National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

Threat of dangerous surf and rip currents continues for East Coast due to Jose

Tropical Storm Jose will continue to weaken as it moves northeastward then returns southwestward while remaining off the Northeast coast. Jose will produce rain with embedded thunderstorms over parts of coastal Southern New England through Friday. Swells generated by Jose will bring the risk of dangerous surf and rip current conditions for much of the U.S. east coast during the next several days. Read More >

Frequently used contractions in National Weather Service Products

 

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | W | Y | Z

 

A

  ABNDT - Abundant 
  ABNML - Abnormal 
  ABT - About 
  ABV - Above 
  AC - Convective Outlook 
  ACCAS - Altocumulus Castellanus 
  ACCUM - Accumulate 
  ACFT - Aircraft 
  ACLT - Accelerate 
  ACLTD - Accelerated 
  ACLTG - Accelerating 
  ACLTS - Accelerates 
  ACPY - Accompany 
  ACRS - Across 
  ACSL - Altocumulus Standing Lenticularus 
  ACTV - Active 
  ACTVTY - Activity 
  ACYC - Anticyclone 
  ADJ - Adjacent 
  ADL - Additional 
  ADQT - Adequate 
  ADQTLY - Adequately 
  ADRNDCK - Adirondack 
  ADVCT - Advect 
  ADVCTD - Advected 
  ADVCTG - Advecting 
  ADVCTN - Advection 
  ADVCTS - Advects 
  ADVN - Advance 
  ADVNG - Advancing 
  ADVY - Advisory 
  ADVYS - Advisories 
  AFCT - Affect 
  AFCTD - Affected 
  AFCTG - Affecting 
  AFDK - After dark 
  AFOS - Automated Field Operations System 
  AFT - After 
  AFTN - Afternoon 
  AGL - Above ground level 
  AGN - Again 
  AGRD - Agreed 
  AGRS - Agrees 
  AGRMT - Agreement 
  AHD - Ahead 
  AK - Alaska 
  AL - Alabama 
  ALF - Aloft 
  ALG - Along 
  ALGHNY - Allegheny 
  ALQDS - All quadrants 
  ALSTG - Altimeter setting 
  ALTA - Alberta 
  ALTHO - Although 
  ALTM - Altimeter 
  ALUTN - Aleutian 
  AMD - Amend 
  AMDD - Amended 
  AMDG - Amending 
  AMDT - Amendment 
  AMP - Amplify 
  AMPG - Amplifying 
  AMPLTD - Amplitude 
  AMS - Air mass 
  AMT - Amount 
  ANLYS - Analysis 
  ANS - Answer 
  AOA - At or above 
  AOB - At or below 
  AP - Anomolous Propagation 
  APCH - Approach 
  APCHG - Approaching 
  APCHS - Approaches 
  APLCN - Appalachian 
  APLCNS - Appalachians 
  APPR - Appear 
  APPRG - Appearing 
  APPRS - Appears 
  APRNT - Apparent 
  APRNTLY - Apparently 
  APRX - Approximate 
  APRXLY - Approximately 
  AR - Arkansas 
  ARND - Around 
  ARPT - Airport 
  ASAP - As soon as possible 
  ASL - Above Sea Level 
  ASMD - As amended 
  ASSOCD - Associated 
  ASSOCN - Association 
  ATLC - Atlantic 
  ATTM - At this time 
  ATTN - Attention 
  AVBL - Available 
  AVG - Average 
  AVN - Aviation Model 
  AWT - Awaiting 
  AZ - Arizona 
  AZM - Azimuth

B

  BACLIN - Baroclinic 
  BAJA - Baja California 
  BATROP - Barotropic 
  BC - British Columbia 
  BCH - Beach 
  BCKG - Backing 
  BCM - Become 
  BCMG - Becoming 
  BCMS - Becomes 
  BD - Blowing dust 
  BDA - Bermuda 
  BDRY - Boundary 
  BFDK - Before dark 
  BFR - Before 
  BGN - Begin 
  BGNG - Beginning 
  BGNS - Begins 
  BHND - Behind 
  BINOVC - Breaks in overcast 
  BKN - Broken 
  BLD - Build 
  BLDG - Building 
  BLDS - Builds 
  BLDUP - Buildup 
  BLKHLS - Black Hills 
  BLKT - Blanket 
  BLKTG - Blanketing 
  BLKTS - Blankets 
  BLO - Below 
  BLZD - Blizzard 
  BN - Blowing sand 
  BND - Bound 
  BNDRY - Boundary 
  BNDRYS - Boundaries 
  BNTH - Beneath 
  BOOTHEEL - Bootheel 
  BR - Branch 
  BRG - Branching 
  BRS - Branches 
  BRF - Brief 
  BRK - Break 
  BRKG - Breaking 
  BRKHIC - Breaks in higher clouds 
  BRKS - Breaks 
  BRKSHR - Berkshire 
  BRKSHRS - Berkshires 
  BRM - Barometer 
  BS - Blowing snow 
  BTWN - Between 
  BYD - Beyond 

