and 18,000 feet above 
     mean sea level) where the smallest lapse rate exists.  The location and
     existence of this feature is important in the generation of mountain 
     waves.

K Index - A measure of stability which combines the temperature difference
     between approximately 5,000 and 18,000 feet above the surface, the amount
     of moisture at approximately 5,000 feet above the surface, and a measure
     of the dryness at approximately 10,000 feet above the surface.  Larger 
     positive numbers indicate more instability and a greater likelihood of 
     thunderstorm development.  One interpretation of K index values regarding
     soaring in the western United States is given in WMO Technical Note 158 
     and is reproduced in the following table:

          below -10    no or weak thermals
           -10 to 5    dry thermals or 1/8 cumulus with moderate thermals
            5 to 15    good soaring conditions
           15 to 20    good soaring conditions with occasional showers
           20 to 30    excellent soaring conditions, but increasing
                       probability of showers and thunderstorms
           above 30    more than 60 percent probability of thunderstorms

Lapse Rate - The change with height of the temperature. Negative values indicate
     inversions. 

Lifted Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the 
     average dew point in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass and the forecast
     maximum temperature must be lifted dry adiabatically to attain saturation.

Lifted Index (LI) - The difference between the environmental temperature at a
     level approximately 18,000 feet above the surface and the temperature of
     an air parcel lifted dry adiabatically from the surface to its lifted
     condensation level and then pseudoadiabatically thereafter to this same
     level.  The parcel's initial temperature is the forecast maximum 
     temperature and its dew point is the average dew point in the lowest 4000
     feet of the airmass.  Negative values are indicative of instability with
     positive values showing stable conditions.

Lift Rate - An experimental estimate of the strength of thermals.  It is
     computed the same way as the maximum rate of lift but uses the actual
     level rather than the maximum height of thermals in the calculation.
     Also, none of the empirical adjustments based on cloudiness and K-index
     are applied to these calculations.

Maximum Height of Thermals - The height where the dry adiabat through the
     forecast maximum temperature intersects the environmental temperature.

Maximum Rate of Lift - An estimate of the maximum strength of thermals.  It 
     is computed from an empirical formula which combines the expected maximum
     height of thermals with the difference in the environmental temperatures 
     between the maximum height of thermals and the temperature 4,000 feet 
     above the ground.  After this computation, further empirical adjustments
     are made based on the value of the K-index and the amount and opacity of
     middle and high level cloudiness expected between the time of trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment.  

Middle/High Clouds - The amount and opacity of middle (altostratus, altocumulus)
     or high (cirrus, cirrostratus, cirrocumulus) clouds.  Broken means that
     between 60% and 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud, with overcast
     conditions occurring when more than 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud.
     Thin implies that the clouds are predominantly transparent, meaning that
     some sunlight is reaching the ground, in contrast to opaque which suggests
     that little sunlight is reaching the ground.
  
Potential Height of Wave - The minimum of the following two heights: 
     1. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind direction changes by 30 degrees or more
     2. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind speed no longer increases with height

PVA/NVA - Positive vorticity advection (PVA)/negative vorticity advection (NVA)
     on the 500 millibar isobaric surface (approximately 18,000 feet above mean
     sea level).  Weak PVA has been shown to assist in mountain wave soaring.

Soaring Window - The time between the time the trigger temperature is reached
                 and the time of overdevelopment.

Thermal Index - The difference between the environmental temperature and the
     temperature at a particular level determined by following the dry adiabat
     through the forecast maximum temperature up to that level.  Negative values
     are indicative of thermal lift.

Thermal Soaring Index - An adjective rating (for sailplanes) based on the 
     computed maximum rate of lift, and the wind speed and middle and high
     cloud cover expected during the soaring window (the time of the trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment) according to the following:

                 Maximum rate of lift        Adjective Rating
                      >= 800 fpm                 Excellent
                 >= 400 and < 800 fpm              Good
                 >= 200 and < 400 fpm              Fair
                       < 200 fpm                   Poor  

Time of Overdevelopment - The time one or more of the following phenomena,
     which essentially shut off thermal lift, is expected to occur:
     1. formation of broken to overcast convective cloud cover
     2. formation of scattered to numerous downbursts
     3. initiation of widespread precipitation

Time of Trigger Temperature - The time the surface temperature is expected to
     reach the trigger temperature.

