National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

Coastal Storm Drifts Away From Southeast and Mid-Atlantic; Fire Weather Concerns Remain In Southern California

A strong storm is forecast to drift away from coastal sections of the Southeast/Mid-Atlantic today but a number of hazards remain in effect, from gusty winds to a variety of marine issues. The storm will bypass the Northeast on Monday, while producing coastal rain and interior frozen precipitation. Meanwhile, elevated to critical fire weather threats remain in effect across southern California. Read More >

El Niño/La Niña Information


ENSO neutral conditions are expected to prevail throughout the cold season.


The Climate Prediction Center (CPC) creates a weekly ENSO summary (with graphics), available in pdf or ppt formats.


ENSO Diagnostic Discussion

This monthly summary from CPC is also available in pdf and Word formats.



All About ENSO


  An Introduction to the El Niño/Southern Oscillation

The above link provides a basic overview of ENSO (El Niño/Southern Oscillation).  Various links to other summaries and tutorials are also provided.

 An Explanation of ENSO Indices

Descriptions of various ENSO indices are accompanied by an explanation of how the indices are used to detect/declare an El Niño or La Niña event.


El Niño and La Niña primarily affect the weather during the cold season.  What effects does the ENSO phase have on North Texas?  Click the Teleconnections link to find out!



Current Data


Sea Surface Temperatures

 Current Conditions (from CPC)

Various observations, including sea surface temperature animations.

 Images of Current Data (from ESRL)





IRI/CPC Model ENSO Predictions



CPC/IRI Probabilistic ENSO Forecast



 ENSO Forecasts (from ESRL)

 IRI ENSO Forecast



Quick Links


 Climate Prediction Center (CPC) - El Niño/La Niña Home

      ► Weekly ENSO Update (available in pdf or ppt)

      ► Monthly ENSO Diagnostic Discussion (available in pdf or Word) - ENSO Information

  Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) - ENSO Information

 Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) - El Niño Theme Page

  International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) - ENSO Resources