Spot weather or site specific forecasts may be obtained by Fire Control Agencies upon request to
the National Weather Service in Albany, New York. Spot forecasts for wildfires and other emergency
situations (i.e. affecting life or property) are available 24 hours a day/7 days a week, and can be
provided to any federal, state or local agency.
The Spot requests should be made via our online spot request form
Spot forecasts for prescribed burns are also available at any time. The National Weather Service
will provide spot forecasts for prescribed burns according to the following criteria:
1. Upon request of any federal official who represents that the spot forecast is required under the
terms of the Interagency Agreement for Meteorological Services
2. Upon request of any state, tribal, or local official who represents that the spot forecast is
required to carry out their wildland fire management responsibilities in coordination with any
federal land management agency participating in the Interagency Agreement for Meteorological
3. Upon request of any public safety official who represents the spot forecast is essential to
public safety, e.g. due to the proximity of population centers or critical infrastructure. A
"public safety official" is an employee or contract agent of a government agency at any
level (federal, state, local, tribal, etc.) charged with protecting the public from hazards
including wildland fires of whatever origin and/or other hazards influenced by weather conditions
such as hazardous material releases.
The National Weather Service does not provide spot forecasts to private citizens or commercial
entities not acting as an agent of a government agency.
Keep in mind that the response time for spot forecasts in support of prescribed burns may vary
depending on higher priority duties of the forecaster on duty. This is especially true during non
routine work hours (i.e. those hours other than Monday-Friday 800 am to 400 pm), and during weekends
when staffing is minimal.
On site weather observations are necessary for issuance of a spot weather forecast. Minimum
requirements for a weather observation include the dry bulb temperature, the relative humidity, and
the surface wind speed and direction.
If those elements are unavailable, and the forecaster feels that will negatively impact the
forecast, he/she may decline to fulfill a formal spot forecast request.
All wind measurements are assumed to be at eye level using a hand held wind instrument. If wind
measurements are taken from a tower, this should be noted and relayed to the forecaster. Please use
the Spot Forecast Request Form as guidance for information to supply to the fire weather
For very large fires (involving thousands of acres), observations should be obtained, if possible
from several points around the fire. This will enable the forecaster to better gauge the effects of
the fire on local weather patterns.
For prescribed burns, a weather observation from the site should be taken and sent to the
forecaster about two hours before ignition. Location of the fire site must also be included with the
spot forecast. Latitude and longitude along with a nearby major feature (topographic, town, etc.) is
The fire weather user requesting the spot forecast should also provide the following
information: Location, Size of burn, Elevation, and Fuel (vegetation) type (e.g. is it a stand
of dense pines or perhaps a grassy field?)
The National Weather Service forecaster should ask what weather elements are desired and most
important to the burn. The forecaster should also inquire about the time period for the spot
forecast. The first 12 hours of the burn time should have the most detail in it.
Remember to provide a phone number or fax number in order for the spot forecast information to
reach the proper location.
If weather conditions develop that were not forecasted and threaten the success of the operations
at the fire, the forecaster should be notified immediately. Furthermore, any feedback concerning the
accuracy of the spot weather forecast (both positive and negative) will assist the forecaster in
subsequent forecasts for the same or similar location.