Trigger Temperature - The surface temperature required to make the first 4000
     feet of the atmosphere dry adiabatic.

Wave Soaring Index - An empirical, adjective rating (for sailplanes) which 
     attempts to combine a variety of phenomena important in mountain wave
     soaring into a single index number.  Objective points are assigned to
     these phenomena: wind speed and direction at 14,000 ft MSL, the static
     stability in the 12,000-18,000 ft MSL layer, the wind speed gradient above
     the stable layer, jet stream location and frontal and upper trough 
     movements.

042613

Soaring Forecast for Moriarty NM
National Weather Service Albuquerque NM
1910 MDT Sunday June 13 2021

This forecast is for Monday, June 14, 2021:

If the trigger temperature of 84.8 F/29.3 C is reached...then
   Thermal Soaring Index....................... Fair
   Maximum rate of lift........................ 1590 ft/min (8.1 m/s)
   Maximum height of thermals.................. 22746 ft MSL (16409 ft AGL)

Forecast maximum temperature................... 98.0 F/37.1 C
Time of trigger temperature.................... 1200 MDT
Time of overdevelopment........................ None
Middle/high clouds during soaring window....... None
Surface winds during soaring window............ More than 30 mph
Height of the -3 thermal index................. 19597 ft MSL (13260 ft AGL)
Thermal soaring outlook for Tuesday 06/15...... Excellent


Remarks... 

Sunrise/Sunset.................... 05:49:36 / 20:19:12 MDT
Total possible sunshine........... 14 hr 29 min 36 sec (869 min 36 sec)
Altitude of sun at 13:04:24 MDT... 78.28 degrees

Upper air data from numerical model forecast valid on 06/14/2021 at 0600 MDT

Freezing level.................. 17110 ft MSL (10773 ft AGL)
Convective condensation level... 19173 ft MSL (12836 ft AGL)
Lifted condensation level....... 20761 ft MSL (14424 ft AGL)
Lifted index.................... -3.2
K index......................... +12.5

