National Weather Service United States Department of Commerce

National Flood Safety Awareness Week: March 11th - 15th, 2019
For more information, please visit our efforts at making a Weather-Ready Nation.
Also please consult additional Flood Safety Tips than those below including Ready.gov information.


The National Weather Service in Norton will feature a different flood-related topic each day during the Flood Safety Awareness Week.


Day 1 – Flood Safety:

Nearly every day, flooding happens somewhere in the United States or its territories.
Flooding can occur in any of the fifty states or U.S. territories at any time of the
year. It causes more damage in the United States than any other weather related event.
On average, floods cause eight billion dollars in damages and eighty nine fatalities
annually. More than half of these deaths are the result of driving into flood waters.

Being prepared and knowing how to stay safe will help you and your loved ones survive
a flood. Stay safe during a flood by being prepared in advance.

Be a Force of Nature! www.weather.gov/floodsafety

Day 2 – Never Drive or Walk into Flood Waters – Turn Around Don't Drown

Flooding is one of the leading causes of weather related fatalities in the U.S. On average,
flooding claims nearly 90 lives each year. More than half of these deaths occur in motor
vehicles when people attempt to drive through flooded roadways. This happens because people
underestimate the force and power of water, especially when it is moving.

Just six inches of fast-moving water can knock over and carry off an adult. Twelve inches
of water can float a small car. If that water is moving, it can carry that car away.
Eighteen to twenty-four inches of flowing water can carry away most vehicles, including large
SUVs. It is impossible to tell the exact depth of water covering a roadway or the condition
of the road below the water. This is especially true at night when your vision is more limited.
It is never safe to drive or walk through flood waters. Any time you come to a flooded road,
walkway, or path, follow this simple rule: Turn Around Don't Drown.


For more information and flood safety tips, visit www.weather.gov/floodsafety

Day 3 – Know the Difference Between a Watch and a Warning.

It's vital to your safety to know the difference.

Watch - Get Ready! A Watch is issued when a specific weather hazard is possible. For example,
if conditions are such that flooding may occur, a watch will be issued. Flooding is not yet
occurring when a watch is issued. This gives you time to get prepared. If your home is in a
low lying area, you can prepare for the possibility of flood waters impacting the structure.
You can also plan alternate routes for getting to home, work or school if you know certain roads
you usually take could be covered by water. The Watch also gives you a chance to test your
communications plan and alert family and friends to the threat of dangerous weather.

Warning - Take Action! A Warning is issued when a specific weather hazard is currently
occurring or will be occurring very soon. If a Flood or Flash Flood Warning is issued and you
are in a flood prone area move immediately to high ground. Follow evacuation orders if they
are issued. If you encounter a roadway that is covered in water, do NOT enter the water!
Turn Around Don't Drown! It is never safe to drive or walk through flood waters.

Day 4 – Flash Flooding

Flash floods are exactly what the name suggests: floods that happen in a flash! Causes
of flash flooding include heavy rain, ice or debris jams, and levee or dam failure. These
floods exhibit a rapid rise of water over low-lying areas. There are many reasons that
flash floods occur, but one of the most common is the result of copious amounts of rainfall
from thunderstorms that cause flash flooding. These sudden downpours can rapidly change the
water levels in a stream or creek and turn small waterways into violent, raging rivers. Urban
areas are especially prone to flash floods due to the large amounts of concrete and asphalt
surfaces that do not allow water to penetrate into the soil easily. It's important to avoid
low lying areas and storm drains when heavy rain is in the area.

Day 5 - Be Aware

Knowing when flooding is possible will give you time to prepare! You can always find the latest
forecasts and hazardous weather conditions at weather.gov and the latest river forecast
information at water.weather.gov. If you're not on your computer, you can access the same
information via your mobile device at http://mobile.weather.gov.

Wireless Emergency Alerts are life saving messages that will pop up on your mobile phone when
you are in a geographic area that is under a Flash Flood Warning.

Visit www.weather.gov/wrn/wea for more information! Another tool to alert you to hazardous
conditions is NOAA All Hazards Radio. This nationwide network of radio stations broadcasts
continuous weather, river and other emergency information direct from NWS offices and emergency
officials.

For more information, visit www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr/