National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce
 

Drought Briefing Page
Updated: 8/11/2022

 


 

Summary:
After a fairly wet spring, portions of central and southeast Missouri have experienced below normal rainfall. Below-normal rainfall combined with a hot June and July led to drought conditions. Most of the impacts have been confined to the agricultural sector. More specifically, pasture conditions along with hay and stock water supplies have deteriorated over the past month. In addition, crops such as corn and soybeans are also being negatively impacted, particularly in areas where these crops were planted late due to the wet conditions in the spring.
 
Over the past few weeks, above to well-above normal rainfall has been experienced across much of the area. In eastern Missouri, a stripe of 8-12+ inches of rain has fallen since mid July. This rainfall has completely eliminated any drought or abnormally dry conditions. However, portions of central Missouri have largely missed out on the heavier rainfall events the past few weeks. Therefore, severe (D2) drought continues across portions of Boone and northern Moniteau counties.
 
 

 

 

 

Below is a list of observed precipitation including the departure from normal for
selected sites in Missouri and Illinois. The list includes information from local
airports and cooperative observers since June 1st.  

Location

Jun 1 - August 11, 2022 Precipitation

(Departure From Normal) 

Official Observations

 

St. Louis (KSTL)

18.86"
(+9.14")

Columbia (KCOU)

5.96"
(-3.79")

Quincy (KUIN)

9.98"
(+0.71")
   

Cooperative Observers

 

Mexico, MO (MEXM7)

11.84"
(+0.79")

California, MO (CALM7)

8.04"
(-2.57")

Festus, MO (FESM7)

6.96"
(-3.03")

Viburnum, MO (VBRM7)

10.13"
(+0.46")

Farmington, MO (FARM7)

9.75"
(+0.51")

Ste. Genevieve, MO (SGNM7)

7.18"
(-2.74")

Steeleville, IL (STEI2)

7.33"
(-1.45")

Red Bud, IL (RBDI2)

8.81"
(-0.41")

Washington, MO (WHGM7)

10.34"
(+0.55")

NWS Office Weldon Spring (LSX)

15.48"
(+5.57") 

The U.S. Drought Monitor is a weekly collaborative effort between a number of federal agencies including NOAA/NWS, U.S. Department of Agriculture and the National Drought Mitigation Center. Details and explanations of the Drought Monitor can found at the web site:

http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/

The categories of drought are defined as follows:

Abnormally Dry (D0) - Going into drought: short-term dryness slowing planting, growth of crops or pastures; fire risk above average. Coming out of drought: some lingering water deficits; pastures or crops not fully recovered.

Moderate Drought (D1) - Some damage to crops, pastures; fire risk high; streams, reservoirs, or wells low, some water shortages developing or imminent, voluntary water use restrictions requested.

Severe Drought (D2) - Crop or pasture losses likely; fire risk very high; water shortages common; water restrictions imposed.

Extreme Drought (D3) - Major crop/pasture losses; extreme fire danger; widespread water shortages or restrictions.

Exceptional Drought (D4) - Exceptional and widespread crop/pasture losses; exceptional fire risk; shortages of water in reservoirs, streams, and wells, creating water emergencies.

   

Soil Moisture Conditions:
Due to recent rainfall, soil moisture percentiles are generally above normal across much of east central and southeast Missouri as well as southwest Illinois. For parts of central and northeast Missouri in addition to west-central Illinois, near normal conditions are being observed with respect to soil moisture.
 
For the state of Missouri as a whole, topsoil moisture supply was rated 16% very short and 34% short, with subsoil moisture 16% very short and 33% percent short.
 Total Moisture Storage

Additional information about soil moisture conditions can be found at the NWS Climate Prediction Center (CPC) Web Site at:

http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/
soilmst/w.shtml

or at the Midwestern Regional Climate Center (MRCC) at:

https://mcc.sws.uiuc.edu/cliwatch/
drought/drought.jsp


Agricultural Impacts:
According to the latest United States Department of Agriculture, corn
condition was rated 12% very poor and 13% poor in the state of Missouri. For soybeans, the condition was rated 8% very poor ad 13% poor as well. Pasture condition was 13% very poor and 33% poor. 
 
Supply of hay is 4% very short and 30% short, with stock water supply 7%
very short and 23% short.

Additional information on agriculture impacts may be viewed at the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) web page:

https://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/index.php

 

River and Stream Flow Conditions:

Streamflows are generally at or above normal across much of the region due to recent beneficial rainfall. One of the exceptions in central Missouri is the Maries River at Westphalia where the 7-day average streamflow is only in the 23rs percentile of climatology.

 

 

mo

 

map legend

Hourly and forecast river stages out to 90 days can be found at the National Weather Service's (NWS) Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service (AHPS) web page:

https://water.weather.gov/ahps2/index.php?wfo=lsx

Additional Current stream and river stages may be viewed at the following USGS Web Site:

https://water.usgs.gov/waterwatch/


Fire Danger Hazards:

The current KBDI: Central Missouri: MODERATE 

Recent beneficial rainfall has helped alleviate the concern for wild fires. However, parts of southwest Missouri remain more vulnerable than usual due to the persistent dry conditions.

 

https://www.wfas.net/images/firedanger/kbdi.png

The Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI) is a drought index that is specifically related to fire potential. The KBDI is broken into four categories which indicate the susceptibility of ground fuels to fire danger. Below are the four categories and a brief description of each.

Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI)
KBDI Value
Description of Fire Potential
0 to 200
Low - Wet with little danger of fire initiation
201 to 400
Moderate - Drying occurring with some fire danger
401 to 600
High - Ground cover dry and will burn readily
601 to 800
Extreme - Dead and live fuels will burn readily

KBDI and Dead Fuel Moisture data can be found on the Wildland Fire Assessment System (WFAS) web site at:

https://www.wfas.us


Precipitation/Temperature Outlooks:

The outlook for the next two weeks favors below normal temperatures and near to above normal precipitation. 

 

 

For updated temperature and precipitation probabilities consult the following Climate Prediction Center (CPC) Web Sites:

8 to 14 Day Outlook

30 Day Outlook

90 Day Outlook
 

 

Questions or Comments:

If you have any questions or comments about this information please contact:

Jayson Gosselin
Climate Services Focal Point 

or 

Mark Fuchs
Service Hydrologist

National Weather Service - St. Louis
12 Missouri Park Drive
St. Charles, MO  63304
(636) 441-8467
nws.stlouis@noaa.gov

 

Our most recent Drought Information Statement (DGTLSX) is available at:
https://www.crh.noaa.gov/product.php?site=LSX&product=DGT&issuedby=LSX

 

Other Contacts:

For state climate impacts:
https://www.stateclimate.org/

Missouri State Climatologist:
https://climate.missouri.edu

Illinois State Climatologist:
https://www.isws.illinois.edu/atmos/statecli/

 


Acknowledgements:

The drought monitor is a multi-agency effort involving NOAA’s national weather service and national climatic data center, the USDA, state and regional center climatologists and the national drought mitigation center. Information for this statement has been gathered from NWS and FAA observation sites, cooperative and volunteer observations, USDAFS, the USDA and USGS.

 

 

 

Related Websites :

NWS - https://www.weather.gov/lsx

CPC - http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov

U.S. Drought Portal:
https://www.drought.gov

USGS - https://water.usgs.gov/

COE - https://www.mvr.usace.army.mil/

Missouri DNR Drought Page:
https://dnr.mo.gov/water/hows-water/state-water/drought


Illinois Water Survey Drought Pages:
https://www.isws.illinois.edu/dat/illinois-drought