Height  Temperature  Wind  Wind Spd  Lapse Rate  ConvectionT  Thermal  Lift Rate
ft MSL  deg C deg F   Dir   kt  m/s  C/km F/kft  deg C deg F   Index    fpm  m/s
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000  -66.2 -87.2   165    9    5   3.0   1.7   76.5 169.6    23.6      M    M
 45000  -60.1 -76.2   180    7    4   5.5   3.0   62.3 144.1    16.3      M    M
 40000  -52.1 -61.8   130    7    3   4.7   2.6   52.7 126.9    10.9      M    M
 38000  -49.3 -56.7   045    6    3   4.7   2.6   48.1 118.6     8.0      M    M
 36000  -46.5 -51.7   015   13    7   6.3   3.4   44.3 111.7     5.4      M    M
 34000  -41.3 -42.3   005   12    6   8.8   4.8   43.2 109.7     4.8      M    M
 32000  -36.0 -32.8   360   11    6   8.8   4.8   42.6 108.8     4.5      M    M
 30000  -30.1 -22.2   005   10    5   8.7   4.8   41.6 106.9     3.8      M    M
 29000  -27.5 -17.5   010   10    5   8.7   4.8   41.3 106.4     3.6      M    M
 28000  -25.0 -13.0   015   10    5   7.8   4.3   40.8 105.5     3.3      M    M
 27000  -22.7  -8.9   015    9    5   7.8   4.3   40.0 104.0     2.6      M    M
 26000  -20.3  -4.5   020    8    4   7.8   4.3   39.3 102.7     2.1      M    M
 25000  -18.0  -0.4   025    8    4   7.6   4.1   38.7 101.6     1.6      M    M
 24000  -15.8   3.6   035    7    3   7.5   4.1   37.8 100.0     0.8      M    M
 23000  -13.6   7.5   045    6    3   7.5   4.1   37.0  98.6     0.2      M    M
 22000  -11.4  11.5   055    5    3   6.7   3.7   36.2  97.2    -0.5   1523  7.7
 21000   -9.4  15.1   040    5    3   6.7   3.7   35.0  95.1    -1.6   1435  7.3
 20000   -7.5  18.5   030    6    3   6.8   3.7   34.0  93.2    -2.5   1348  6.8
 19500   -6.5  20.3   025    6    3   7.3   4.0   33.6  92.4    -3.0   1304  6.6
 19000   -5.3  22.5   020    6    3   8.3   4.6   33.3  91.9    -3.3   1254  6.4
 18500   -4.1  24.6   015    6    3   8.3   4.5   33.0  91.4    -3.5   1202  6.1
 18000   -2.8  27.0   010    6    3   9.2   5.0   32.8  91.1    -3.7   1149  5.8
 17500   -0.8  30.6   005    5    3   9.3   5.1   32.7  90.9    -3.9   1065  5.4
 17000    0.6  33.1   360    5    2   8.8   4.9   32.6  90.7    -4.0   1010  5.1
 16500    1.9  35.4   355    4    2   8.8   4.8   32.5  90.4    -4.2    957  4.9
 16000    3.1  37.6   350    4    2   9.0   4.9   32.3  90.2    -4.4    903  4.6
 15500    4.5  40.1   345    5    2   9.3   5.1   32.2  90.0    -4.5    848  4.3
 15000    5.9  42.6   345    5    3   9.3   5.1   32.2  89.9    -4.6    792  4.0
 14500    7.2  45.0   345    6    3   8.4   4.6   32.0  89.6    -4.8    737  3.7
 14000    8.5  47.3   340    6    3   8.5   4.7   31.8  89.2    -5.0    684  3.5
 13500    9.7  49.5   335    7    4   7.9   4.4   31.6  88.8    -5.2    632  3.2
 13000   10.9  51.6   330    7    4   7.9   4.3   31.3  88.3    -5.5    582  3.0
 12500   12.1  53.8   325    8    4   8.6   4.7   31.0  87.8    -5.8    531  2.7
 12000   13.4  56.1   320    8    4   8.8   4.8   30.9  87.5    -6.0    478  2.4
 11500   14.7  58.5   315    9    4   8.2   4.5   30.7  87.2    -6.2    425  2.2
 11000   15.8  60.4   315    9    4   8.2   4.5   30.4  86.8    -6.6    376  1.9
 10500   17.0  62.6   310    8    4   7.5   4.1   30.2  86.4    -6.9    326  1.7
 10250   17.5  63.5   310    8    4   7.3   4.0   30.0  86.0    -7.1    304  1.5
 10000   18.0  64.4   310    8    4   8.1   4.4   29.8  85.7    -7.3    280  1.4
  9750   18.6  65.5   305    7    4   8.3   4.6   29.7  85.5    -7.5    255  1.3
  9500   19.2  66.6   305    7    3   6.9   3.8   29.6  85.2    -7.7    231  1.2
  9250   19.6  67.3   300    6    3   5.4   3.0   29.3  84.7    -8.0    212  1.1
  9000   19.9  67.8   295    5    3   4.9   2.7   28.9  84.1    -8.4    193  1.0
  8750   20.2  68.4   290    4    2   4.4   2.4   28.5  83.3    -8.9    177  0.9
  8500   20.5  68.9   280    4    2   3.1   1.7   28.1  82.6    -9.3    161  0.8
  8250   20.6  69.1   275    3    2   1.6   0.9   27.5  81.5   -10.0    150  0.8
  8000   20.8  69.4   265    2    1   2.4   1.3   26.9  80.4   -10.6    139  0.7
  7750   20.9  69.6   250    1    1   2.7   1.5   26.4  79.5   -11.2    127  0.6
  7500   21.1  70.0   220    1    1   1.5   0.8   25.8  78.5   -11.8    115  0.6
  7250   21.1  70.0   185    1    1  -0.2  -0.1   25.1  77.2   -12.5    107  0.5
  7000   21.1  70.0   165    2    1   2.6   1.4   24.4  76.0   -13.3     99  0.5
  6750   21.2  70.2   155    2    1  -4.4  -2.4   23.8  74.8   -13.9     89  0.4
  6500   20.1  68.2   150    2    1 -26.9 -14.8   21.9  71.4   -15.9    116  0.6
  6250      M     M     M    M    M     M     M      M     M       M      M    M