C

  C - Celsius 
  CA - California 
  CAA - Cold Air Advection 
  CARIB - Caribbean 
  CASCDS - Cascades 
  CAVOK - Ceiling and visibility OK 
  CAVU - Ceiling and visibility unlimited 
  CB - Cumulonimbus 
  CBS - Cumulonimbi 
  CC - Cirrocumulus 
  CCLDS - Clear of clouds 
  CCLKWS - Counter-clockwise 
  CCSL - Standing lenticular cirrocumulus 
  CDFNT - Cold front 
  CDFNTL - Cold frontal 
  CFP - Cold front passage 
  CG - Cloud-to-ground 
  CHC - Chance 
  CHCS - Chances 
  CHG - Change 
  CHGD - Changed 
  CHGG - Changing 
  CHGS - Changes 
  CHSPK - Chesepeake 
  CI - Cirrus 
  CIG - Ceiling 
  CIGS - Ceilings 
  CLD - Cloud 
  CLDNS - Cloudiness 
  CLDS - Clouds 
  CLKWS - Clockwise 
  CLR - Clear 
  CLRG - Clearing 
  CLRS - Clears 
  CMPLX - Complex 
  CNCL - Cancel 
  CNCLD - Cancelled 
  CNCLG - Cancelling 
  CNCLS - Cancels 
  CNDN - Canadian 
  CNTR - Center 
  CNTRD - Centered 
  CNTRLN - Centerline 
  CNTRS - Centers 
  CNTRL - Central 
  CNTY - County 
  CNTYS - Counties 
  CNVG - Converge 
  CNVGG - Converging 
  CNVGNC - Convergence 
  CNVTN - Convection 
  CNVTV - Convective 
  CNVTVLY - Convectively 
  CNFDC - Confidence 
  CO - Colorado 
  COMPAR - Compare 
  COMPARG - Comparing 
  COMPARD - Compared 
  COMPARS - Compares 
  COND - Conditions 
  CONT - Continue 
  CONTD - Continued 
  CONTLY - Continually 
  CONTG - Continuing 
  CONTRAILS - Condensation Trails 
  CONTS - Continues 
  CONTDVD - Continental Divide 
  CONUS - Continental U.S. 
  COORD - Coordinate 
  COR - Correction 
  CPBL - Capable 
  CRC - Circle 
  CRCLC - Circulate 
  CRCLN - Circulation 
  CRNR - Corner 
  CRNRS - Corners 
  CRS - Course 
  CS - Cirrostratus 
  CSDR - Consider 
  CSDRBL - Considerable 
  CST - Coast 
  CSTL - Coastal 
  CT - Connecticut 
  CTGY - Category 
  CTSKLS - Catskills 
  CU - Cumulus 
  CUFRA - Cumulus Fractus 
  CVR - Cover 
  CVRD - Covered 
  CVRG - Covering 
  CVRS - Covers 
  CYC - Cyclonic 
  CYCLGN - Cyclogenesis 

 D

  DABRK - Daybreak 
  DALGT - Day light 
  DBL - Double 
  DC - District of Columbia 
  DCR - Decrease 
  DCRD - Decreased 
  DCRG - Decreasing 
  DCRGLY - Decreasingly 
  DCRS - Decreases 
  DE - Delaware 
  DEG - Degree 
  DEGS - Degrees 
  DELMARVA - Delaware-Maryland-Virginia 
  DFCLT - Difficult 
  DFCLTY - Difficulty 
  DFNT - Definite 
  DFNTLY - Definitely 
  DFRS - Differs 
  DFUS - Diffuse 
  DGNL - Diagonal 
  DGNLLY - Diagonally 
  DIGG - Digging 
  DIR - Direction 
  DISC - Discontinue 
  DISCD - Discontinued 
  DISCG - Discontinuing 
  DISRE - Disregard 
  DISRED - Disregarded 
  DISREG - Disregarding 
  DKTS - Dakotas 
  DLA - Delay 
  DLAD - Delayed 
  DLT - Delete 
  DLTD - Deleted 
  DLTG - Deleting 
  DLY - Daily 
  DMG - Damage 
  DMGD - Damaged 
  DMGG - Damaging 
  DMNT - Dominant 
  DMSH - Diminish 
  DMSHD - Diminished 
  DMSHG - Diminishing 
  DMSHS - Diminishes 
  DNDFTS - Downdrafts 
  DNS - Dense 
  DNSLP - Downslope 
  DNSTRM - Downstream 
  DNWND - Down wind 
  DP - Deep 
  DPND - Deepened 
  DPNS - Deepens 
  DPR - Deeper 
  DPNG - Deepening 
  DPTH - Depth 
  DRFT - Drift 
  DRFTD - Drifted 
  DRFTG - Drifting 
  DRFTS - Drifts 
  DRZL - Drizzle 
  DSCNT - Descent 
  DSIPT - Dissipate 
  DSIPTD - Dissipated 
  DSIPTG - Dissipating 
  DSIPTN - Dissipation 
  DSIPTS - Dissipates 
  DSND - Descend 
  DSNDG - Descending 
  DSNDS - Descends 
  DSNT - Distant 
  DSTBLZ - Destabilize 
  DSTBLZD - Destabilized 
  DSTBLZG - Destablizing 
  DSTBLZS - Destablizes 
  DSTBLZN - Destablization 
  DSTC - Distance 
  DTRT - Deteriorate 
  DTRTD - Deteriorated 
  DTRTG - Deteriorating 
  DTRTS - Deteriorates 
  DURG - During 
  DURN - Duration 
  DVLP - Develop 
  DVLPD - Developed 
  DVLPG - Developing 
  DVLPMT - Development 
  DVLPS - Develops 
  DVRG - Diverge 
  DVRGG - Diverging 
  DVRGNC - Divergence 
  DVRGS - Diverges 
  DVV - Downward vertical velocity 
  DWNDFTS - Downdrafts 
  DWPNT - Dewpoint 
  DWPNTS - Dewpoints 
  DX - Duplex 

