National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

About Skywarn

 

SKYWARN, founded in the early 1970's is made up of a group of trained, dedicated amateur weather enthusiasts who work in conjunction with the National Weather Service by observing and reporting adverse weather conditions to promote public safety and minimize property damage. In the advent of Doppler Radar and other technologies, the science of weather forecasting has made great strides, but even with all the technology, the National Weather Service still is in need of 'ground truth' observers. It is through training that the NWS teaches interested volunteers to be safe, effective and accurate weather spotters who provide them with the needed ground truths.

SKYWARN, generally speaking, is placed on stand-by when a severe weather watch is posted by the National Weather Service. Once that watch is upgraded to a warning, SKYWARN becomes activated, and spotters are asked to make severe weather observations. After making an observation that is reportable, there are several ways to relay the information to the National Weather Forecast Office: telephone, amateur radio, social media, and an online storm report form. Some of the reports are used to send out statements, warnings, and short-term forecasts to the public via the media. The reports also go into "Storm Data", which is a publication that documents severe weather across the country and can be used to create a severe weather climatology database of a specific county, city, or region of the country.

 

Becoming a Spotter

 

You must be at least 18 years old, be able to observe weather (though no instruments are required), and have access to a telephone or be an amateur radio operator so you can relay your reports. Note: You do not have to be an amateur radio operator to be a SKYWARN SPOTTER. You also must take a SKYWARN class which is a free, informative, fun filled 2 to 3-hour seminar that teaches you the basics of how SKYWARN operates, how to spot and report severe weather. After completing the class, you will receive a spotter ID number. All SKYWARN Spotter Training Courses are free and are held between May and September (there are no classes in June, July, and August) in various sites through the 34 county Mount Holly Forecast Coverage Area within most of New Jersey, Eastern Pennsylvania, Eastern Maryland and Delaware. If you are interested in obtaining training, please go to our Training Page where a list of training sessions will be posted as soon as they are scheduled.

 

Training Schedule

 

Thank you for your interest in the Skywarn program! If you are interested in the recorded version, please fill out the form here to be sent a link with the latest version (newly updated as of Fall 2020).

 

 
Date Time Location County Register

Tuesday, October 13

7 -9 PM

Online

Webinar

N/A Please register at both links:
Spotter Registration

Webinar Registration

Monday, December 7

6 -8 PM

Online

Webinar

N/A Please register at both links:
Spotter Registration

Webinar Registration
TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA

Coordinator Structure


Purpose


The National Weather Service Mount Holly SKYWARN Program migrated from a county to regional based structure in January 2017. This framework consists of the Delmarva (Delaware/Maryland), New Jersey, and Pennsylvania Regions. The goal of this is twofold: to increase the number of severe weather reports and to address a number of counties in which there were no coordinators in place.

The SKYWARN Team recognizes that local knowledge is vital. To that end, both Coordinators and Assistant Coordinators from the county system are strongly encouraged to participate in the regional structure. Ultimately, their roles will be determined based upon the expertise and location of each individual, as well as the need in each area (spotters). Additionally, members of the former county based structure that are not interested in participating in the regional structure are asked to contact only NWS Mount Holly (see table below), so that we may update our records.

This is a very exciting time to be part of the Mount Holly SKYWARN Program. Those who would like to contribute to the bright future of this program, whether you’re a former, prospective, or existing member, may contact the Regional Coordinator in your respective area.

 

Contact Information

 

NWS Mount Holly

*** Do not storm submit reports via the email address below. Please use the information under the Submit a Report tab***

Name

Affiliation

Email

Phone

Sarah Johnson

SKYWARN Focal Point

sarah.johnson@noaa.gov

609-261-6615

 

Regional Coordinators

*** Do not storm submit reports via the email addresses below. Please use the information under the Submit a Report tab ***

Name

Region

Email

JJ Farnan

Delmarva

 

Dennis Dura

New Jersey

k2dcd.dura@gmail.com

Lou Ruh

Pennsylvania

lou@wx3i.net

 

Regions


There are three regions within the NWS Mount Holly County Warning Area (CWA):

  • Pennsylvania Region (blue)
  • New Jersey Region (orange)
  • Delmarva Region (green)

 

SKYWARN Recognition Day

This event, observed since 1999, gives us an opportunity to thank SKYWARN volunteers for the important contributions they make!

 

 

Amateur radio operators made numerous contacts using WX2PHI on December 5, 2015.  In addition to other National Weather Service Offices, they also made contacts in Austria, England, and Ukraine!  More recently, they also participated in SKYWARN Recognition Day on December 3, 2016.

More information on SKYWARN Recognition Day is available at this link.