 * * * * * * Numerical weather prediction model forecast data valid * * * * * * 

           06/14/2021 at 0900 MDT          |       06/14/2021 at 1200 MDT        
                                           |
CAPE...   +12.3    LI...       +0.2        | CAPE...  +132.0    LI...       +0.1
CINH...  -217.1    K Index...  +3.9        | CINH...   -27.8    K Index...  +9.9
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -66.7 -88.1  155  10  5   4.1   2.2 | -65.9 -86.6  155  10  5   4.3   2.3
 45000 -59.8 -75.6  175   6  3   5.1   2.8 | -59.4 -74.9  165   5  2   3.7   2.1
 40000 -52.1 -61.8  175   5  3   5.0   2.8 | -53.2 -63.8  255   2  1   6.4   3.5
 38000 -49.1 -56.4  070   5  3   5.0   2.8 | -49.4 -56.9  050   4  2   6.4   3.5
 36000 -46.1 -51.0  045  13  7   6.1   3.3 | -45.6 -50.1  055   9  5   6.9   3.8
 34000 -41.3 -42.3  035  13  7   8.1   4.5 | -40.2 -40.4  050  12  6   8.0   4.4
 32000 -35.8 -32.4  025  14  7   8.5   4.7 | -35.4 -31.7  045  15  8   8.3   4.5
 30000 -30.6 -23.1  025  14  7   8.7   4.8 | -30.4 -22.7  045  13  7   8.5   4.7
 29000 -28.0 -18.4  030  13  7   8.7   4.8 | -27.8 -18.0  040  13  6   8.5   4.6
 28000 -25.6 -14.1  030  13  6   7.2   4.0 | -25.5 -13.9  040  12  6   7.0   3.8
 27000 -23.4 -10.1  030  11  6   7.3   4.0 | -23.4 -10.1  040  11  6   7.0   3.9
 26000 -21.2  -6.2  030  10  5   7.3   4.0 | -21.3  -6.3  040  10  5   7.1   3.9
 25000 -19.1  -2.4  035   9  4   7.4   4.1 | -19.2  -2.6  040  10  5   7.0   3.9
 24000 -16.9   1.6  035   7  4   7.4   4.1 | -17.1   1.2  040   8  4   7.1   3.9
 23000 -14.7   5.5  045   5  3   7.5   4.1 | -15.0   5.0  035   6  3   7.1   3.9
 22000 -12.5   9.5  050   4  2   7.8   4.3 | -12.9   8.8  035   5  2   8.1   4.5
 21000 -10.1  13.8  050   5  2   7.9   4.3 | -10.5  13.1  040   5  3   8.2   4.5
 20000  -7.8  18.0  050   5  3   7.9   4.3 |  -8.0  17.6  050   6  3   8.2   4.5
 19500  -6.7  19.9  045   5  3   8.1   4.4 |  -6.8  19.8  050   6  3   8.6   4.7
 19000  -5.4  22.3  040   5  3   8.3   4.6 |  -4.8  23.4  045   6  3   9.2   5.0
 18500  -4.2  24.4  035   5  3   8.2   4.5 |  -3.4  25.9  040   6  3   9.2   5.0
 18000  -2.2  28.0  025   6  3   9.5   5.2 |  -2.0  28.4  035   6  3   9.2   5.0
 17500  -0.7  30.7  020   6  3   9.5   5.2 |  -0.6  30.9  035   6  3   9.2   5.0
 17000   0.7  33.3  010   6  3   9.4   5.2 |   0.7  33.3  030   6  3   9.3   5.1