 E

  E - East 
  EBND - East bound 
  EFCT - Effect 
  ELNGT - Elongate 
  ELNGTD - Elongated 
  ELSW - Elsewhere 
  EMBDD - Embedded 
  EMERG - Emergency 
  ENCTR - Encounter 
  ENDG - Ending 
  ENE - East-northeast 
  ENELY - East-northeasterly 
  ENERN - East-northeastern 
  ENEWD - East-northeastward 
  ENHNC - Enhance 
  ENHNCD - Enhanced 
  ENHNCG - Enhancing 
  ENHNCS - Enhances 
  ENHNCMNT - Enhancement 
  ENTR - Entire 
  ERN - Eastern 
  ERY - Early 
  ERYR - Earlier 
  ESE - East-southeast 
  ESELY - East-southeasterly 
  ESERN - East-southeastern 
  ESEWD - East-southeastward 
  ESNTL - Essential 
  ESTAB - Establish 
  ESTS - Estimates 
  ETA - Eta model 
  ETC - Et cetera 
  ETIM - Elapsed time 
  EVE - Evening 
  EWD - Eastward 
  EXCLV - Exclusive 
  EXCLVLY - Exclusively 
  EXCP - Except 
  EXPC - Expect 
  EXPCD - Expected 
  EXPCG - Expecting 
  EXTD - Extend 
  EXTDD - Extended 
  EXTDG - Extending 
  EXTDS - Extends 
  EXTN - Extension 
  EXTRAP - Extrapolate 
  EXTRAPD - Extrapolated 
  EXTRM - Extreme 
  EXTRMLY - Extremely 
  EXTSV - Extensive 

F

  F - Farenheit 
  FA - Aviation area forecast 
  FAH - Farenheit 
  FAM - Familiar 
  FCST - Forecast 
  FCSTD - Forecasted 
  FCSTG - Forecasting 
  FCSTR - Forecaster 
  FCSTS - Forecasts 
  FIG - Figure 
  FILG - Filling 
  FIRAV - First available 
  FL - Florida 
  FLG - Falling 
  FLRY - Flurry 
  FLRYS - Flurries 
  FLT - Flight 
  FLW - Follow 
  FLWG - Following 
  FM - From 
  FMT - Format 
  FNCTN - Function 
  FNT - Front 
  FNTL - Frontal 
  FNTS - Fronts 
  FNTGNS - Frontogenesis 
  FNTLYS - Frontolysis 
  FORNN - Forenoon 
  FPM - Feet per minute 
  FQT - Frequent 
  FQTLY - Frequently 
  FRM - Form 
  FRMG - Forming 
  FRMN - Formation 
  FROPA - Frontal passage 
  FROSFC - Frontal surface 
  FRST - Frost 
  FRWF - Forecast wind factor 
  FRZ - Freeze 
  FRZN - Frozen 
  FRZG - Freezing 
  FT - Feet 
  FT - Terminal forecast 
  FTHR - Further 
  FVRBL - Favorable 
  FWD - Forward 
  FYI - For your information 

G

  G - Gust 
  GA - Georgia 
  GEN - General 
  GENLY - Generally 
  GEO - Geographic 
  GEOREF - Geographical reference 
  GF - Ground fog 
  GICG - Glaze icing 
  GLFALSK - Gulf of Alaska 
  GLFCAL - Gulf of California 
  GLFMEX - Gulf of Mexico 
  GLFSTLAWR - Gulf of St. Lawrence 
  GND - Ground 
  GNDFG - Ground fog 
  GRAD - Gradient 
  GRDL - Gradual 
  GRDLY - Gradually 
  GRT - Great 
  GRTLY - Greatly 
  GRTR - Greater 
  GRTST - Greatest 
  GRTLKS - Great Lakes 
  GSTS - Gusts 
  GSTY - Gusty 
  GV - Ground visibility 

H

  HAZ - Hazard 
  HCVIS - High clouds visible 
  HDFRZ - Hard freeze 
  HDSVLY - Hudson Valley 
  HDWND - Head wind 
  HGT - Height 
  HI - High 
  HIER - Higher 
  HIFOR - High level forecast 
  HLF - Half 
  HLTP - Hilltop 
  HLSTO - Hailstones 
  HLYR - Haze layer aloft 
  HND - Hundred 
  HR - Hour 
  HRS - Hours 
  HRZN - Horizon 
  HTG - Heating 
  HURCN - Hurricane 
  HUREP - Hurricane report 
  HV - Have 
  HVY - Heavy 
  HVYR - Heavier 
  HVYST - Heaviest 
  HWVR - However 
  HWY - Highway 