HAM Radio Frequencies

Delaware

County

Frequency

Kent

Primary 146.97 PL 77.0

Secondary 147.300 PL 77.0

New Castle

Primary 448.825 PL -131.8
Secondary: 146.700 PL - 131.8

Sussex

Primary 147.330 + PL 156.7

 

 

Maryland

County

Frequency

Caroline

 

Cecil

Primary 146.850/146.250 PL 107.2  Secondary 449.825/444.825 PL 167.9

Kent

147.375, PL 156.7

Queen Anne’s

VHF 2M 146.940 MHz(- 0.600 offset) PL tone of 107.2

UHF 70 cm 448.225 MHz (-5.000 offset) PL tone of 107.2

Talbot

Primary 147.045

 

 

New Jersey

County

Frequency

Atlantic

146.745 MHZ split down
146.2 PL

Burlington

147.150+

145.470-

PL 127.3 for both

Camden

 

Cape May

Primary 146.61 minus offset PL 88.5

Secondary 144.33 Simplex Encode 203.5

Cumberland

Primary 147.255 PL 179.9

Secondary 146.805 - PL 118.8

Secondary (if no VHF repeater available) 448.125 PL 192.8

Gloucester

147.180 + 131.8 (GCARC)

442.100 + PL 131.8 (GCARC)

Hunterdon

Primary 147.375 PL 151.4

Secondary 147.015 PL 151.4

Mercer

Primary 147.105 MHz, PL 123.0 

Middlesex

Primary 146.760 PL 156.7
Simulcast: 443.200 PL 141.3
Echolink K2GE Node# 155481 or N2JWX Node #584740

Monmouth

Primary 147.045 PL 67.0

Secondary 448.725 PL 127.3

Morris

145.370 (-) PL 151.4

Ocean

Primary 146.955 PL 103.5

Secondary 146.835 PL 127.3

Salem

Primary 146.625

Somerset

Primary 445.725 PL 141.3

Secondary 448.175 PL 141.3

Alt. 224.880

Sussex

Primary 146.925 (-) PL 151.4

Secondary 147.300 (-) PL 151.4

Warren

Primary 146.820 (-) PL 110.9

Secondary 443.850 (+) PL 110.9

IRLP Node #4909

 

 

Pennsylvania

County

Frequency

Berks

Primary 147.180 PL 110.9

Secondary 145.490 PL 114.8

Alternate 145.15 PL 114.8 (C4FM digital mode‚Äč only)

Bucks

Primary 147.30 PL 131.8

Secondary 145.30 PL 131.8

Carbon

Primary 147.255 PL 162.2

Chester

Primary 446.525 PL 100.0

Delaware

446.775 - PL 88.5

224.220 - PL 173.8

Lehigh

Primary 146.940 (-) PL 71.9

Secondary 146.700 (-) PL 151.4

Tertiary 147.135 (+) PL 167.9

Northampton

Same as Lehigh County (above)

Monroe

Primary 145.23 PL 77.0

Secondary 146.865 PL 100.0 (OES)

Montgomery

146.835 PL 88.5 AA3E

Primary 145.190 PL 131.8 N3ZA

Secondary W3FRC 147.270

CSQ Alternate

Philadelphia

Primary 147.360 PL 131.8; 224.500 PL 131.8 Secondary 444.050 PL 131.8

 

 

Frequencies by System and Group

 

WA3BXW (Bears) Repeater System

County, State

Frequency

Lower Bucks, PA

444.200+ PL 131.8

Lower Monroe, PA

444.250+ PL 131.8

Upper Bucks, PA

442.950+ PL 131.8

Chester, PA

447.125-  PL 131.8

Cecil, MD

447.325-  PL 131.8

Ocean, MD

447.225-  PL 131.8

Atlantic & Cumberland, NJ

447.425-  PL 131.8

Somerset, NJ

444.500+ PL 131.8

Kent, DE

449.725-  PL 131.8

 

 

N3MSK UHF Repeater System

Counties

Frequency

Somerset, NJ

445.725   PL 141.3

Hunterdon, NJ

449.575-  PL 151.4

Central Bucks, PA

447.975-  PL 127.3

 

 

Complex Repeater Group

Counties

Frequency

Lehigh, PA

146.655-  PL 136.5

Cecil, MD

147.165+ PL 107.2

Bucks, PA

147.300-  PL 131.8

Monroe, PA

145.230-  PL  77.0

Warren, NJ

147.015+ PL 151.4

Submit a Report!

Send a Storm Report to NWS Mount Holly Privacy Policy
Users can send storm reports via email to the following email address: Please provide the following information:
  • Name and/or Skywarn ID
  • Phone number
  • City, county, and state
  • Latitude and longitude (if known)
  • Date and time of the weather event
  • Type and description of weather observed (see the table below)
  • Photographs of measurement and/or damage, if possible
 
The National Weather Service in Mount Holly NJ greatly appreciates the cooperation
and dedication of all of our spotters and cooperative weather observers.


What to Report?

Tornadoes

Flooding

Winter Weather

  • Tornado
  • Funnel cloud
  • Wall cloud
  • Persistent rotation
  • Flooding that results in evacuations
  • Water rescues: cars, roofs, or trees
  • Water rapidly rising, or entering homes, not just basements
  • Roads impassable or closed due to high water
  • Small streams or rivers overflowing their banks
  • Moderate coastal flooding, not just nuisance inundation
  • 1”+ snow in 24 hours
  • 1”+ snow in past hour
  • Freezing rain/drizzle
  • Any ice accumulation

Thunderstorms

Miscellaneous

  • Tree uprooted or downed
  • > 1 large limb downed
  • Power lines downed
  • Hail (any size)
  • Rain > 1” in past hour
  • Winds > 40 MPH
  • Damage to structures
  • Tsunami

Any injuries or deaths that are weather related

 

Note: Lightning is not a reportable phenomenon, but lightning related damage and casualties are.