 16500   2.1  35.8  005   6  3   9.4   5.2 |   2.1  35.8  025   6  3   9.3   5.1
 16000   3.5  38.3  005   6  3   9.5   5.2 |   3.5  38.3  020   6  3   9.5   5.2
 15500   4.9  40.8  360   6  3   9.5   5.2 |   5.0  41.0  020   7  3   9.6   5.3
 15000   6.3  43.3  360   6  3   9.5   5.2 |   6.4  43.5  015   7  3   9.5   5.2
 14500   7.8  46.0  360   6  3   9.4   5.2 |   7.8  46.0  010   7  4   9.1   5.0
 14000   9.2  48.6  360   7  3   9.4   5.2 |   9.2  48.6  010   7  4   9.2   5.0
 13500  10.6  51.1  360   7  4   9.5   5.2 |  10.6  51.1  005   7  4   9.3   5.1
 13000  12.0  53.6  360   7  4   9.5   5.2 |  11.9  53.4  005   7  4   9.4   5.2
 12500  13.4  56.1  005   7  4   8.3   4.5 |  13.2  55.8  005   7  4   7.3   4.0
 12000  14.6  58.3  360   7  4   8.1   4.5 |  14.1  57.4  005   6  3   7.2   4.0
 11500  15.7  60.3  360   7  4   7.0   3.8 |  15.1  59.2  005   5  3   7.4   4.0
 11000  16.7  62.1  355   6  3   6.7   3.6 |  16.2  61.2  005   4  2   8.0   4.4
 10500  17.6  63.7  355   6  3   6.9   3.8 |  17.3  63.1  010   3  2   8.8   4.9
 10250  18.0  64.4  350   6  3   6.1   3.3 |  18.0  64.4  010   3  2   9.3   5.1
 10000  18.4  65.1  345   5  3   5.1   2.8 |  18.7  65.7  015   3  2   9.2   5.0
  9750  18.7  65.7  340   5  3   5.3   2.9 |  19.4  66.9  015   3  2   9.2   5.0
  9500  19.1  66.4  335   5  2   6.2   3.4 |  20.1  68.2  020   3  1  10.2   5.6
  9250  19.6  67.3  330   4  2   7.0   3.9 |  20.9  69.6  020   3  1  10.8   5.9
  9000  20.0  68.0  325   4  2   5.7   3.1 |  21.6  70.9  025   3  1   9.3   5.1
  8750  20.3  68.5  320   4  2   4.7   2.6 |  22.3  72.1  030   3  1   8.7   4.8
  8500  20.6  69.1  315   3  2   4.0   2.2 |  23.0  73.4  030   3  1   9.8   5.4
  8250  20.8  69.4  310   3  2   3.4   1.9 |  23.7  74.7  035   2  1  10.6   5.8
  8000  21.0  69.8  305   3  1   3.5   1.9 |  24.5  76.1  040   2  1   9.8   5.4
  7750  21.2  70.2  300   2  1   4.0   2.2 |  25.2  77.4  045   2  1   9.4   5.1
  7500  21.6  70.9  290   2  1   5.3   2.9 |  25.9  78.6  050   2  1  10.2   5.6
  7250  22.0  71.6  285   2  1   6.1   3.3 |  26.7  80.1  050   2  1  11.0   6.0
  7000  22.4  72.3  280   1  1   5.0   2.8 |  27.5  81.5  055   3  1   9.7   5.3
  6750  22.8  73.0  265   1  1   8.5   4.7 |  28.3  82.9  060   3  1  13.4   7.3
  6500  23.7  74.7  260   1  1  17.4   9.6 |  29.6  85.3  060   3  1  23.8  13.1
  6250     M     M    M   M  M     M     M |     M     M    M   M  M     M     M

