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A Soggy Sunday in the Mid-Atlantic; Warm in the Pacific Northwest

Lingering rain showers will continue across the Mid-Atlantic region on Sunday from a continuing decaying Ian. In the wake of Ian, the southeast and Florida should be mostly sunny and dry. Out in the Pacific Northwest, warm temperatures are likely with perhaps a record high or two. It will also be warm in the northern and central Plains with the latter expecting elevated fire weather conditions. Read More >

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Tornado Track Map for Woods County, OK
 
Woods County, OK Tornadoes Prior to 1950
# Date Time
(CST)
Path
Length
(miles)
Path
Width
(yards)
F-Scale Killed Injured County Path
  05/17/1898         0   Woods Waynoka - near Alva
  05/17/1908 1830 1     0 0 Woods Dacoma
  05/26/1908 1830   440   4 3 Woods Alva
  05/08/1923 1600   200   1   Woods Near "Farry" (7 NE Freedom)
  05/22/1923 1500   500   1 6 Woods Near Edith - near Freedom
  05/18/1938 1920 25     0 0 Woods Near Waynoka... Freedom... Avard and Hopeton
  04/14/1939 2300 65 n   7 19 Dewey/ Woodward/ Major/ Woods Near Vici - near Waynoka - near Hopeton - near Alva - Capron - just inside KS
  06/05/1945 1930 10     0 3 Woods Avard
  04/09/1947 1952 221 3200   169
(101)
980
(782)
Ellis/ Woodward/ Woods .5 SE White Deer TX - 5 NW Pampa TX - Glazier TX - Higgins TX - 4 SE Shattuck - 4 NW Arnett - 3 SE Gage - 2 SE Fargo - Woodward - near Hartner KS - St. Leo KS
  05/20/1949 2100 12 67   0   Woods Near Waynoka
Woods County, OK Tornadoes (1950-Present*)
# Date Time
(CST)
Path
Length
(miles)
Path
Width
(yards)
F-Scale Killed Injured County Path
1 04/05/1951 1645 4 33 F2 0 2 Woods 4 SW Waynoka
2 08/31/1951 1550 0.5 440 F1 0 0 Woods 4 S Alva
3 04/30/1952 1545 14 200 F2 0 0 Woods near Freedom
4 06/19/1953 1200 1.9 30 F1 0 0 Woods Near Dacoma
5 06/19/1953 1200 0.1 10 F1 0 0 Woods Near Dacoma
6 06/14/1954 1800 0.1 10 F0 0 0 Woods 12 N Waynoka
7 06/04/1955 2030 2 100 F1 0 0 Woods near Waynoka
8 06/17/1955 1730 4 500 F2 0 0 Woods near Alva
9 06/18/1955 1930 4 100 F2 0 0 Woods near Freedom
10 04/02/1956 1905 20 400 F3 0 2 Woods/ Alfalfa Hopeton - W of Burlington
11 05/30/1956 2045 0.1 10 F0 0 0 Woods NW of Alva
12 04/18/1957 1945 0.1 10 F0 0 0 Woods S of Waynoka
13 06/24/1958 2345 0.5 30 F1 0 0 Woods near Waynoka
14 08/23/1958 1400 25 10 F? 0 0 Woods E of Waynoka
15 03/25/1959 1230 2 50 F0 0 0 Woods Alva