I

  IA - Iowa 
  IC - Ice 
  ICG - Icing 
  ICGIC - Icing in clouds 
  ICGIP - Icing in precipitation 
  ID - Idaho 
  IL - Illinois 
  IMDT - Immediate 
  IMDTLY - Immediately 
  IMPL - Impulse 
  IMPLS - Impulses 
  IMPT - Important 
  INCL - Include 
  INCLD - Included 
  INCLG - Including 
  INCLS - Includes 
  INCR - Increase 
  INCRD - Increased 
  INCRG - Increasing 
  INCRGLY - Increasingly 
  INCRS - Increases 
  INDC - Indicate 
  INDCD - Indicated 
  INDCG - Indicating 
  INDCS - Indicates 
  INDEF - Indefinite 
  INFO - Information 
  INLD - Inland 
  INSTBY - Instability 
  INTCNTL - Intercontinental 
  INTL - International 
  INTMD - Intermediate 
  INTMT - Intermittent 
  INTMTLY - Intermittently 
  INTR - Interior 
  INTRMTRGN - Intermountain region 
  INTS - Intense 
  INTSFCN - Intensification 
  INTSFY - Intensify 
  INTSFYD - Intensified 
  INTSFYG - Intensifying 
  INTSFYS - Intensifies 
  INTSTY - Intensity 
  INTVL - Interval 
  INVRN - Inversion 
  IOVC - In overcast 
  INVOF - In vicinity of 
  IP - Ice pellets 
  IPV - Improve 
  IPVG - Improving 
  IR - Infrared 
  ISOL - Isolate 
  ISOLD - Isolated 

J

  JCTN - Junction 
  JTSTR - Jet stream 

K

  KFRST - Killing frost 
  KLYR - Smoke layer aloft 
  KOCTY - Smoke over city 
  KS - Kansas 
  KT - Knots 
  KY - Kentucky 

L

  LA - Louisiana 
  LABRDR - Labrador 
  LAT - Latitude 
  LCL - Local 
  LCLY - Locally 
  LCTD - Located 
  LCTN - Location 
  LCTMP - Little change in temperature 
  LEVEL - Level 
  LFM - Limited Fine Mesh Model 
  LFTG - Lifting 
  LGRNG - Long range 
  LGT - Light 
  LGTR - Lighter 
  LGWV - Long wave 
  LI - Lifted Index 
  LIS - Lifted indices 
  LK - Lake 
  LKS - Lakes 
  LKLY - Likely 
  LLJ - Low Level Jet 
  LLWS - Low Level Wind Shear 
  LLWAS - Low level wind shear alert system 
  LMTD - Limited 
  LMTG - Limiting 
  LMTS - Limits 
  LN - Line 
  LN - Lines 
  LO - Low 
  LONG - Longitude 
  LONGL - Longitudnal 
  LRG - Large 
  LRGLY - Largely 
  LRGR - Larger 
  LRGST - Largest 
  LST - Local standard time 
  LTD - Limited 
  LTG - Lightning 
  LTGCC - Lightning cloud-to-cloud 
  LTGCG - Lightning cloud-to-ground 
  LTGCCCG - Lightning cloud-to-cloud cloud-to-ground 
  LTGCW - Lightning cloud-to-water 
  LTGIC - Lightning in cloud 
  LTL - Little 
  LTLCG - Little change 
  LTR - Later 
  LTST - Latest 
  LV - Leaving 
  LVL - Level 
  LVLS - Levels 
  LWR - Lower 
  LWRD - Lowered 
  LWRG - Lowering 
  LYR - Layer 
  LYRD - Layered 
  LYRS - Layers 

M

  MA - Massachusetts 
  MAN - Manitoba 
  MAX - Maximum 
  MB - Millibars 
  MCD - Mesoscale discussion 
  MD - Maryland 
  MDFY - Modify 
  MDFYD - Modified 
  MDFYG - Modifying 
  MDL - Model 
  MDLS - Models 
  MDT - Moderate 
  MDTLY - Moderately 
  ME - Maine 
  MED - Medium 
  MEGG - Merging 
  MESO - Mesoscale 
  MET - Meteorological 
  METRO - Metropolitan 
  MEX - Mexico 
  MHKVLY - Mohawk Valley 
  MI - Michigan 
  MID - Middle 
  MIDN - Midnight 
  MIL - Military 
  MIN - Minimum 
  MISG - Missing 
  MLTLVL - Melting level 
  MN - Minnesota 
  MNLND - Mainland 
  MNLY - Mainly 
  MO - Missouri 
  MOGR - Moderate or greater 
  MOV - Move 
  MOVD - Moved 
  MOVG - Moving 
  MOVMT - Movement 
  MOVS - Moves 
  MPH - Miles per hour 
  MRGL - Marginal 
  MRGLLY - Marginally 
  MRNG - Morning 
  MRTM - Maritime 
  MS - Mississippi 
  MSG - Message 
  MSL - Mean sea level 
  MST - Most 
  MSTLY - Mostly 
  MSTR - Moisture 
  MT - Montana 
  MTN - Mountain 
  MTNS - Mountains 
  MULT - Multiple 
  MULTILVL - Multi-level 
  MXD - Mixed 