           06/14/2021 at 1500 MDT          |       06/14/2021 at 1800 MDT        
                                           |
CAPE...   +41.5    LI...       -0.3        | CAPE...   +71.6    LI...       -0.7
CINH...    -1.5    K Index... +16.6        | CINH...    -2.7    K Index... +14.6
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -66.0 -86.8  155  12  6   4.6   2.5 | -66.2 -87.2  150  11  5   4.2   2.3
 45000 -59.4 -74.9  160   7  4   3.5   1.9 | -59.6 -75.3  155   6  3   4.1   2.3
 40000 -53.4 -64.1  080   2  1   6.6   3.6 | -53.0 -63.4  060   2  1   6.0   3.3
 38000 -49.4 -56.9  060   5  2   6.6   3.6 | -49.4 -56.9  045   4  2   6.0   3.3
 36000 -45.5 -49.9  055   8  4   7.0   3.9 | -45.8 -50.4  045   6  3   6.9   3.8
 34000 -40.2 -40.4  055  12  6   7.9   4.3 | -40.9 -41.6  055  10  5   8.3   4.5
 32000 -35.5 -31.9  055  15  8   8.3   4.6 | -35.3 -31.5  060  14  7   8.4   4.6
 30000 -30.4 -22.7  050  13  7   8.6   4.7 | -30.2 -22.4  060  13  7   8.5   4.7
 29000 -27.8 -18.0  050  12  6   8.5   4.7 | -27.6 -17.7  060  12  6   8.5   4.7
 28000 -25.4 -13.7  050  11  6   7.2   4.0 | -25.2 -13.4  060  11  6   7.4   4.1
 27000 -23.2  -9.8  050  11  5   7.3   4.0 | -23.0  -9.4  055  11  6   7.5   4.1
 26000 -21.1  -6.0  050  10  5   7.3   4.0 | -20.8  -5.4  045  10  5   7.7   4.2
 25000 -18.9  -2.0  050   9  5   7.2   4.0 | -18.7  -1.7  040  10  5   6.8   3.7
 24000 -16.8   1.8  045   8  4   7.3   4.0 | -16.7   1.9  025   8  4   6.6   3.6
 23000 -14.7   5.5  035   8  4   7.3   4.0 | -14.8   5.4  005   7  3   6.7   3.7
 22000 -12.5   9.5  025   7  4   8.0   4.4 | -12.7   9.1  345   6  3   9.1   5.0
 21000 -10.2  13.6  025   6  3   8.1   4.4 | -10.0  14.0  345   6  3   9.1   5.0
 20000  -7.8  18.0  020   5  3   8.1   4.5 |  -7.3  18.9  345   5  3   9.1   5.0
 19500  -6.6  20.1  020   5  3   8.6   4.7 |  -5.9  21.4  345   5  3   9.4   5.2
 19000  -4.6  23.7  020   5  3   9.2   5.0 |  -4.5  23.9  345   5  2   9.7   5.3
 18500  -3.3  26.1  020   5  2   9.3   5.1 |  -2.3  27.9  350   4  2   9.8   5.3
 18000  -1.8  28.8  020   5  2   9.6   5.3 |  -0.8  30.6  350   4  2   9.8   5.4
 17500  -0.4  31.3  020   5  2   9.6   5.3 |   0.6  33.1  350   4  2   9.8   5.4
 17000   1.0  33.8  020   4  2   9.7   5.3 |   2.1  35.8  355   4  2   9.7   5.3
 16500   2.5  36.5  020   4  2   9.7   5.3 |   3.5  38.3  355   3  2   9.7   5.3
 16000   3.9  39.0  020   4  2   9.6   5.3 |   5.0  41.0  360   3  2   9.7   5.3
 15500   5.3  41.5  020   4  2   9.4   5.2 |   6.4  43.5  360   3  1   9.7   5.3
 15000   6.7  44.1  020   4  2   9.5   5.2 |   7.9  46.2  005   3  1   9.7   5.3
 14500   8.2  46.8  020   4  2   9.7   5.3 |   9.3  48.7  010   2  1   9.8   5.4
 14000   9.6  49.3  020   4  2   9.7   5.3 |  10.8  51.4  020   2  1   9.8   5.4
 13500  11.1  52.0  020   4  2   9.7   5.3 |  12.2  54.0  025   2  1   9.6   5.3
 13000  12.5  54.5  020   4  2   9.7   5.3 |  13.7  56.7  035   2  1   9.6   5.3
 12500  14.0  57.2  020   4  2   9.8   5.4 |  15.1  59.2  045   2  1   9.7   5.3
 12000  15.4  59.7  020   3  2   9.7   5.3 |  16.6  61.9  060   2  1   9.7   5.3
 11500  16.9  62.4  025   3  2   9.9   5.4 |  18.0  64.4  070   2  1   9.8   5.3
 11000  18.3  64.9  025   3  2   9.6   5.3 |  19.5  67.1  080   2  1   9.6   5.3
 10500  19.8  67.6  025   3  2   9.6   5.3 |  20.9  69.6  090   2  1   9.1   5.0
 10250  20.5  68.9  025   3  2   9.9   5.4 |  21.6  70.9  095   2  1   9.5   5.2
 10000  21.2  70.2  030   3  1  10.2   5.6 |  22.3  72.1  095   2  1  10.4   5.7
  9750  22.0  71.6  030   3  1  10.0   5.5 |  23.1  73.6  100   3  1  10.1   5.5
  9500  22.8  73.0  030   3  1  10.7   5.8 |  23.8  74.8  100   3  1  10.4   5.7
  9250  23.6  74.5  030   3  1  10.8   5.9 |  24.6  76.3  105   3  2  10.2   5.6
  9000  24.3  75.7  030   3  1   9.5   5.2 |  25.3  77.5  105   3  2   9.3   5.1
  8750  25.0  77.0  035   2  1   8.9   4.9 |  26.0  78.8  110   3  2   8.7   4.8
  8500  25.7  78.3  035   2  1   9.7   5.3 |  26.7  80.1  110   4  2   9.5   5.2
  8250  26.5  79.7  035   2  1  10.5   5.8 |  27.4  81.3  110   4  2  10.3   5.7
  8000  27.2  81.0  040   2  1   9.9   5.4 |  28.2  82.8  110   4  2   9.8   5.4
  7750  27.9  82.2  040   2  1   9.3   5.1 |  28.9  84.0  115   4  2   9.3   5.1
  7500  28.6  83.5  040   2  1  10.1   5.5 |  29.6  85.3  115   4  2  10.0   5.5
  7250  29.4  84.9  045   2  1  10.8   5.9 |  30.4  86.7  115   4  2  10.6   5.8
  7000  30.2  86.4  045   2  1  10.0   5.5 |  31.1  88.0  115   5  2  10.2   5.6
  6750  31.0  87.8  045   2  1  12.2   6.7 |  31.9  89.4  115   5  2  10.7   5.9
  6500  32.2  90.0  050   2  1  20.3  11.1 |  32.8  91.0  115   5  2  13.5   7.4
  6250     M     M    M   M  M     M     M |     M     M    M   M  M     M     M
________________________________________________________________________________

This product is issued twice per day, at approximately 730 AM and 730 PM local 
time. It is not continuously monitored nor updated after its initial 
issuance. 

The information contained herein is based on numerical weather prediction
model data for the Moriarty Municipal Airport site in Moriarty, New Mexico at

                   North Latitude:  34.9781667 deg
                   West Longitude: 106.0000278 deg
                   Elevation: 6204.2 feet (1891.0 meters)

and may not be representative of other areas along and east of the Sandia
and Manzano Mountains. Note that some elevations in numerical weather
prediction models differ from actual station elevations, which can lead to
data which appear to be below ground.  Erroneous data such as these should
not be used.

The content and format of this report as well as the issuance times are subject
to change without prior notice.  Comments are welcome and should be directed
to one of the addresses or phone numbers shown at the bottom of this page.

DEFINITIONS:

CAPE (Convective Available Potential Energy) - An integrated measure of the
     energy available for convective development, also known as the positive 
     area on a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  Larger
     values are indicative of greater instability and the possibility of 
     stronger convective activity, including thunderstorms.  Values around or
     greater than 1000 suggest the possibility of severe weather should
     convective activity develop.

CINH (Convective Inhibition) - An integrated measure of the amount of energy
     needed to initiate convective activity, also known as the negative area on
     a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  The more negative
     this number, the more energy is required to initiate convection.  This
     inhibitive energy can be overcome through surface heating, cooling aloft,
     lifting mechanisms (orographic, frontal, gravity waves, etc.)

Convective Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the
     average saturation mixing ratio in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass,
     if heated sufficiently from below, will rise dry adiabatically until it 
     just becomes saturated.  It estimates the base of cumulus clouds that are
     produced by surface heating only.

Convection Temperature (ConvectionT) - The surface temperature required to make
     the airmass dry adiabatic up to the given level.  It can be considered a
     "trigger temperature" for that level.

Freezing Level - The height where the temperature is zero degrees Celsius.

Height of Stable Layer - The height (between 12,000 and 18,000 feet above 
     mean sea level) where the smallest lapse rate exists.  The location and
     existence of this feature is important in the generation of mountain 
     waves.

K Index - A measure of stability which combines the temperature difference
     between approximately 5,000 and 18,000 feet above the surface, the amount
     of moisture at approximately 5,000 feet above the surface, and a measure
     of the dryness at approximately 10,000 feet above the surface.  Larger 
     positive numbers indicate more instability and a greater likelihood of 
     thunderstorm development.  One interpretation of K index values regarding
     soaring in the western United States is given in WMO Technical Note 158 
     and is reproduced in the following table:

          below -10    no or weak thermals
           -10 to 5    dry thermals or 1/8 cumulus with moderate thermals
            5 to 15    good soaring conditions
           15 to 20    good soaring conditions with occasional showers
           20 to 30    excellent soaring conditions, but increasing
                       probability of showers and thunderstorms
           above 30    more than 60 percent probability of thunderstorms

Lapse Rate - The change with height of the temperature. Negative values indicate
     inversions. 

