National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

On This Day In

                   Weather History

February 9th

Local and Regional Events:

February 9, 1899:

Extreme cold blanketed most locations east of the Rocky Mountains during the first half of February. For South Dakota, the minimum temperature was the lowest that has been experienced for many years, at least, and probably since its settlement. The week ending the 13th of February, the Weather Bureau stated: "With respect to temperature, this week is probably the most remarkable in the history of the Weather Bureau, over the greater part of the country east of the Rocky Mountains a large number of stations reporting the lowest temperatures recorded since their establishment. Over the whole region, extending from the eastern Rocky Mountain slope to the Atlantic coast and from the Gulf to the Great Lakes, the average daily deficiency exceeded 20 degrees and ranged from 30 degrees to 35 degrees over an extensive area embracing the central valleys and portions of the Lake Region."

 

The cold weather that culminated in the extremes, in South Dakota, began on January 26th and continued with little abatement over most of the state, until February 12th. During the first twelve days of February the daily average temperatures, at the Weather Bureau stations ranged from zero to 27 degrees below zero.

 

Some low-temperature readings from February 8th through the 12th include:

-29 in Spearfish on the 11th

-30 in Yankton on the 11th

-34 in Milbank on the 9th

-34 in Rapid City on the 11th

-35 in Aberdeen on the 8th and 12th

-36 in Chamberlain on the 9th

-36 in Waubay on the 8th

-37 in Ipswich on the 8th

-38 in Watertown on the 11th

-39 in Mellette on the 11th

-39 in Mitchell on the 11th

-39 in Pierre on the 12th

-39 in Wessington Springs on the 9th

-40 in DeSmet on the 10th

-40 in Highmore on the 12th

-42 in Gann Valley on the 8th

-40 in Redfield on the 9th

-42 Sioux Falls on the 9th

 

February 9, 1994:

Widespread record cold occurred across central, north central, and northeast South Dakota as well as west central Minnesota. Record lows were set at Aberdeen, Mobridge, Pierre, Sisseton, Timber Lake, and Wheaton. Overnight lows were in the 30s to 40s below zero across the entire area. Aberdeen fell to 45 degrees below zero or one degree off the all-time record low of 46 degrees below zero. Mobridge dropped to 38 degrees below zero and Pierre fell to 35 degrees below zero. Watertown came just one degree short of their daytime record with 35 degrees below zero.

 

Local Climate Information:

Click HERE for daily climate information for Aberdeen, Mobridge, Pierre, Sisseton, and Watertown.

Click HERE for daily climate information for Sioux Falls, Huron, Mitchell, and Sioux City.

 

U.S.A and Global Events for February 9th:

1870: The U.S. Congress authorized the War Department to take weather observations at key marine ports, assigning this function to the Army Signal Service. The intention was to provide advanced warning of storm systems that could adversely affect marine interests. This service was the forerunner to the current National Weather Service.

 

1899: One of the most significant cold outbreaks to ever affect the United States occurred in early to mid-February. From the 8th-11th the statewide average temperature across Iowa was 14.6 degrees below zero making it the coldest four-day stretch on record in the state. On the 8th Sioux City experienced their coldest day on record with a daily average temperature of 24 degrees below zero, then on the 11th, they reached their second-coldest temperature on record with a low of minus 31. Overall the coldest readings were obtained on the morning of the 9th when reported low temperatures included -21 at Keokuk, -23 at Des Moines, -33 at New Hampton, -35 at Le Mars, -38 at Estherville, and -40 at Sibley. The cold across the middle of the country was so extreme and persistent that ice flowed down the Mississippi River all the way into the deep south, emerging into the Gulf of Mexico near New Orleans on February 17th. This has happened only one other time: February 13, 1784. The temperature dropped to 63 degrees below zero at Norway House, Manitoba Canada setting the province's low-temperature record.

 

1994: A devastating ice storm struck Mississippi, Louisiana and extreme northwest Alabama. Freezing rain began falling over North Mississippi during the early morning hours and continued until midday on the 10th. Ice accumulated 3 to 6 inches thick on exposed objects in the affected area. Due to the weight of the ice, power lines, trees and tree limbs were downed. Nearly one million people were without power after the storm, some for a month.

/images/abr/google/Survey/sd_20160204133536_image001.jpg

This photograph is from the NWS Office in Jacksonville, Mississippi. The pictures, as well as several others, originally appeared in a book titled "Delta Ice: The Storm of 1994." The book was a production of the Greenville Arts Council and was published by Vernon DeBolt. Click HERE for more information from the NWS Office in Jacksonville.

 

Click HERE for more This Day in Weather History from the Southeast Regional Climate Center.