N

  N - North 
  NAB - Not above 
  NAT - North Atlantic 
  NATL - National 
  NAV - Navigation 
  NB - New Brunswick 
  NBND - Northbound 
  NBRHD - Neighborhood 
  NC - North Carolina 
  NCWX - No change in weather 
  ND - North Dakota 
  NE - Northeast 
  NEB - Nebraska 
  NEC - Necessary 
  NEG - Negative 
  NEGLY - Negatively 
  NELY - Northeasterly 
  NERN - Northeastern 
  NEWD - Northeastward 
  NEW ENG - New England 
  NFLD - Newfoundland 
  NGM - Nested Grid Model 
  NGT - Night 
  NH - New Hampshire 
  NIL - None 
  NJ - New Jersey 
  NL - No layers 
  NLT - Not later than 
  NLY - Northerly 
  NM - New Mexico 
  NMBR - Number 
  NMBRS - Numbers 
  NMC - National Meteorological Center 
  NML - Normal 
  NMRS - Numerous 
  NNE - North-northeast 
  NNELY - North-northeasterly 
  NNERN - North-northeastern 
  NNEWD - North-northeastward 
  NNW - North-northwest 
  NNWLY - North-northwesterly 
  NNWRN - North-northwestern 
  NNWWD - North-northwestward 
  NNNN - End of message 
  NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
  NOPAC - Northern Pacific 
  NPRS - Nonpersistent 
  NR - Near 
  NRLY - Nearly 
  NRN - Northern 
  NRW - Narrow 
  NS - Nova Scotia 
  NTFY - Notify 
  NTFYD - Notified 
  NV - Nevada 
  NVA - Negative vorticity advection 
  NW - Northwest 
  NWD - Northward 
  NWLY - Northwesterly 
  NWRN - Northwestern 
  NWS - National Weather Service 
  NY - New York 
  NXT - Next 

O

  OAT - Outside Air Temperature
  OBND - Outbound
  OBS - Observation 
  OBSC - Obscure 
  OBSCD - Obscured 
  OBSCG - Obscuring 
  OCFNT - Occluded front 
  OCLD - Occlude 
  OCLDS - Occludes 
  OCLDD - Occluded 
  OCLDG - Occluding 
  OCLN - Occlusion 
  OCNL - Occasional 
  OCNLY - Occasionally 
  OCR - Occur 
  OCRD - Occurred 
  OCRG - Occurring 
  OCRS - Occurs 
  OFC - Office 
  OFP - Occluded frontal passage 
  OFSHR - Offshore 
  OH - Ohio 
  OK - Oklahoma 
  OMTNS - Over mountains 
  ONSHR - On shore 
  OR - Oregon 
  ORGPHC - Orographic 
  ORIG - Original 
  OSV - Ocean station vessel 
  OTLK - Outlook 
  OTP - On top 
  OTR - Other 
  OTRW - Otherwise 
  OUTFLO - Outflow 
  OVC - Overcast 
  OVNGT - Overnight 
  OVR - Over 
  OVRN - Overrun 
  OVRNG - Overrunning 
  OVTK - Overtake 
  OVTKG - Overtaking 
  OVTKS - Overtakes 

P

  PA - Pennsylvania
  PAC - Pacific 
  PBL - Planetary boundary layer 
  PCPN - Precipitation 
  PD - Period 
  PDS - Periods 
  PDMT - Predominant 
  PEN - Peninsula 
  PERM - Permanent 
  PGTSND - Puget Sound 
  PHYS - Physical 
  PIBAL - Pilot balloon observation 
  PIBALS - Pilot balloon reports 
  PIREP - Pilot weather report 
  PIREPS - Pilot weather reports 
  PLNS - Plains 
  PLS - Please 
  PLTO - Plateau 
  PM - Post meridian 
  PNHDL - Panhandle 
  POS - Positive 
  POSLY - Positively 
  PPINE - PPI no echoes 
  PPSN - Present position 
  PRBL - Probable 
  PRBLY - Probably 
  PRBLTY - Probability 
  PRECD - Precede 
  PRECDD - Preceded 
  PRECDG - Preceding 
  PRECDS - Precedes 
  PRES - Pressure 
  PRESFR - Pressure falling rapidly 
  PRESRR - Pressure rising rapidly 
  PRIM - Primary 
  PRIN - Principal 
  PRIND - Present indications are 
  PRJMP - Pressure jump 
  PROC - Procedure 
  PROD - Produce 
  PRODG - Producing 
  PROG - Forecast 
  PROGD - Forecasted 
  PROGS - Forecasts 
  PRSNT - Present 
  PRSNTLY - Presently 
  PRST - Persist 
  PRSTS - Persists 
  PRSTNC - Persistence 
  PRSTNT - Persistent 
  PRVD - Provide 
  PRVDD - Provided 
  PRVDG - Providing 
  PRVDS - Provides 
  PS - Plus 
  PSBL - Possible 
  PSBLY - Possibly 
  PSBLTY - Possiblity 
  PSG - Passage 
  PSN - Position 
  PSND - Positioned 
  PTCHY - Patchy 
  PTLY - Partly 
  PTNL - Potential 
  PTNLY - Potentially 
  PTNS - Portions 
  PUGET - Puget Sound 
  PVA - Positive vorticity advection 
  PVL - Prevail 
  PVLD - Prevailed 
  PVLG - Prevailing 
  PVLS - Prevails 
  PVLT - Prevalent 
  PWR - Power 