Lifted Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the 
     average dew point in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass and the forecast
     maximum temperature must be lifted dry adiabatically to attain saturation.

Lifted Index (LI) - The difference between the environmental temperature at a
     level approximately 18,000 feet above the surface and the temperature of
     an air parcel lifted dry adiabatically from the surface to its lifted
     condensation level and then pseudoadiabatically thereafter to this same
     level.  The parcel's initial temperature is the forecast maximum 
     temperature and its dew point is the average dew point in the lowest 4000
     feet of the airmass.  Negative values are indicative of instability with
     positive values showing stable conditions.

Lift Rate - An experimental estimate of the strength of thermals.  It is
     computed the same way as the maximum rate of lift but uses the actual
     level rather than the maximum height of thermals in the calculation.
     Also, none of the empirical adjustments based on cloudiness and K-index
     are applied to these calculations.

Maximum Height of Thermals - The height where the dry adiabat through the
     forecast maximum temperature intersects the environmental temperature.

Maximum Rate of Lift - An estimate of the maximum strength of thermals.  It 
     is computed from an empirical formula which combines the expected maximum
     height of thermals with the difference in the environmental temperatures 
     between the maximum height of thermals and the temperature 4,000 feet 
     above the ground.  After this computation, further empirical adjustments
     are made based on the value of the K-index and the amount and opacity of
     middle and high level cloudiness expected between the time of trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment.  

Middle/High Clouds - The amount and opacity of middle (altostratus, altocumulus)
     or high (cirrus, cirrostratus, cirrocumulus) clouds.  Broken means that
     between 60% and 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud, with overcast
     conditions occurring when more than 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud.
     Thin implies that the clouds are predominantly transparent, meaning that
     some sunlight is reaching the ground, in contrast to opaque which suggests
     that little sunlight is reaching the ground.
  
Potential Height of Wave - The minimum of the following two heights: 
     1. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind direction changes by 30 degrees or more
     2. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind speed no longer increases with height

PVA/NVA - Positive vorticity advection (PVA)/negative vorticity advection (NVA)
     on the 500 millibar isobaric surface (approximately 18,000 feet above mean
     sea level).  Weak PVA has been shown to assist in mountain wave soaring.

Soaring Window - The time between the time the trigger temperature is reached
                 and the time of overdevelopment.

Thermal Index - The difference between the environmental temperature and the
     temperature at a particular level determined by following the dry adiabat
     through the forecast maximum temperature up to that level.  Negative values
     are indicative of thermal lift.

Thermal Soaring Index - An adjective rating (for sailplanes) based on the 
     computed maximum rate of lift, and the wind speed and middle and high
     cloud cover expected during the soaring window (the time of the trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment) according to the following:

                 Maximum rate of lift        Adjective Rating
                      >= 800 fpm                 Excellent
                 >= 400 and < 800 fpm              Good
                 >= 200 and < 400 fpm              Fair
                       < 200 fpm                   Poor  

Time of Overdevelopment - The time one or more of the following phenomena,
     which essentially shut off thermal lift, is expected to occur:
     1. formation of broken to overcast convective cloud cover
     2. formation of scattered to numerous downbursts
     3. initiation of widespread precipitation

Time of Trigger Temperature - The time the surface temperature is expected to
     reach the trigger temperature.

Trigger Temperature - The surface temperature required to make the first 4000
     feet of the atmosphere dry adiabatic.

Wave Soaring Index - An empirical, adjective rating (for sailplanes) which 
     attempts to combine a variety of phenomena important in mountain wave
     soaring into a single index number.  Objective points are assigned to
     these phenomena: wind speed and direction at 14,000 ft MSL, the static
     stability in the 12,000-18,000 ft MSL layer, the wind speed gradient above
     the stable layer, jet stream location and frontal and upper trough 
     movements.

042613