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2017 Solar Eclipse      

 

 

 

 

  Summary and Eclipse Path | Climatology | Forecast | What is an Eclipse? | Eclipse Safety

August 21, 2017

A total solar eclipse will track from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic. The shadow of the moon will begin over Oregon and move east to Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, and South Carolina. Totality will begin over the US in Newport, OR at 11:16 MDT and will end near Charleston, SC at 12:48 MDT. A partial solar eclipse will be viewable over the rest of the US. Totality will track directly across Wyoming and Nebraska. At the center of totality the moon will block out the sun completely for approximately 2 minutes 40 seconds. Totality time will decrease the further you are away from the center of totality. An event of this magnitude will not occur again until 2045.

 

Eclipse Path Map


Blue Line: Center of Totality

Red Lines: Northern and Southern Boundaries of Totality

 

Wyoming Eclipse Map - Path and Times
     

Click on Images to Enlarge

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Climatology

Sunshine over most of Wyoming in the summer is a common occurrence, about 75% of the time during the summer. A minimum in cloudiness occurs in the late summer especially during the morning hours. Cumulus clouds develop almost every day contributing to partly to mostly cloudy afternoons. If you are looking for the odds of seeing the solar eclipse Wyoming the odds are in your favor. The solar eclipse will reach totality from 11:34 to 11:48 AM lasting for just over 2 minutes.

 

     
Click on Images to Enlarge

 

Total Mean Sky Cover and Frequency for Select Cities in Wyoming

 


Casper's mean hourly total sky cover based on observations from 1950 - 1990. Annual minimum shown during August from 1:00 to 5:00 AM.

Lander's mean hourly total sky cover based on observations from 1950 - 1990. Also having an annual minimum shown during August from 1:00 to 5:00 AM

Cheyenne's mean hourly total sky cover based on observations from 1950 - 1990.

Sheridan's mean hourly total sky cover based on observations from 1950 - 1990.

Casper average total sky cover frequency. Minimum cloudiness occuring in early fall.

Lander average total sky cover frequency. Sky cover minimum ranging throughout the summer months.

Cheyenne average total sky cover frequency.

Sheridan average total sky cover frequency.

Photo credit: Wyoming Climate Atlas, University of Wyoming

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August 21 2014-2016 Visible Satellite

Yearly Aug Satellite East Vis Sat

 

Over the last 3 years past satellite shows little cloud cover over Wyoming and Nebraska. Visible satellite images taken at 17Z (11:00 AM MDT). 2014 partly cloudy skies existed over Wyoming, and 2015 and 2016 had clear skies. In the summer the sun is not only visible a majority of the time, but also when the sun is most intense. Due to the elevation (most of Wyoming sits over 6,000 ft or 1,828 m) the sun's rays have less atmosphere to penetrate, thus eliminating the potential for haze, fog, and smoke contamination.

 

 

Mean Monthly and Annual Number of Clear Days

Wyo Cloud Stats

 

Monthly cloud statistics based on daylight hours only. A clear day is defined as a day with zero to three-tenths average sky cover. Due to rounding annual totals may differ from 12-month totals.

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Forecast

Choose a forecast product type (temperature, wind, cloud cover, etc) and desired time from the menu/slider bars at the top of the map. The map will update automatically. Use your mouse to zoom into/pan around on the map.
National Weather Service forecasts are issued out to 7 days. Please check back for accurate forecasts near the eclipse date.

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What is an Eclipse?

An eclipse occurs when the Sun, Earth, and Moon move into alignment with each other. One of the bodies blocks the view of another and creates a shadow. There are 2 different types of eclipses: solar and lunar.

A lunar eclipse happens at nighttime and occurs when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon creating a shadow on the Moon. These types of eclipses occur roughly 2 to 4 times per year. A lunar eclipse will generally last for a few hours.


Lunar Eclipse
Lunar eclipses seem to be more numerous than Solar Eclipses each year because, unlike a solar eclipse which only covers a narrow band of the earth, each lunar eclipse is visible from over half the Earth. Any given location on earth can have up to three lunar eclipses per year, but some years there may be none.


Solar eclipses, especially total solar eclipses, are a rare special to see. Solar eclipses occur when the Moon passes in between the Earth and the Sun, putting the Earth into its shadow. Most calendar years have 2 to 4 solar eclipses. They seem rarer because each time a solar eclipse occurs it is visible over a different, narrow region of the earth. In 1935 there was a very rare occasion of 5 eclipses for the year. That will not happen again until 2206.


Solar Eclipse
It is important to note that viewing a Solar Eclipse can be dangerous to your eyesight. Eclipse viewing safety is explained below.


Solar eclipses can be broken up into 3 categories: Partial, Total and Annular. A partial solar eclipse occurs when the moon does not completely block out the Sun. The Moon, Sun, and Earth do not form into a perfectly straight line, so only a portion of the sun is covered.

An annular eclipse occurs when the moon passes in front of the sun but due to the fact that the moon is sometimes further from the earth it appears too small to fully cover the disk of the sun. A bright “ring of fire” is visible around the moon. Annular eclipses, meaning “ring-shaped”, only occur during the New Moon phase, when the Sun and Earth are aligned on opposite sides of the moon, and the moon is near its farthest point from the Earth (apogee).

A total solar eclipse is the type we will experience on August 21, 2017. The Moon, Sun, and Earth will align allowing the moon to completely cover the sun. Only during the time of total blockage is it safe to look at the eclipse without any eye protection. The total blockage of the sun will only last for a few minutes before the Moon moves and the sun will begin to reappear.

 

Solar Eclipse

 

A few interesting historical facts:

  • This will be the first total solar eclipse viewed on American soil since July 11, 1991. Totality was seen in Hawaii with a partial eclipse seen across most of the continental United States.
  • Last time a total solar eclipse was seen in Wyoming was February 26, 1979. Totality passed over Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Montana, with near totality (magnitude 0.988) visible in Wyoming.
  • This will be the first solar eclipse to move across the entire mainland of America since June 8, 1918.

 

Community and social events are being held across the United States click here to find one across the US

 


Eclipse Safety

Safety is a big concern when viewing a solar eclipse. You should NEVER look directly at the sun during an eclipse. Looking directly at the sun is only safe during the few minutes when the eclipse is at the totality. That will only occur in the very narrow path of about 60 to 70 miles wide from Oregon to South Carolina (see map above).


Viewing a Solar Eclipse

 

The only way to safely observe a partially eclipsed sun is through special solar filtered glasses. Homemade filters and ordinary sunglasses are not safe for looking at the Sun. There are several manufacturers of eclipse glasses to meet international standards.These glasses can be found at various online retailers and are generally inexpensive. Be sure to follow any packaging instructions and supervise children using solar glasses.
Solar Glasses

NASA Eclipse Safety Information

 

If you are looking for a DIY solar eclipse viewer a pinhole projector is a safe but indirect way to view a solar eclipse.

 


Pinhole Projector

 

Other ways to view a solar eclipse include:

  • Telescopes with a Solar Filter Welder's
  • Glass #14 or darker

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