Q

  QN - Question 
  QPFERD - NMC excessive rainfall discussion 
  QPFHSD - NMC heavy snow discussion 
  QPFSPD - NMC special precipitation discussion 
  QSTNRY - Quasistationary 
  QUAD - Quadrant 
  QUE - Quebec 

R

  R - Rain
  RADAT - Radiosonde observation data 
  RAOB - Radiosonde observation 
  RAOBS - Radiosonde observations 
  RCH - Reach 
  RCHD - Reached 
  RCHG - Reaching 
  RCHS - Reaches 
  RCKY - Rocky 
  RCKYS - Rockies 
  RCMD - Recommend 
  RCMDD - Recommended 
  RCMDG - Recommending 
  RCMDS - Recommends 
  RCRD - Record 
  RCRDS - Records 
  RCV - Receive 
  RCVD - Received 
  RCVG - Receiving 
  RCVS - Receives 
  RDC - Reduce 
  RDGG - Ridging 
  RDR - Radar 
  RDVLP - Redevelop 
  RDVLPG - Redeveloping 
  RDVLPMT - Redevelopment 
  RE - Regard 
  RECON - Reconnaissance 
  REF - Reference 
  RES - Reserve 
  RGL - Regional Model 
  RGT - Right 
  RHINO - RHI not operative 
  RI - Rhode Island 
  RLBL - Reliable 
  REPL - Replace 
  REPLD - Replaced 
  REPLG - Replacing 
  REPLS - Replaces 
  REQ - Request 
  REQS - Requests 
  REQSTD - Requested 
  RESP - Response 
  RESTR - Restrict 
  RGD - Ragged 
  RGLR - Regular 
  RGN - Region 
  RGNS - Regions 
  RH - Relative Humidity 
  RIOGD - Rio Grande 
  RLTV - Relative 
  RLTVLY - Relativily 
  RMN - Remain 
  RMND - Remained 
  RMNDR - Remainder 
  RMNG - Remaining 
  RMNS - Remains 
  RNFL - Rainfall 
  ROT - Rotate 
  ROTD - Rotated 
  ROTG - Rotating 
  ROTS - Rotates 
  RPD - Rapid 
  RPDLY - Rapidly 
  RPLC - Replace 
  RPLCD - Replaced 
  RPLCG - Replacing 
  RPLCS - Replaces 
  RPRT - Report 
  RPRTD - Reported 
  RPRTG - Reporting 
  RPRTS - Reports 
  RPT - Repeat 
  RPTG - Repeating 
  RPTS - Repeats 
  RQR - Require 
  RQRD - Required 
  RQRG - Requiring 
  RQRS - Requires 
  RS - Receiver station 
  RSG - Rising 
  RSN - Reason 
  RSNG - Reasoning 
  RSNS - Reasons 
  RSTR - Restrict 
  RSTRD - Restricted 
  RSTRG - Restricting 
  RSTRS - Restricts 
  RTRN - Return 
  RTRND - Returned 
  RTRNG - Returning 
  RTRNS - Returns 
  RUF - Rough 
  RUFLY - Roughly 
  RVS - Revise 
  RVSD - Revised 
  RVSG - Revising 
  RVSS - Revises 
  RW - Rain shower 