16 05/28/1960 1600 0.1 10 F1 0 0 Woods E of Dacoma
17 04/16/1964 1825 0.1 10 F0 0 0 Woods 3 W Alva
18 05/05/1964 1720 0.1 10 F0 0 0 Woods 18 W Alva
19 05/05/1964 1800 0.1 10 F0 0 0 Woods 6 W Alva
20 05/05/1964 1845 0.1 10 F1 0 0 Woods 5 SE Alva
21 08/13/1964 1925 0.1 10 F2 0 0 Woods Farry
22 11/14/1964 2030 2 440 F1 0 0 Woods 9 ENE Freedom
23 06/04/1965 2203 1.5 150 F2 0 0 Woods .5 S- .3 NE Waynoka
24 06/23/1965 1742 0.1 10 F0 0 0 Woods 8 NW Alva
25 09/15/1969 1927 0.1 10 F0 0 0 Woods 7 W Alva
26 07/28/1970 1643 0.8 440 F0 0 0 Woods 23 S Alva
27 06/06/1975 1700 1.5 50 F1 0 0 Woods 2 E Cora
28 06/06/1975 1700 0.5 40 F1 0 0 Woods 2 E Cora
29 06/06/1975 1703 0.5 40 F1 0 0 Woods 2 E Cora
30 06/06/1975 1830 0.5 50 F1 0 0 Woods Near Edith
31 05/02/1979 1550 0.3 13 F0 0 0 Woods 6 WNW Cleo Springs
32 07/08/1981 0415 0.5 20 F1 0 0 Woods 4 E Waynoka
33 05/16/1982 1730 0.1 10 F1 0 0 Woods 8 SE Waynoka
34 07/31/1985 1700 0.2 10 F0 0 0 Woods 5 SE Avard
35 09/22/1985 1440 0.1 10 F0 0 0 Woods 3 SW Avard
36 09/22/1985 1515 0.2 10 F0 0 0 Woods 1 W Hopeton
37 04/02/1991 1720 6 30 F1 0 0 Woods OK/ Comanche KS Lookout OK- 18 S Coldwater KS
38 04/02/1991 1845-1855 5 100 F2 0 0 Woods 9 WNW Camp Houston
39 05/17/1995 1552-1610 12 400 F2 0 0 Woods/ Alfalfa 12 S Dacoma- Aline- McWillie
40 06/07/1995 2235 0.1 23 F0 0 0 Woods 4 W Waynoka
41 10/04/1998 1425-1443 10 440 F2 0 0 Woods/ Alfalfa 11 SSW Dacoma - 4 NW Carmen
42 05/25/2000 2225-2242 8 250 F2 0 0 Woods 7 SSW Dacoma - Dacoma - 1 ENE Dacoma
43 09/20/2001 1720-1723 0.1 25 F0 0 0 Woods 7 N Camp Houston
44 04/17/2002 2327-18/0028 34 1500 F2 0 1 Major/ Woods/ Alfalfa 15 WNW Orienta - 2 SW Ingersoll
45 05/23/2008 1959-2019 11 980 EF3 0 0 Woods OK/ Comanche KS 9.5 N Camp Houston - 15 E Buttermilk KS [EF2 in Oklahoma]
46 04/14/2012 1533 0.3 30 EF0 0 0 Woods 2.5 WNW Camp Houston
47 04/14/2012 1806-1820 7 150 EF1 0 0 Major/ Woods 4 NNW Bouse Junction - 5 SE Waynoka
48 04/14/2012 1819-1821 1 75 EF0 0 0 Woods 4 SE Waynoka
49 04/14/2012 1830-1846 9 400 EF0 0 0 Woods 10 E Waynoka - near Hopeton
50 04/18/2015 1506 0.5 40 EF1 0 0 Woods 7 WSW Carmen
51 11/16/2015 2209-2238 19 810 EF1 0 0 Woods OK/ Comanche KS 15 NW Camp Houston OK - 12 SSE Wilmore KS
52 05/18/2017 1549-1607 9 200 EF1 0 0 Major/ Woods 2 WNW Bouse Junction - 4 WSW Waynoka
53 05/18/2017 1557 0.2 50 EF? 0 0 Woods 4 NW Alva
54 05/29/2018 1825-1831 3 20 EF1 0 0 Woods Waynoka (north side) - 2.5 SSE Waynoka
 

Significant Tornadoes in Woods County

  Date Time
(CST)
Path
Length
(miles)
Path
Width
(yards)
F-Scale Killed Injured County Path
  04/14-15/1939 2300 65 (f73) 1000   7 19 Dewey/ Major/ Woodward/ Major/ Woods/ Barber, KS Near Vici - near Waynoka - near Hopeton - near Alva - Capron - just inside KS

A violent tornado formed at the town of Vici at 11:00 pm CST on April 14th in northwestern Dewey County and moved northeastward through the southeastern part of Vici, where it damaged 50 buildings. The twister then continued through rural parts of extreme northwestern Major County and southeastern Woodward County before tracking into Woods County. In Woods County the tornado moved along a path that was south of Waynoka, northwest of Hopeton and southeast of Alva before it struck the town of Capron at 12:15 am CST during the early morning of April 15th.

After exiting Capron, the tornado continued northeastward through extreme northwestern Alfalfa County and then dissipated near Kiowa, KS in southeastern Barber County just north of the Oklahoma-Kansas state line. The storm produced damage along a track that was at least 65 miles long and possible 73 miles long. It is possible that this event was comprised of a family of tornadoes from a parent supercell thunderstorm instead of being a single, long-track tornado.

Many farm homes and other buildings were destroyed in the rural areas near Waynoka, Hopeton and Alva, as well as the entire business section of Capron. Damage reached F5 intensity in an area 5 miles south of Waynoka where most of the fatalities occurred and farmhouses were completely swept away. At least one death in this area occurred when the tornado struck an automobile. In a case of unfortunate timing, the tornado and a train arrived simultaneously at Capron, and several railroad cars were derailed. The new brick school building in Capron was a total loss, and the southeast part of that town sustained heavy damage.

A total of 7 persons were killed and another 19 were injured by the tornado, with 15 of the injuries occurring in Capron. The damage caused by this storm was estimated at $104,000.

  04/09/1947 1952 98* 3200   184 (116) 980 (782) Hemphill, TX/ Lipscomb, TX/ Ellis/ Woodward/ Woods Near Canadian TX - Glazier TX - Higgins TX - 4 SE Shattuck - 4 NW Arnett - 3 SE Gage - 2 SE Fargo - Woodward - 10 W Alva

The most deadly tornado to ever strike within the borders of the state of Oklahoma occurred on Wednesday, April 9, 1947 in the city of Woodward. The Woodward tornadic supercell thunderstorm began in the Texas Panhandle during the afternoon of April 9, 1947, and produced at least six tornadoes along a 220-mile path that stretched from White Deer, TX (northeast of Amarillo) to St. Leo, KS (west of Wichita).

While it is still officially attributed to have traveled in a single long track through 3 states, work done by Tom Grazulis of the Tornado Project, and research scientist Don Burgess indicates that a separate tornado occurred near White Deer, TX, and 4 or more tornadoes occurred near the Oklahoma state line and into Kansas. In addition, the Woodward tornado may have begun closer to Pampa, TX, but there is no corroborating evidence to confirm a damage path in the area.

What is known is that the violent tornado that struck Woodward had a confirmed path that started 3 miles northwest of Canadian, TX. The tornado moved northeast, and continued on the ground continuously for about 98 miles, before ending in Woods County, Oklahoma about 10 miles west of Alva. The tornado was massive, up to 1.8 miles wide, and traveled at forward speeds of about 50 miles per hour.

The tornado first struck Glazier and Higgins in the Texas Panhandle, devastating both towns and producing at least 69 fatalities in Texas before crossing into Oklahoma. In Ellis County, Oklahoma, the tornado did not strike any towns, passing to the southeast of Shattuck, Gage, and Fargo. Even though no towns were struck, nearly 60 farms and ranches were destroyed and 8 people were killed with 42 more injured. Moving into Woodward County, one death was reported near Tangier.

The violent tornado (F5 on the Fujita Scale) unleashed its worst destruction on Woodward, striking the city without warning at 8:42 pm CST. Over 100 city blocks on the west and north sides of the city were destroyed with lesser damage in the southeast portion of the town. Confusion and fires reigned in the aftermath with over 1000 homes and businesses destroyed, at least 107 people killed in and around Woodward, and nearly 1000 additional injuries.

Normal communications between Woodward and the outside world were not restored for some time and there was great uncertainty as to victim status. In fact, the bodies of three children were never identified, and one child who survived the tornado was lost and never reunited with her family. Help for Woodward came from many places, including units from as far away as Oklahoma City and Wichita. Beyond Woodward, the tornado lost some intensity, but still destroyed 36 homes and injured 30 people in Woods County before it dissipated. The supercell thunderstorm would produce at least another 4 tornadoes near the Oklahoma State line and in southern Kansas.

In all, at least 116 lives were lost in Oklahoma on that fateful night with another 68 deaths occurring in Texas. Never before or since has a tornado been so costly to human life in the Sooner State. Another 782 people were in Oklahoma with 198 injuries occurring in Texas. Damages were estimated at $1.5 million in Texas and $8 million in Oklahoma. The tornado destroyed 507 structures and damaged 803 more in Oklahoma. A  total of 119 structures were destroyed and another 117 were damaged in Texas.

Because of the Woodward tornado and other devastating tornadoes in the late 1940's and early 1950's, and because of new technologies available after World War II, the Weather Bureau (now the National Weather Service) began a tornado watch and warning program in 1953. Since then, the warning system composed of the National Weather Service, local civil preparedness agencies, and the media has continued to mature and provide better and better information to citizens to help them protect themselves from tornadoes. Because of the strengths of the warning system, tornado death tolls in Oklahoma, and nationwide, have dropped considerably with each passing decade and, hopefully, will continue to decrease.

  04/05/1951 1645 4 33 F2 0 2 Woods 4 SW Waynoka

Two sandpit workers were injured when a toolshed was overturned at a location 4 miles southwest of Waynoka. Communications and power lines were also destroyed for a half-mile stretch along the tornado's path.

  04/02/1956 1905 20 400 F3 0 2 Woods/ Alfalfa Hopeton - W of Burlington

At 7:05 pm CST, a tornado damaged several houses and overturned 11 box cars at Hopeton. The tornado continued northeastward and inflicted damage on 11 farms in Woods and Alfalfa counties. One woman was injured by flying debris as she tried to take shelter in a storm cellar. Property damage was estimated at $100,000.

  04/17/2002 2327-18/0028 34 1500 F2 0 1 Major/ Woods/ Alfalfa 15 WNW Orienta - 2 SW Ingersoll

Numerous severe thunderstorms were observed over western Oklahoma during the afternoon and evening of April 17th and early morning of April 18th. Four tornadoes were confirmed, and there were several reports of very large hail, even one report of softball size hail (4.5 inches in diameter). The tornadoes were at night with the largest tornado, believed to be up to one mile wide, causing a maximum of F2 damage over a 34-mile path across northwest Oklahoma. Another tornado resulted in F3 damage.

This tornado was captured on video by a storm chaser at 11:27 pm CST on April 17th, approximately 2 miles south of Highway 412 in northern Major County. The tornado moved northward for 4 miles before crossing the Cimarron River into Woods County. No structures were affected in Major County.

The tornado curved to the right as it crossed the Cimarron River at 11:32 pm CST on April 17th and moved northeastward for 15 miles before entering Alfalfa County at 12:05 am CST on April 18th. In Woods County, about 2 miles southwest of the intersection of State Highway 45 and the Woods County line, the roof of a trailer house was completely removed, and an exterior wall on the northeast side of the house was badly damaged and partially removed from the structure. The owner of the house received minor abrasions to his arm. Across the road from the house, a barn was unroofed, and most of the walls were destroyed. Otherwise, only tree damage was observed across Woods County.

The tornado tracked for another 15 miles in Alfalfa County before dissipating 2 miles southwest of Ingersoll. As the tornado entered Alfalfa County, damage was sustained to outbuildings, trees and power lines, along State Highway 45 to the west of Carmen. Large trees were uprooted or snapped, and a windmill was destroyed along EW 25 Road to the east of NS 253 Road, or about 4.5 miles southwest of Lambert. Along the west side of NS 255 Road, between EW 23 Road and EW 22 Road (about 2.5 miles west of Lambert), a barn roof was removed as was the west section of the barn. Numerous power poles were snapped along EW 22 Road in a ½ mile area to the east of NS 255 Road. Several high-tension power poles were damaged or destroyed west of NS 256 Road and south of EW 21 Road. Significant tree damage and a couple of destroyed outbuildings were observed at the northeast corner of EW 20 and NS 256 Roads, about 5.5 miles southwest of Cherokee. The tornado continued north-northeast with the last damage observed along EW 17 Road just east of NS 257 Road, 2 miles southwest of Ingersoll, or about 4 miles west-northwest of Cherokee.

 

Records taken from the Storm Prediction Center archive data, "Storm Data", and data from the National Weather Service office in Norman. Data modified as described in NOAA Tech Memo NWS SR-209 (Speheger, D., 2001: "Corrections to the Historic Tornado Database").

Historic data, especially before 1950, are likely incomplete.