S

  S - South
  SA - Surface observation 
  SAO - Surface observation 
  SAOS - Surface observations 
  SASK - Saskatchewan 
  SATFY - Satisfactory 
  SBND - South bound 
  SBSD - Subside 
  SBSDD - Subsided 
  SBSDNC - Subsidence 
  SBSDS - Subsides 
  SC - South Carolina 
  SCND - Second 
  SCNDRY - Secondary 
  SCSL - Standing lenticular stratocumulus 
  SCT - Scatter 
  SCTD - Scattered 
  SCTR - Sector 
  SD - South Dakota 
  SE - Southeast 
  SEC - Second 
  SELS - Severe Local Storms Unit 
  SELY - Southeasterly 
  SEPN - Separation 
  SEQ - Sequence 
  SERN - Southeastern 
  SEWD -Southeastward 
  SFC - Surface 
  SFERICS - Atmospherics 
  SG - Snow grains 
  SGFNT - Significant 
  SGFNTLY - Significantly 
  SHFT - Shift 
  SHFTD - Shifted 
  SHFTG - Shifting 
  SHFTS - Shifts 
  SHLD - Shield 
  SHLW - Shallow 
  SHRT - Short 
  SHRTLY - Shortly 
  SHRTWV - Shortwave 
  SHRTWVS - Shortwaves 
  SHUD - Should 
  SHWR - Shower 
  SHWRS - Showers 
  SIERNEV - Sierra Nevada 
  SIG - Signature 
  SIGMET - Significant meteorological information 
  SIMUL - Simultaneous 
  SKC - Sky clear 
  SKED - Schedule 
  SLD - Solid 
  SLGT - Slight 
  SLGTLY - Slightly 
  SLO - Slow 
  SLOLY - Slowly 
  SLOR - Slower 
  SLP - Slope 
  SLPG - Sloping 
  SLT - Sleet 
  SLY - Southerly 
  SM - Statute mile 
  SMK - Smoke 
  SML - Small 
  SMLR - Smaller 
  SMRY - Summary 
  SMS - Synchronus meteorological satellite 
  SMTH - Smooth 
  SMTHR - Smoother 
  SMTHST - Smoothest 
  SMTM - Sometime 
  SMWHT - Somewhat 
  SNBNK - Snow bank 
  SND - Sand 
  SNFLK - Snow flake 
  SNGL - Single 
  SNOINCR - Snow increase 
  SNOINCRG - Snow increasing 
  SNST - Sunset 
  SNW - Snow 
  SNWFL - Snowfall 
  SOP - Standard operating procedure 
  SP - Snow pellets 
  SPCLY - Especially 
  SPD - Speed 
  SPDS - Speeds 
  SPENES - Satellite precipitation estimate statement 
  SPKL - Sprinkle 
  SPKLS - Sprinkles 
  SPLNS - Southern Plains 
  SPRD - Spread 
  SPRDG - Spreading 
  SPRDS - Spreads 
  SPRL - Spiral 
  SQAL - Squall 
  SQLN - Squall line 
  SR - Sunrise 
  SRN - Southern 
  SRND - Surround 
  SRNDD - Surrounded 
  SRNDG - Surrounding 
  SRNDS - Surrounds 
  SS - Sunset 
  SSE - South-southeast 
  SSELY - South-southeasterly 
  SSERN - South-southeastern 
  SSEWD - South-southeastward 
  SSW - South-southwest 
  SSWLY - South-southwesterly 
  SSWRN - South-southwestern 
  SSWWD - South-southwestward 
  ST - Stratus 
  STAGN - Stagnation 
  STBL - Stable 
  STBLTY - Stability 
  STD - Standard 
  STDY - Steady 
  STFR - Stratus fractus 
  STFRM - Stratiform 
  STG - Strong 
  STGLY - Strongly 
  STGR - Stronger 
  STGST - Strongest 
  STLT - Satellite 
  STM - Storm 
  STMS - Storms 
  STN - Station 
  STNS - Stations 
  STNRY - Stationary 
  SUB - Substitute 
  SUBTRPCL - Subtropical 
  SUF - Sufficient 
  SUFLY - Sufficiently 
  SUG - Suggest 
  SUGG - Suggesting 
  SUGS - Suggests 
  SUP - Supply 
  SUPG - Supplying 
  SUPR - Superior 
  SUPS - Supplies 
  SUPSD - Supersede 
  SUPSDG - Superseding 
  SUPSDS - Supersedes 
  SVG - Serving 
  SVR - Severe 
  SVRL - Several 
  SW - Southwest 
  SWD - Southward 
  SWWD - Southwestward 
  SW- - Light snow shower 
  SW+ - Heavy snow shower 
  SWLG - Swelling 
  SWLY - Southwesterly 
  SWOMCD - SELS Mesoscale Discussion 
  SWRN - Southwestern 
  SX - Stability index 
  SXN - Section 
  SXNS - Sections 
  SYNOP - Synoptic 
  SYNS - Synopsis 
  SYS - System 

T

  T - Thunder
  TCNTL - Transcontinental 
  TCU - Towering cumulus 
  TDA - Today 
  TEMP - Temperature 
  THD - Thunderhead 
  THDR - Thunder 
  THK - Thick 
  THKNG - Thickening 
  THKNS - Thickness 
  THKR - Thicker 
  THKST - Thickest 
  THN - Thin 
  THNG - Thinning 
  THNR - Thinner 
  THNST - Thinnest 
  THR - Threshold 
  THRFTR - Thereafter 
  THRU - Through 
  THRUT - Throughout 
  THSD - Thousand 
  THTN - Threaten 
  THTND - Threatened 
  THTNG - Threatening 
  THTNS - Threatens 
  TIL - Until 
  TMPRY - Temporary 
  TMPRYLY - Temporarilly 
  TMW - Tomorrow 
  TN - Tennessee 
  TNDCY - Tendency 
  TNDCYS - Tendencies 
  TNGT - Tonight 
  TNTV - Tentative 
  TNTVLY - Tentatively 
  TOPS - Tops 
  TOVC - Top of overcast 
  TPG - Topping 
  TRBL - Trouble 
  TRIB - Tributary 
  TRKG - Tracking 
  TRML -Terminal 
  TRMT - Terminate 
  TRMTD - Terminated 
  TRMTG - Terminating 
  TRMTS - Terminates 
  TRNSP - Transport 
  TRNSPG - Transporting 
  TROF - Trough 
  TROFS - Troughs 
  TROP - Tropopause 
  TRPCD - Tropical continental 
  TRPCL - Tropical 
  TRRN - Terrain 
  TRSN - Transition 
  TRW - Thunderstorm 
  TRW+ - Thunderstorm with heavy rain shower 
  TSFR - Transfer 
  TSFRD - Transfered 
  TSFRG - Transfering 
  TSFRS - Transfers 
  TSHWR - Thundershower 
  TSHWRS - Thundershowers 
  TSNT - Transient 
  TSQLS - Thundersqualls 
  TSTM - Thunderstorm 
  TSTMS - Thunderstorms 
  TS - Thunderstorm with snow 
  TS+ - Thunderstorm with heavy snow 
  TSW - Thunderstorm with snow showers 
  TSW+ - Thunderstorm with heavy snow showers 
  TURBC - Turbulence 
  TURBT - Turbulent 
  TWD - Toward 
  TWDS - Towards 
  TWI - Twilight 
  TWRG - Towering 
  TX - Texas 

U

  UDDF - Up and down drafts 
  UN - Unable 
  UNAVBL - Unavailable 
  UNEC - Unnecessary 
  UNKN - Unknown 
  UNL - Unlimited 
  UNRELBL - Unreliable 
  UNRSTD - Unrestricted 
  UNSATFY - Unsatisfactory 
  UNSBL - Unseasonable 
  UNSTBL - Unstable 
  UNSTDY - Unsteady 
  UNSTL - Unsettle 
  UNSTLD - Unsettled 
  UNUSBL - Unusable 
  UPDFTS - Updrafts 
  UPR - Upper 
  UPSLP - Upslope 
  UPSTRM - Upstream 
  URG - Urgent 
  USBL - Usable 
  UT - Utah 
  UVV - Upward vertical velocity 
  UVVS - Upward vertical velocities 
  UWNDS - Upper winds 

V

  VA - Virginia
  VARN - Variation 
  VCNTY - Vicinity 
  VCOT - VFR conditions on top 
  VCTR - Vector 
  VDUC - VAS Data Utilization Center (NSSFC) 
  VFY - Verify 
  VFYD - Verified 
  VFYG - Verifying 
  VFYS - Verifies 
  VLCTY - Velocity 
  VLCTYS - Velocities 
  VLNT - Violent 
  VLNTLY - Violently 
  VLY - Valley 
  VLYS - Valleys 
  VMC - Visual meteorological conditions 
  VOL - Volume 
  VORT - Vorticity 
  VR - Veer 
  VRG - Veering 
  VRBL - Variable 
  VRISL - Vancouver Island, BC 
  VRS - Veers 
  VRT MOTN - Vertical Motion 
  VRY - Very 
  VSB - Visible 
  VSBY - Visibility 
  VSBYDR - Visibility decreasing rapidly 
  VSBYIR - Visibility increasing rapidly 
  VT - Vermont 
  VV - Vertical velocity 

W

  W - West
  WA - Washington 
  WAA - Warm Air Advection 
  WBND - West bound 
  WDLY - Widely 
  WDSPRD - Widespread 
  WEA - Weather 
  WFO - Weather Forecast Office 
  WFOS - Weather Forecast Offices 
  WFP - Warm front passage 
  WI - Wisconsin 
  WIBIS - Will be issued 
  WINT - Winter 
  WK - Weak 
  WKDAY - Weekday 
  WKEND - Weekend 
  WKNG - Weakening 
  WKNS - Weakens 
  WKR - Weaker 
  WKST - Weakest 
  WKN - Weaken 
  WL - Will 
  WLY - Westerly 
  WND - Wind 
  WNDS - Winds 
  WNW - West-northwest 
  WNWLY - West-northwesterly 
  WNWRN - West-northwestern 
  WNWWD - West-northwestward 
  WO - Without 
  WPLTO - Western Plateau 
  WRM - Warm 
  WRMG - Warming 
  WRN - Western 
  WRMR - Warmer 
  WRMST - Warmest 
  WRMFNT - Warm front 
  WRMFNTL - Warm Frontal 
  WRNG - Warning 
  WRNGS - Warnings 
  WRS - Worse 
  WSHFT - Wind shift 
  WSHFTS - Wind Shifts 
  WSFO - Weather Service Forecast Office 
  WSFOS - Weather Service Forecast Offices 
  WSO - Weather Service Office 
  WSOS - Weather Service Offices 
  WSTCH - Wasatch Range 
  WSW - West-southwest 
  WSWLY - West-southwesterly 
  WSWRN - West-southwestern 
  WSWWD - West-southwestward 
  WTR - Water 
  WTRS - Waters 
  WTSPT - Waterspout 
  WTSPTS - Waterspouts 
  WUD - Would 
  WV - West Virginia 
  WVS - Waves 
  WW - Severe Weather Watch 
  WWAMKC - Status Report 
  WWD - Westward 
  WWS - Severe Weather Watches 
  WX - Weather 
  WY - Wyoming 

X

  XCP - Except 
  XPC - Expect 
  XPCD - Expected 
  XPCG - Expecting 
  XPCS - Expects 
  XPLOS - Explosive 
  XTND - Extend 
  XTNDD - Extended 
  XTNDG - Extending 
  XTRM - Extreme 
  XTRMLY - Extremely 

Y

  YDA - Yesterday 
  YKN - Yukon 
  YLSTN - Yellowstone 

Z

  ZL - Freezing drizzle 
  ZN - Zone 
  ZNS - Zones 
  ZR - Freezing rain